ADOLF HITLER
  THE EARLY YEARS
     1889-1923
INTRODUCTION



THE PROBLEM

HISTORICAL APPROACHES

YOUR CHALLENGE
THE PROBLEM

“How did a former corporal get unquestioning
obedience from field marshals? In a land filled
with talented in...
HISTORICAL APPROACHES


CONTEMPORARY

IMMEDIATE POST-WAR EVALUATION

LATER MORE DISPASSIONATE INTERPRETATIONS

JOHN LUKACS...
DOMESTIC PROPAGANDA • FOREIGN RIDICULE • INCOMPREHENSION
HOLOCAUST OVERSHADOWS EVERYTHING
BULLOCK, 1957 • FEST, 1973 • TOLAND, 1991
HITLER HISTORIOGRAPHY

HE WASN’T A DEMON


HE WASN’T MAD


”NOT ONLY THAT, HE HAD VERY
CONSIDERABLE INTELLECTUAL
TALENTS. ...
SIR IAN KERSHAW
                            (1943-

LANCASHIRE, SON OF
AN R.A.F. MECHANIC

PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS

UNIV OF LIVE...
quot;I can't tell you how happy I was when that bullet finally
    went through that bloke's [Hitler’s]head,quot; he quipp...
YOUR CHALLENGE
EARLY YEARS
                      1889-1914




BRAUNAU AM INN, 1889-92

PASSAU,, 1892-95 & LAMBACH, 1897-99

LINZ, 1899-1...
“I HONORED MY FATHER BUT I LOVED MY MOTHER”--MEIN KAMPF
FÜHRERSGEBURTSTAG 20 APRIL

OF ALOIS & KLARA’S
SIX CHILDREN ONLY
ADOLF & PAULA
REACHED ADULTHOOD

HE HAD HALF SIBS,
ALOIS,...
LAMBACH, UPPER AUSTRIA
HITLER’S SECOND SCHOOL STAFFED
     BY BENEDICTINE MONKS
PASSAU, BAVARIA
 DOM SANKT STEPHAN
LEONDING, A SUBURB OF LINZ,
                                 WHERE HITLER LIVED FROM
                                   AG...
HITLER AS STUDENT
“THE HAPPY PLAYFUL YOUNGSTER OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL DAYS HAD GROWN INTO AN
   IDLE,RESENTFUL,REBELLIOUS, ...
HITLER’S HISTORY MASTER, DR. LEOPOLD
   PÖTSCH WAS PROMINENT IN SEVERAL
     NATIONALIST VEREINE AND ALSO
INTRODUCED HIS B...
WAGNER AT THE LINZ OPER
HITLER’S FAVORITE ACCORDING TO HIS TEEN AGE
 COMPANION,AUGUST KUBIZEK, WAS “RIENZI”
KARL MAY DRESSED UP AS “OLD SHATTERHAND”
REALSCHULE DROPOUT



02-03--FAILS MATH FOR A 2ND TIME

03-04--FAILS FRENCH-->REALSCHULE AT STEYR

GOOD IN P.E. & DRAWING;...
VIENNA ART ACADEMY PAINTED BY HITLER
KLARA’S DEATH IN 1907 AFFECTED THE 18 YEAR OLD DEEPLY
THE NATIONALITIES QUESTION • CZECHS, NOT JEWS!
TAN =THE AUSTRIAN EMPIRE • PINK= THE KINGDOM OF HUNGARY
NADIR--1908-1913

TWICE REJECTED BY THE ACADEMY

UNABLE TO ENGAGE, LIVES ON FAMILY FUNDS

DOWN AND OUT BY SEPT 09, ASYLUM ...
POSTCARDS TO EKE OUT A LIVING
            SHÖNBRUNN PALACE
    HITLER’S SIGNATURE CLEARLY VISIBLE
THE SAME IN MÜNCHEN
     HOFFBRÄUHAUS, 1913
   SCENE OF LATER TRIUMPHS
ANTI-SEMITISM
       AUSTRIAN? GERMAN?


KARL LUEGER, “THE GREATEST GERMAN MAYOR OF ALL
TIMES”

“OSTARA” & LANZ V. LIEBENF...
ÖSTJUDEN


RUSSIAN POGROMS
BEGIN, 1880S

EASTERN JEWS
EMIGRATE TO WEST

AUSTRIAN POSTCARD:
“GUESTS AT THE SPA
FROM GALICIA”
FROM ARTIST TO SOLDIER
THE FIRST WORLD WAR MADE HITLER
 POSSIBLE. WITHOUT THE EXPERIENCE OF WAR,
    THE HUMILIATION OF DEFEAT, AND THE
 UPHEAVAL...
MUNICH, ODEONSPLATZ, 2 AUG 1914
 AN EXUBERANT 25 YEAR OLD HITLER ENLISTS IN THE
               BAVARIAN ARMY
MELDEGANGER MIT KAMERADEN
THE MASCOT, FUCHSL(LITTLE FOX), WAS HIS BEST FRIEND
TWICE WOUNDED, DECORATED


TURNED DOWN OFFER OF
PROMOTION ABOVE
CORPORAL (GEFREITER)

JEWISH COMPANY
OFFICER RECOMMENDED
H...
I CAME TO IN THE HOSPITAL IN PASEWALK IN
   POMERANIA, AND THERE I WAS FATED TO
EXPERIENCE THE GREATEST VILLANY OF THE
   ...
HAD THEY DIED FOR THIS, THE SOLDIERS OF
  AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER, 1914?...WAS IT FOR
  THIS THAT THESE BOYS OF SEVENTEEN SAN...
RETURN TO MUNICH, 1919


