Writing Learning Objectives
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UNIVERSIDAD AUTONOMA DE BAJA CALIFORNIA Language Bachelor ProgramWriting Learning ObjectivesMethods of Evaluation
What is a Learning Objective?› A learning objective is a statement of what students will be able to do when they have completed instruction.› A Learning objective has three major components:1. A description of what the student will be able to do2. The conditions under which the student will perform the task.3. The criteria for evaluating student performance.
Why are Learning Objectives important?› Learning objectives are guides to:1. Selection of content2. Development of an instructional strategy.3. Development and selection of instructional materials.4. Construction of test and other instruments for assessing and then evaluating student learning outcomes.
How do you write a LearningObjective? Focus on student Performance NOT teacher performance. Focus on product NOT process. Focus on terminal behavior - not subject matter. Include only ONE general learning outcome in each objective.
Three essential characteristics for clearstatements. › Behavior – A description of what the student will be able to do. (The choice of a verb is all- important here). › The Conditions under which the student will perform the task. › The Criteria for evaluating the student performance
eXAMPLE“Recognize and produce wh-informationquestions with correct final intonation pattern”Behavior criterion conditions
Writing learning objectives…verbs such as "understand," "know," or "learn about" should be replaced with more specific verbs. The list that follows provides some of the verbs appropriate for use with the statement "listidentifystatedescribedefinesolvecompare and contrastoperate
ExamplesLets assume that we are creating a training program for receptionists. The goal of the program is simply to train people in proper phone use. What might the specific tasks and associated learning objectives include?An example of a poorly defined objective is:In this course you will learn how to operate the phone and properly communicate with callers.This statement is not an objective . It’s a description of the course content
The following performance objectives are good examples ofthe use of observable behaviors.After completing this course you will be able to:place a caller on holdactivate the speaker phoneplay new messages on the voice mail systemlist the three elements of a proper phone greetingtransfer a call to a requested extension