By:GERMAN COLONIAL Jessica Baker EMPIRE Brooke Boston Bekah Bittle
WHAT IS A COLONY?A colony is defined as, “a region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency”
THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICAAlthough colonialization happened in several areas of the world, the most dramatic changes took place in AfricaMany nations took part in what became known as the “Scramble for Africa.”
LATE TO THE GAMEThe new nation of Germany was late to the colonial game.Germany built only small empires.Germany was not unified until 1871. It is only after that time that Germans could think about building an overseas empire.An even then Germany did not immediately set upon empire building, in part because Bismarck did not see it as advisable.
WHY? Germany took colonies in 1880s for status symbols. The German Empire in the late-19th century acquired a number of scattered colonies in both Africa and the Pacific. The German colonies were mostly largely unsettled lands of little interest to the other European powers. As a result unlike the other major European countries, Germany did not have the opportunity to carve out a large colonial empire.
WHERE? The Germans did join the grab for Africa, seizing Camaroons, German East Africa (modern Tanzania), Southwest Africa (modern Namibia) (1884) and Togo. The Germans also seized a large also seized a large area of the South Pacific, including northeastern New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, and island groups to the northeast(the Carolines, Marianas, Marshalls, and Samoa as well as Nauru ) (1885-99). The Germans in addition seized a Chinese port city -- Tsingtau (1898).
DIFFERENT OPINION Other Germans, however, craved a colonial empire . The young Kaiser Wilhelm II in particular wanted both a modern high seas fleet and colonial empire. The Kaiser began building a modern navy, but the potential for empire was limited because much of the world had already been carved up by the older, established colonial powers.
LOST POWER Germany did not retain its new colonies very long. After World War I broke out, Britains command of the sea allowed it to seize the various German colonies.
VERSAILLES TREAT Y The Versailles Treaty stripped Germany of its colonies assigning trusteeships to Australia, Britain, Belgium, France, Japan, New Zealand, and South Africa. Japan proceeded to fortify the Pacific islands it obtained. Truk became the Gibraltar of the Pacific. While virtually unknown to the general public, these islands became important in the World War II Pacific campaign (1941-45).