RÄTEREPUBLIK; NOV,18
-MAY,’19

WEIMAR--”THE ILL FATED
EXPERIMENT OF A
DEMOCRACY WITHOUT
DEMOCRATS...
SUMMER ’19
MÜNCHEN UNDER MILITARY RULE


 “ALMOST BY CHANCE
  HE HAD STUMBLED
ACROSS HIS GREATEST
      TALENT.”
    KERSH...
SUMMER ’19
MÜNCHEN UNDER MILITARY RULE

                      “GRUKO”(BAYRISCHER
                      REICHSWEHR
 “ALMOST...
GOTTFRIED FEDER
                          (1883-1941)




H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933
GOTTFRIED FEDER
                          (1883-1941)




H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933
GOTTFRIED FEDER
                          (1883-1941)


                                        TAUGHT ANTI-
             ...
GOTTFRIED FEDER
                          (1883-1941)


                                        TAUGHT ANTI-
             ...
GOTTFRIED FEDER
                          (1883-1941)


                                        TAUGHT ANTI-
             ...
GOTTFRIED FEDER
                          (1883-1941)


                                        TAUGHT ANTI-
             ...
DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
•VÖLKISH POET &
                 PUBLICIST




DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
•VÖLKISH POET &
                 PUBLICIST
                 •ANTI-SEMITE




DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEK...
•VÖLKISH POET &
                 PUBLICIST
                 •ANTI-SEMITE
                 •PUBLISHED ARTICLES BY
         ...
•VÖLKISH POET &
                 PUBLICIST
                 •ANTI-SEMITE
                 •PUBLISHED ARTICLES BY
         ...
•VÖLKISH POET &
                 PUBLICIST
                 •ANTI-SEMITE
                 •PUBLISHED ARTICLES BY
         ...
ALFRED ROSENBERG
            (TALINN, ESTONIA,1893-HANGED,1946)



GRADUATED MOSCOW
UNIVERSITY, 1917 IN
ARCHITECTURE

FLED...
MILITARY POLICE SPY


SURVEILANCE OF THE
MORE THAN 50 PARTIES,
LEFT TO RIGHT

12 SEPT, SENT TO DAP
MEETING, FEDER THE
SPEA...
THE BEERHALL AGITATOR


 “ABOVE ALL, WHAT CAME NATURALLY TO
 HITLER WAS TO STOKE UP THE HATRED OF
  OTHERS BY POURING OUT ...
UNVARYING ESSENTIAL DRIVING-POINTS
UNVARYING ESSENTIAL DRIVING-POINTS



 NATIONALIZATION OF THE MASSES

 REVERSAL OF THE “GREAT BETRAYAL” OF 1918

 DESTRUCT...
VÖLKISH PARTIES

DAP ONE OF 73
VÖLKISH PARTIES

IN MÜNCHEN ALONE, 15

LARGEST
DEUTSCHVÖLKISCHER
SCHUTZ-UND-TRUTZ
BUND (HAM...
RUDOLF FREIHERR VON SEBOTTENDORFF
            (1875-1945)


 ALIAS OF ADAM ALFRED
 RUDOLF GLAUER

 FOUGHT IN BALKAN WARS
 ...
THE PARTY ORGAN
THE PARTY ORGAN




• V SEBOTTENDORFF LAUNCHED IT IN 1919 AS THE
   MÜNCHENER BEOBACHTER (OBSERVER);
THE PARTY ORGAN




• V SEBOTTENDORFF LAUNCHED IT IN 1919 AS THE
    MÜNCHENER BEOBACHTER (OBSERVER);
• RENAMED IN AUG’19 ...
THE PARTY ORGAN




• V SEBOTTENDORFF LAUNCHED IT IN 1919 AS THE
    MÜNCHENER BEOBACHTER (OBSERVER);
• RENAMED IN AUG’19 ...
FROM SMALL BEGINNINGS

1ST MASS MEETING,
HOFBRÄUHAUS 24.FEB.
20

STRIKING RED POSTERS

25 POINTS
“UNALTERABLE” BUT
LARGELY...
RUDOLF HEß
   (ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT, 1894-SPANDAU PRISON, 1987)




FAMILY RETURNED TO
GERMANY, 1908

WWI, INFANTRY, WOUNDED,...
MASS MEETINGS > MEMBERS


BY THE END OF ’20, >30 MASS MEETINGS , 800-2,500 &
MANY SMALLER GATHERINGS

EARLY FEB ’21, CIRCU...
HITLER’S AUDIENCE AT CIRCUS KRONE
                  3 FEB 21

MUNICH’S LARGEST INDOOR VENUE, BUILT IN 1919
ERICH FRIEDRICH WM LUDENDORFF
                     (1865-1937)

 VICTOR OF LIEGE &
 TANNENBERG, 1914

 WITH HINDENBURG,
 M...
“LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!”
“LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!”

CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON
FIST CLUB” ’20
“LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!”

CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON
FIST CLUB” ’20

BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY
POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR
“LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!”

CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON
FIST CLUB” ’20

BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY
POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR

SAALSCHUTZ...
“LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!”

CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON
FIST CLUB” ’20

BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY
POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR

SAALSCHUTZ...
“LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!”

CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON
FIST CLUB” ’20

BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY
POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR

SAALSCHUTZ...
FÜHRERPARTEI
FÜHRERPARTEI

PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES
MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED)
FÜHRERPARTEI

PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES
MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED)

HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS S...
FÜHRERPARTEI

PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES
MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED)

HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS S...
FÜHRERPARTEI

PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES
MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED)

HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS S...
FÜHRERPARTEI

PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES
MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED)

HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS S...
FÜHRERPARTEI

PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES
MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED)

HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS S...
STADELHEIM PRISON
HITLER JAILED 24 JUN-27 JUL 22 FOR LÖWENBRAUKELLER
     RIOT. MANY MORE RIOTS-->”GOOD PUBLICITY”
COBURG, FRANCONIA RALLY
              14-15 OCT 22
GREAT SUCCESS > JULIUS STREICHER & HIS FOLLOWERS
  JOIN. MORE THAN DOUB...
DER STÜRMER ADDED
A SECOND MEDIUM FOR NAZI PROPAGANDA
HERMANN GÖRING (1893-1946)
WINNER OF THE BLUE MAX, SUCCESSOR TO V. RICHTHOFEN,
     JOINS THE NSDAP AFTER THE COBURG RALLY
ERNST “PUTZI” HANFSTENGL
               (MUNICH, 1887-1975)


GERMAN FATHER, WEALTHY &
FAMOUS ART PUBLISHER

AMERICAN MOTH...
THE “DRUMMER”


ICH BIN NICHTS ALS TROMMLER UND SAMMLER (I AM
NOTHING BUT A DRUMMER AND RALLIER) -- HITLER, 1922

“OUR TAS...
BAVARIA
BAVARIA
BAVARIA

“READINESS TO TOLERATE VIOLENCE PARADOXICALLY
SEEN TO BE SERVING THE INTERESTS OF A RETURN TO
ORDER AND NORMALITY...
400,000 MEN WITH 2 1/2 MILLION WEAPONS
GERMANY WAS NOT THE ONLY
             COUNTRY AFFLICTED WITH
              PARAMILITARY GROUPS.
              HITLER AND T...
FRENCH OCCUPY THE RUHR

1ST OCCUPATION; MAY,
1920

2ND; MÄRZ, ’21

3RD; JAN 11, 1923

GOVT CALLS FOR
PASSIVE RESISTANCE

S...
NSDAP’S 1ST
                                     MARTYR



ALBERT LEO SCHLAGETER, E.K., 2ER & 1ER KLASS, (1894-1923)
VÖLKISCHER BEOBACHTER
JUNE 11, 1923 COMEMORATING SCHLAGETER’S EXECUTION
• RUHR STRIKES FEED HYPERINFLATION
•GOVERNMENT ORDERS END TO PASSIVE
RESISTANCE, 26 SEPTEMBER
• CENTRIST CHANCELLOR CUNO R...
BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE,
    OR HITLER-PUTSCH?

    THREE MAJOR PLAYERS
BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE,
    OR HITLER-PUTSCH?

         THREE MAJOR PLAYERS



G. V. KAHR’S OFFICIAL STATE FORCES
BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE,
    OR HITLER-PUTSCH?

         THREE MAJOR PLAYERS



G. V. KAHR’S OFFICIAL STATE FORCES

H. E...
BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE,
    OR HITLER-PUTSCH?

         THREE MAJOR PLAYERS



G. V. KAHR’S OFFICIAL STATE FORCES

H. E...
8 NOVEMBER 1923
V KAHR’S SPEECH FORCES HITLER’S HAND, 8 NOV 23
LUDENDORFF ALLOWS THE TRIO
        TO LEAVE


DRESSED THAT NIGHT
IN TWEED “CIVIES”

TOLD HITLER HE HAD
THEIR WORD AS
GENTL...
SOME THINGS GO WELL
ALTE KÄMPFER RÖHM SEIZES THE WAR MINISTRY IN
LUDWIGSTRAßE & SURROUNDS IT WITH BARBED WIRE
FORCES FROM OUTSIDE ARRIVE
“...INCLUDING A STRONG CONTINGENT FROM LANDSHUT LED
           BY GREGOR STRASSER.” JONES, P. 2...
1200 9 NOV 23
THE MARCH FROM THE BÜRGER BRÄU KELLER BEGINS
FELDHERRNHALLE--FIELDMARSHALLS HALL, BUILT 1840S
PUTSCH LEADERS AWAITING TRIAL
LT TO RT: HEINZ PERNET, FRIEDRICH WEBER, WILHELM FRICK, HERMANN KREHBIEL,
       LUDENDORFF,...
THIS SHOULD HAVE BEEN
 THE END OF THE STORY,
         BUT...
HELDENTEMPEL • BÜRGER BRÄU KELLER COMMEMORATIVE, 1933
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 3; Adolf Hitler, The Early Years, 1889-1923
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 3; Adolf Hitler, The Early Years, 1889-1923
Nazi Rise to Power, Part 3; Adolf Hitler, The Early Years, 1889-1923
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Nazi Rise to Power, Part 3; Adolf Hitler, The Early Years, 1889-1923

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Hitler's life until the Beerhall Putsch.

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  • • this is when the “explanations” of demon or madman develop






  • • describe his organization of the text


  • • compare to my experience with the Webers


  • • Again, from the BBC website announcing his knighthood


  • • evaluate what Hitler’s role was --Great Man vs Blind Forces


  • • what are the lessons?






  • • H was three when he moved from Braunau, several homes not mentioned






  • •Alice Miller, “For Your Own Good”


  • • Adolf = Edel + Wolf = noble wolf later nickname for intimates only Wulf






  • • Again, G-C “...said to have been happy, taking an active part in the ceremonial & pageantry of the church which again dominated the life of the town.”


  • • Bish St Adalbero, founder, ca. 1040 •town coat of arms • choir lessons in abbey


  • • Goodrick-Clarke writes “...dominant baroque Catholic culture...ubiquitous clergy & the rich liturgical festivals....this ambiance may have instilled a religious-millenerian awareness in the infant Hitler.”










  • • “... early fixation on mother Germany across the border”


  • • The opera concerns the life of Cola di Rienzi, a medieval Italian populist figure who succeeds in outwitting and then defeating the nobles and their followers and in raising the power of the people. Magnanimous at first, he is forced by events to crush the nobles' rebellion against the people's power, but popular opinion changes and even the Church, which has earlier urged him to assert himself, turns against him. In the end the populace burns the Capitol, in which Rienzi and a few adherents have made a last stand.


