WEST WOLRD CIV German Colonial Empire


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WEST WOLRD CIV German Colonial Empire

  1. 1. By:GERMAN COLONIAL Jessica Baker EMPIRE Brooke Boston Bekah Bittle
  2. 2. WHAT IS A COLONY?A colony is defined as, “a region politically controlled by a distant country; a dependency”
  3. 3. THE SCRAMBLE FOR AFRICAAlthough colonialization happened in several areas of the world, the most dramatic changes took place in AfricaMany nations took part in what became known as the “Scramble for Africa.”
  4. 4. LATE TO THE GAMEThe new nation of Germany was late to the colonial game.Germany built only small empires.Germany was not unified until 1871. It is only after that time that Germans could think about building an overseas empire.An even then Germany did not immediately set upon empire building, in part because Bismarck did not see it as advisable.
  5. 5. WHY? Germany took colonies in 1880s for status symbols. The German Empire in the late-19th century acquired a number of scattered colonies in both Africa and the Pacific. The German colonies were mostly largely unsettled lands of little interest to the other European powers. As a result unlike the other major European countries, Germany did not have the opportunity to carve out a large colonial empire.
  6. 6. WHERE? The Germans did join the grab for Africa, seizing Camaroons, German East Africa (modern Tanzania), Southwest Africa (modern Namibia) (1884) and Togo. The Germans also seized a large also seized a large area of the South Pacific, including northeastern New Guinea, the Bismarck Archipelago, and island groups to the northeast(the Carolines, Marianas, Marshalls, and Samoa as well as Nauru ) (1885-99). The Germans in addition seized a Chinese port city -- Tsingtau (1898).
  7. 7. DIFFERENT OPINION Other Germans, however, craved a colonial empire . The young Kaiser Wilhelm II in particular wanted both a modern high seas fleet and colonial empire. The Kaiser began building a modern navy, but the potential for empire was limited because much of the world had already been carved up by the older, established colonial powers.
  8. 8. LOST POWER Germany did not retain its new colonies very long. After World War I broke out, Britains command of the sea allowed it to seize the various German colonies.
  9. 9. VERSAILLES TREAT Y The Versailles Treaty stripped Germany of its colonies assigning trusteeships to Australia, Britain, Belgium, France, Japan, New Zealand, and South Africa. Japan proceeded to fortify the Pacific islands it obtained. Truk became the Gibraltar of the Pacific. While virtually unknown to the general public, these islands became important in the World War II Pacific campaign (1941-45).