  • • Hitler like his peers devoured the Wild West adventures of Karl May (1842-1912)


  • • 2 yr “parasitic idleness--funded, provided for, looked after & cosseted by a doting mother...even bought him a grand piano” Kershaw, p. 20


  • • 1st 2 trips to Wien, took exams, roomed with younger sycophant, August Kubizek, “Gustl”


  • • “A’s lifestyle--the drifting existence in an egotistical fantasy-world--remained unchanged’’


  • Kershaw, p. 26


  • • returned to Wien for 3rd time










  • • homeless shelter


  • • Men’s Home=SRO hotel










  • • Ostara--probably read, certainly experienced second hand if not but never became an occultist


  • • note the little boy with pelas


  • • from FAILED artist to SUCCESSFUL soldier!


















  • •sailors arrived in trucks & proclaimed the revolution; a few Jewish youths were the “leaders” in this struggle for the”freedom, beauty, & dignity” of our nat’l existence...I could not imagine that the madness would break out in Munich too...the Fatherland had become a “republic.”...everything went black before my eyes...Since the day when I had stood at my mother’s grave, I had not wept. When in my youth Fate seized me with merciless hardness, my defiance mounted. When in the long war years Death snatched many a dear comrade from our ranks, it would have seemed to me almost a sin to complain--after all, were they not dying for Germany? And when at length the creeping gas--in the last days of the dreadful struggle--attacked me too, and began to gnaw at my eyes, and beneath the fear of going blind forever, I nearly lost heart for a moment, the voice of my conscience thundered at me: Miserable wretch, are you going to cry!...But now I could not help it.










  • • “I could ‘speak’...I led many 100s, indeed Ks, of comrades back to the people & fatherland”














  • • He could do for a living the only thing he was good at doing: speaking...Politics came to him in the Munich barracks.” Kershaw, p. 128


  • • nothing new in content--already advanced in all their essentials by pre-war Bav. Gers. “unoriginal ideas advanced in an original way” p. 133


  • • needed theatrical setting, crowds adulation, offered comp. for emptiness of pers. relations


  • • not what he said but how he said it--”Man, he’s got a mouth, we could really use him!” A Drexler at 1st meeting


  • •völkisch club of a few hundred well-heeled members, run like a masonic lodge, publisher Lehmann, G. Feder, Dietrich Eckhart, Karl Harrer,editor, M Beob Rudolf Hess, Alf Rosenberg. Rich chief, Rudolf Freiherr v. Sebottendorff--occultist, complained rank-and-file only anti-Sem.s

  • Nazi Rise to Power, Part 3; Adolf Hitler, The Early Years, 1889-1923

    1. 1. ADOLF HITLER THE EARLY YEARS 1889-1923
    2. 2. INTRODUCTION THE PROBLEM HISTORICAL APPROACHES YOUR CHALLENGE
    3. 3. THE PROBLEM “How did a former corporal get unquestioning obedience from field marshals? In a land filled with talented intelligent individuals, how did such a “zero” person whose only unquestionable gift was appealing to the baser instincts of the lower sorts of people, rise to the highest office?” (Kershaw, p.xii)This course will look at both Hitler and his adopted countrymen as we try to solve this puzzle.
    4. 4. HISTORICAL APPROACHES CONTEMPORARY IMMEDIATE POST-WAR EVALUATION LATER MORE DISPASSIONATE INTERPRETATIONS JOHN LUKACS, THE HITLER OF HISTORY SIR IAN’S BIOGRAPHY
    5. 5. DOMESTIC PROPAGANDA • FOREIGN RIDICULE • INCOMPREHENSION
    6. 6. HOLOCAUST OVERSHADOWS EVERYTHING
    7. 7. BULLOCK, 1957 • FEST, 1973 • TOLAND, 1991
    8. 8. HITLER HISTORIOGRAPHY HE WASN’T A DEMON HE WASN’T MAD ”NOT ONLY THAT, HE HAD VERY CONSIDERABLE INTELLECTUAL TALENTS. HE WAS ALSO COURAGEOUS, SELF-ASSURED, ON MANY OCCASIONS STEADFAST, LOYAL TO HIS FRIENDS & TO THOSE WORKING FOR HIM, SELF- DISCIPLINED & MODEST IN HIS PHYSICAL WANTS...GOD GAVE HITLER MANY TALENTS & STRENGTHS; & THAT IS WHY HE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR MISUSING THEM”(LUKACS, P. 44)
    9. 9. SIR IAN KERSHAW (1943- LANCASHIRE, SON OF AN R.A.F. MECHANIC PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS UNIV OF LIVERPOOL, MEDIAVALIST “Stunned by an aging Nazi's remark that quot;the Jew is a lousequot;, he decided to do some research on the social history of the Nazism.” BBC
    10. 10. quot;I can't tell you how happy I was when that bullet finally went through that bloke's [Hitler’s]head,quot; he quipped. There is no doubt that millions would agree with him
    11. 11. YOUR CHALLENGE
    12. 12. EARLY YEARS 1889-1914 BRAUNAU AM INN, 1889-92 PASSAU,, 1892-95 & LAMBACH, 1897-99 LINZ, 1899-1907 WIEN, FEB, 1908-MAY, 1913 MÜNCHEN, 1913-AUG, 1914
    13. 13. “I HONORED MY FATHER BUT I LOVED MY MOTHER”--MEIN KAMPF
    14. 14. FÜHRERSGEBURTSTAG 20 APRIL OF ALOIS & KLARA’S SIX CHILDREN ONLY ADOLF & PAULA REACHED ADULTHOOD HE HAD HALF SIBS, ALOIS, JR & ANGELA KLARA WAS THE 3RD WIFE. ALOIS, 48, SHE, 25 & PROBABLY HIS NIECE
    15. 15. LAMBACH, UPPER AUSTRIA HITLER’S SECOND SCHOOL STAFFED BY BENEDICTINE MONKS
    16. 16. PASSAU, BAVARIA DOM SANKT STEPHAN
    17. 17. LEONDING, A SUBURB OF LINZ, WHERE HITLER LIVED FROM AGE 9 TO 18, 1899-1907 3 JAN 03, ALOIS DIES OVER HIS MORNING GLASS OF WINE AT GASTHAUS WIESINGER
    18. 18. HITLER AS STUDENT “THE HAPPY PLAYFUL YOUNGSTER OF THE PRIMARY SCHOOL DAYS HAD GROWN INTO AN IDLE,RESENTFUL,REBELLIOUS, SULLEN, STUBBORN & PURPOSELESS TEENAGER” KERSHAW, P.18
    19. 19. HITLER’S HISTORY MASTER, DR. LEOPOLD PÖTSCH WAS PROMINENT IN SEVERAL NATIONALIST VEREINE AND ALSO INTRODUCED HIS BOYS TO EPIC PERIODS OF GERMAN HISTORY WITH MAGIC LANTERN SHOWS ON THE NIEBELUNGS, CHARLEMAGNE, BISMARCK, AND THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE SECOND REICH Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke, p. 193
    20. 20. WAGNER AT THE LINZ OPER HITLER’S FAVORITE ACCORDING TO HIS TEEN AGE COMPANION,AUGUST KUBIZEK, WAS “RIENZI”
    21. 21. KARL MAY DRESSED UP AS “OLD SHATTERHAND”
    22. 22. REALSCHULE DROPOUT 02-03--FAILS MATH FOR A 2ND TIME 03-04--FAILS FRENCH-->REALSCHULE AT STEYR GOOD IN P.E. & DRAWING; AGAIN FLUNKS MATH & GERMAN LANGUAGE!! AUTUMN 05, AGE 16 “SICK”-->DROPS OUT
    23. 23. VIENNA ART ACADEMY PAINTED BY HITLER
    24. 24. KLARA’S DEATH IN 1907 AFFECTED THE 18 YEAR OLD DEEPLY
    25. 25. THE NATIONALITIES QUESTION • CZECHS, NOT JEWS!
    26. 26. TAN =THE AUSTRIAN EMPIRE • PINK= THE KINGDOM OF HUNGARY
    27. 27. NADIR--1908-1913 TWICE REJECTED BY THE ACADEMY UNABLE TO ENGAGE, LIVES ON FAMILY FUNDS DOWN AND OUT BY SEPT 09, ASYLUM FÜR OBDACHLOSE MÄNNERHEIM, 500 RESIDENTS, A STEP UP PAINTS POSTCARDS TO EAT HIS SHARE OF INHERITANCE ON 24TH BIRTHDAY, 20.IV.13 TO MUNICH
    28. 28. POSTCARDS TO EKE OUT A LIVING SHÖNBRUNN PALACE HITLER’S SIGNATURE CLEARLY VISIBLE
    29. 29. THE SAME IN MÜNCHEN HOFFBRÄUHAUS, 1913 SCENE OF LATER TRIUMPHS
    30. 30. ANTI-SEMITISM AUSTRIAN? GERMAN? KARL LUEGER, “THE GREATEST GERMAN MAYOR OF ALL TIMES” “OSTARA” & LANZ V. LIEBENFELS? PROBABLY NOT “I SUDDENLY ENCOUNTERED AN APPARITION IN A BLACK KAFTAN & BLACK HAIR LOCKS...” MEIN KAMPF
    31. 31. ÖSTJUDEN RUSSIAN POGROMS BEGIN, 1880S EASTERN JEWS EMIGRATE TO WEST AUSTRIAN POSTCARD: “GUESTS AT THE SPA FROM GALICIA”
    32. 32. FROM ARTIST TO SOLDIER
    33. 33. THE FIRST WORLD WAR MADE HITLER POSSIBLE. WITHOUT THE EXPERIENCE OF WAR, THE HUMILIATION OF DEFEAT, AND THE UPHEAVAL OF REVOLUTION THE FAILED ARTIST AND SOCIAL DROPOUT WOULD NOT HAVE DISCOVERED WHAT TO DO WITH HIS LIFE BY ENTERING POLITICS AND FINDING HIS METIER AS A PROPAGANDIST AND BEER HALL DEMAGOGUE. KERSHAW, P. 73
    34. 34. MUNICH, ODEONSPLATZ, 2 AUG 1914 AN EXUBERANT 25 YEAR OLD HITLER ENLISTS IN THE BAVARIAN ARMY
    35. 35. MELDEGANGER MIT KAMERADEN THE MASCOT, FUCHSL(LITTLE FOX), WAS HIS BEST FRIEND
    36. 36. TWICE WOUNDED, DECORATED TURNED DOWN OFFER OF PROMOTION ABOVE CORPORAL (GEFREITER) JEWISH COMPANY OFFICER RECOMMENDED HIM FOR THE E.K. (IRON CROSS)1ST CLASS GASSED & HOSPITALIZED, OCT 1918
    37. 37. I CAME TO IN THE HOSPITAL IN PASEWALK IN POMERANIA, AND THERE I WAS FATED TO EXPERIENCE THE GREATEST VILLANY OF THE CENTURY. MEIN KAMPF, P.202
    38. 38. HAD THEY DIED FOR THIS, THE SOLDIERS OF AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER, 1914?...WAS IT FOR THIS THAT THESE BOYS OF SEVENTEEN SANK INTO THE EARTH OF FLANDERS? WAS THIS THE MEANING OF THE SACRIFICE WHICH THE GERMAN MOTHER MADE TO THE FATHERLAND...? DID ALL THIS HAPPEN SO THAT A GANG OF WRETCHED CRIMINALS COULD LAY HANDS ON THE FATHERLAND? MEIN KAMPF, P. 205
    39. 39. RETURN TO MUNICH, 1919 RÄTEREPUBLIK; NOV,18 -MAY,’19 WEIMAR--”THE ILL FATED EXPERIMENT OF A DEMOCRACY WITHOUT DEMOCRATS” REAL GAINERS--THE RADICAL RIGHT
    40. 40. SUMMER ’19 MÜNCHEN UNDER MILITARY RULE “ALMOST BY CHANCE HE HAD STUMBLED ACROSS HIS GREATEST TALENT.” KERSHAW, P. 124
    41. 41. SUMMER ’19 MÜNCHEN UNDER MILITARY RULE “GRUKO”(BAYRISCHER REICHSWEHR “ALMOST BY CHANCE GRUPPENKOMMANDO) HE HAD STUMBLED PROPAGANDALEUTE ACROSS HIS GREATEST TALENT.” BILDUNGSOFFIZIER KERSHAW, P. 124 LECHFELD TALKS END, 25 AUG-->BACK TO MÜNCHEN
    42. 42. GOTTFRIED FEDER (1883-1941) H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933
    43. 43. GOTTFRIED FEDER (1883-1941) H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933
    44. 44. GOTTFRIED FEDER (1883-1941) TAUGHT ANTI- BOLSHEVIK COURSE FOR ARMY, JUNE,’19 H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933
    45. 45. GOTTFRIED FEDER (1883-1941) TAUGHT ANTI- BOLSHEVIK COURSE FOR ARMY, JUNE,’19 HITLER ADMIRES HIS TITLE: BREAKING (JEWISH) INTEREST SLAVERY” H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933
    46. 46. GOTTFRIED FEDER (1883-1941) TAUGHT ANTI- BOLSHEVIK COURSE FOR ARMY, JUNE,’19 HITLER ADMIRES HIS TITLE: BREAKING (JEWISH) INTEREST SLAVERY” LATER RECRUITS FOR H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933 DAP
    47. 47. GOTTFRIED FEDER (1883-1941) TAUGHT ANTI- BOLSHEVIK COURSE FOR ARMY, JUNE,’19 HITLER ADMIRES HIS TITLE: BREAKING (JEWISH) INTEREST SLAVERY” LATER RECRUITS FOR H. HOFFMANN PHOTO, 1933 DAP HITLER’S ECON “GURU”
    48. 48. DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
    49. 49. •VÖLKISH POET & PUBLICIST DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
    50. 50. •VÖLKISH POET & PUBLICIST •ANTI-SEMITE DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
    51. 51. •VÖLKISH POET & PUBLICIST •ANTI-SEMITE •PUBLISHED ARTICLES BY FEDER & ALFRED ROSENBERG DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
    52. 52. •VÖLKISH POET & PUBLICIST •ANTI-SEMITE •PUBLISHED ARTICLES BY FEDER & ALFRED ROSENBERG •SPOKE AT DAP MEETINGS DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
    53. 53. •VÖLKISH POET & PUBLICIST •ANTI-SEMITE •PUBLISHED ARTICLES BY FEDER & ALFRED ROSENBERG •SPOKE AT DAP MEETINGS •HITLER USED HIM TO GAIN ACCESS TO VÖLKISH CIRCLES DIETRICH ECKHARDT (1868-1923) • HIS 1918 WEEKLY, AUF GUT DEUTSCH
    54. 54. ALFRED ROSENBERG (TALINN, ESTONIA,1893-HANGED,1946) GRADUATED MOSCOW UNIVERSITY, 1917 IN ARCHITECTURE FLED REVOLUTION TO PARIS, THEN MUNICH JOINED DAP, JAN,’19 IDEOLOGUE MEMBER, THULE SOCIETY
    55. 55. MILITARY POLICE SPY SURVEILANCE OF THE MORE THAN 50 PARTIES, LEFT TO RIGHT 12 SEPT, SENT TO DAP MEETING, FEDER THE SPEAKER. 7TH OR 555TH? ANTON DREXLER LETTER, 1940
    56. 56. THE BEERHALL AGITATOR “ABOVE ALL, WHAT CAME NATURALLY TO HITLER WAS TO STOKE UP THE HATRED OF OTHERS BY POURING OUT TO THEM THE HATRED THAT WAS SO DEEPLY EMBEDDED IN HIMSELF” ________________________________________________________ KERSHAW, P. 132
    57. 57. UNVARYING ESSENTIAL DRIVING-POINTS
    58. 58. UNVARYING ESSENTIAL DRIVING-POINTS NATIONALIZATION OF THE MASSES REVERSAL OF THE “GREAT BETRAYAL” OF 1918 DESTRUCTION OF GERMANY’S INTERNAL ENEMIES (ABOVE ALL, THE ‘REMOVAL’ OF THE JEWS) MATERIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL REBUILDING AS THE PREREQUISITE FOR EXTERNAL STRUGGLE & ATTAINMENT OF A POSITION OF WORLD POWER
    59. 59. VÖLKISH PARTIES DAP ONE OF 73 VÖLKISH PARTIES IN MÜNCHEN ALONE, 15 LARGEST DEUTSCHVÖLKISCHER SCHUTZ-UND-TRUTZ BUND (HAMBURG) THULE SOCIETY
    60. 60. RUDOLF FREIHERR VON SEBOTTENDORFF (1875-1945) ALIAS OF ADAM ALFRED RUDOLF GLAUER FOUGHT IN BALKAN WARS AS AN OTTOMAN CITIZEN SUFI, THEOSOPHIST, ROSICRUCIAN, TURKISH MASON, GERMANENORDEN FOUNDER OF THE THULE GESELLSCHAFT
    61. 61. THE PARTY ORGAN
    62. 62. THE PARTY ORGAN • V SEBOTTENDORFF LAUNCHED IT IN 1919 AS THE MÜNCHENER BEOBACHTER (OBSERVER);
    63. 63. THE PARTY ORGAN • V SEBOTTENDORFF LAUNCHED IT IN 1919 AS THE MÜNCHENER BEOBACHTER (OBSERVER); • RENAMED IN AUG’19 VÖLKISCHER;
    64. 64. THE PARTY ORGAN • V SEBOTTENDORFF LAUNCHED IT IN 1919 AS THE MÜNCHENER BEOBACHTER (OBSERVER); • RENAMED IN AUG’19 VÖLKISCHER; •BOUGHT BY NAZIS IN DEC’20
    65. 65. FROM SMALL BEGINNINGS 1ST MASS MEETING, HOFBRÄUHAUS 24.FEB. 20 STRIKING RED POSTERS 25 POINTS “UNALTERABLE” BUT LARGELY IGNORED PRESS IGNORED DAP BECOMES NSDAP
    66. 66. RUDOLF HEß (ALEXANDRIA, EGYPT, 1894-SPANDAU PRISON, 1987) FAMILY RETURNED TO GERMANY, 1908 WWI, INFANTRY, WOUNDED, E.K.,2ER KLASS; LT IN IMPERIAL AIR CORPS FK, VOLKSWEHR REGENSBURG, LIBERATED “RED” MUNICH, MAY’19 HEARD HITLER, MAY’20
    67. 67. MASS MEETINGS > MEMBERS BY THE END OF ’20, >30 MASS MEETINGS , 800-2,500 & MANY SMALLER GATHERINGS EARLY FEB ’21, CIRCUS KRONE, >6 THOUSAND PARTY MEMBERSHIP: JAN ‘20=190, END OF YEAR=2,000, AUG ‘21=3,300 JAN,’22=6,000, AFTER COBURG MEETING, OCT’22, WITH STREICHER’S FOLLOWERS, ALMOST 20,000
    68. 68. HITLER’S AUDIENCE AT CIRCUS KRONE 3 FEB 21 MUNICH’S LARGEST INDOOR VENUE, BUILT IN 1919
    69. 69. ERICH FRIEDRICH WM LUDENDORFF (1865-1937) VICTOR OF LIEGE & TANNENBERG, 1914 WITH HINDENBURG, MILITARY CO- DICTATORS, 1916-18 RUDOLF HEß INTRODUCES TO HITLER, MAY, 1921 INITIALLY VERY IMPRESSED 1918
    70. 70. “LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!”
    71. 71. “LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!” CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON FIST CLUB” ’20
    72. 72. “LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!” CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON FIST CLUB” ’20 BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR
    73. 73. “LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!” CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON FIST CLUB” ’20 BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR SAALSCHUTZ(HALL PROTECTION)>NOV’20 TURN UND SPORT ABTEILUNG (GYM & SPORT SECTION)
    74. 74. “LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!” CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON FIST CLUB” ’20 BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR SAALSCHUTZ(HALL PROTECTION)>NOV’20 TURN UND SPORT ABTEILUNG (GYM & SPORT SECTION) OCT’21 -- SA STURMABTEILUNG (STORM SECTION)
    75. 75. “LET’S PLAY HARDBALL!” CAPT ERNST RÖHM’S “IRON FIST CLUB” ’20 BAVARIAN PARA-MILITARY POLITICS; EINWOHNERWEHR SAALSCHUTZ(HALL PROTECTION)>NOV’20 TURN UND SPORT ABTEILUNG (GYM & SPORT SECTION) OCT’21 -- SA STURMABTEILUNG (STORM SECTION)
    76. 76. FÜHRERPARTEI
    77. 77. FÜHRERPARTEI PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED)
    78. 78. FÜHRERPARTEI PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED) HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS SUPREMACY, TANTRUMS, RESIGNS 11 JUL
    79. 79. FÜHRERPARTEI PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED) HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS SUPREMACY, TANTRUMS, RESIGNS 11 JUL ECKHARDT & DREXLER ASK HIS TERMS TO REJOIN
    80. 80. FÜHRERPARTEI PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED) HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS SUPREMACY, TANTRUMS, RESIGNS 11 JUL ECKHARDT & DREXLER ASK HIS TERMS TO REJOIN “POST OF CHAIRMAN WITH DICTATORIAL POWERS”
    81. 81. FÜHRERPARTEI PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED) HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS SUPREMACY, TANTRUMS, RESIGNS 11 JUL ECKHARDT & DREXLER ASK HIS TERMS TO REJOIN “POST OF CHAIRMAN WITH DICTATORIAL POWERS” REJOINS 26 JUL 21 AS MEMBER # 3680
    82. 82. FÜHRERPARTEI PERPETUALLY SHORT OF MONEY, DREXLER PROPOSES MERGER WITH DSP (NORTH GERMAN BASED) HITLER FEARS LOSING HIS SUPREMACY, TANTRUMS, RESIGNS 11 JUL ECKHARDT & DREXLER ASK HIS TERMS TO REJOIN “POST OF CHAIRMAN WITH DICTATORIAL POWERS” REJOINS 26 JUL 21 AS MEMBER # 3680 NEW-STYLE PARTY, A FÜHRERPARTEI
    83. 83. STADELHEIM PRISON HITLER JAILED 24 JUN-27 JUL 22 FOR LÖWENBRAUKELLER RIOT. MANY MORE RIOTS-->”GOOD PUBLICITY”
    84. 84. COBURG, FRANCONIA RALLY 14-15 OCT 22 GREAT SUCCESS > JULIUS STREICHER & HIS FOLLOWERS JOIN. MORE THAN DOUBLES MEMBERSHIP OF NSDAP
    85. 85. DER STÜRMER ADDED A SECOND MEDIUM FOR NAZI PROPAGANDA
    86. 86. HERMANN GÖRING (1893-1946) WINNER OF THE BLUE MAX, SUCCESSOR TO V. RICHTHOFEN, JOINS THE NSDAP AFTER THE COBURG RALLY
    87. 87. ERNST “PUTZI” HANFSTENGL (MUNICH, 1887-1975) GERMAN FATHER, WEALTHY & FAMOUS ART PUBLISHER AMERICAN MOTHER, DESCENDED FROM TWO CIVIL WAR GENERALS HARVARD, ’09 ASKED TO SPY ON HITLER, FELL UNDER HIS SPELL IMPORTANT SOCIAL ENTRE FOR HITLER
    88. 88. THE “DRUMMER” ICH BIN NICHTS ALS TROMMLER UND SAMMLER (I AM NOTHING BUT A DRUMMER AND RALLIER) -- HITLER, 1922 “OUR TASK IS TO GIVE THE DICTATOR, WHEN HE COMES, A PEOPLE READY FOR HIM!” -- SPEECH 4 MAY 23 “NOT FROM MODESTY, DID I WANT AT THAT TIME TO BE THE DRUMMER. THAT IS THE HIGHEST THERE IS. THE REST IS UNIMPORTANT.” --HITLER, AT HIS TRIAL, 27.III.24
    89. 89. BAVARIA
    90. 90. BAVARIA
    91. 91. BAVARIA “READINESS TO TOLERATE VIOLENCE PARADOXICALLY SEEN TO BE SERVING THE INTERESTS OF A RETURN TO ORDER AND NORMALITY” HAVEN FOR VEHME MURDERERS (CAPT. H. EHRHARDT’S ORGANIZATION CONSUL --354 MURDERS, 1919-22) “BLUE-WHITE” PARTICULARISM VS “RED” JEW BERLIN/ WEIMAR “THE MISSION OF SAVING THE REICH FROM SOCIALISM”
    92. 92. 400,000 MEN WITH 2 1/2 MILLION WEAPONS
    93. 93. GERMANY WAS NOT THE ONLY COUNTRY AFFLICTED WITH PARAMILITARY GROUPS. HITLER AND THE OTHER EXTREMISTS TOOK NOTE OF THE EASE WITH WHICH MUSSOLINI OVERTHREW THE CONSTITUTIONAL GOVERNMENT OF ITALY. FASCISTI “MARCH ON ROME”, OCTOBER 28, 1922
    94. 94. FRENCH OCCUPY THE RUHR 1ST OCCUPATION; MAY, 1920 2ND; MÄRZ, ’21 3RD; JAN 11, 1923 GOVT CALLS FOR PASSIVE RESISTANCE SENDS IN “BLACK REICHSWEHR”
    95. 95. NSDAP’S 1ST MARTYR ALBERT LEO SCHLAGETER, E.K., 2ER & 1ER KLASS, (1894-1923)
    96. 96. VÖLKISCHER BEOBACHTER JUNE 11, 1923 COMEMORATING SCHLAGETER’S EXECUTION
    97. 97. • RUHR STRIKES FEED HYPERINFLATION •GOVERNMENT ORDERS END TO PASSIVE RESISTANCE, 26 SEPTEMBER • CENTRIST CHANCELLOR CUNO RESIGNS • CONSERVATIVE, THOUGH DEMOCRATIC GUSTAV STRESEMANN REPLACES HIM WOMAN FUELS FURNACE WITH WORTHLESS PAPER MONEY
    98. 98. BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE, OR HITLER-PUTSCH? THREE MAJOR PLAYERS
    99. 99. BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE, OR HITLER-PUTSCH? THREE MAJOR PLAYERS G. V. KAHR’S OFFICIAL STATE FORCES
    100. 100. BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE, OR HITLER-PUTSCH? THREE MAJOR PLAYERS G. V. KAHR’S OFFICIAL STATE FORCES H. EHRHARDT’S WIKINGER BUND
    101. 101. BEER HALL, FELDHERRNHALLE, OR HITLER-PUTSCH? THREE MAJOR PLAYERS G. V. KAHR’S OFFICIAL STATE FORCES H. EHRHARDT’S WIKINGER BUND HITLER’S KAMPFBUND (LUDENDORFF, KNEBEL, RÖHM)
    102. 102. 8 NOVEMBER 1923 V KAHR’S SPEECH FORCES HITLER’S HAND, 8 NOV 23
    103. 103. LUDENDORFF ALLOWS THE TRIO TO LEAVE DRESSED THAT NIGHT IN TWEED “CIVIES” TOLD HITLER HE HAD THEIR WORD AS GENTLEMEN THE PUTSCH UNRAVELS
    104. 104. SOME THINGS GO WELL ALTE KÄMPFER RÖHM SEIZES THE WAR MINISTRY IN LUDWIGSTRAßE & SURROUNDS IT WITH BARBED WIRE
    105. 105. FORCES FROM OUTSIDE ARRIVE “...INCLUDING A STRONG CONTINGENT FROM LANDSHUT LED BY GREGOR STRASSER.” JONES, P. 257
    106. 106. 1200 9 NOV 23 THE MARCH FROM THE BÜRGER BRÄU KELLER BEGINS
    107. 107. FELDHERRNHALLE--FIELDMARSHALLS HALL, BUILT 1840S
    108. 108. PUTSCH LEADERS AWAITING TRIAL LT TO RT: HEINZ PERNET, FRIEDRICH WEBER, WILHELM FRICK, HERMANN KREHBIEL, LUDENDORFF, HITLER, WILHELM BRÜCKNER, RÖHM, ROBT H WAGNER
    109. 109. THIS SHOULD HAVE BEEN THE END OF THE STORY, BUT...
    110. 110. HELDENTEMPEL • BÜRGER BRÄU KELLER COMMEMORATIVE, 1933

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