Napoleon Part 2; session 1 intro

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This is the introduction to the first session of my class on Napoleon, Part 2 (1807-1821)

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  • Napoleon Part 2; session 1 intro

    1. 1. Napoleon Part 2 session i Apogee(the high point of an orbit)
    2. 2. Napoleon Part 2 session i Apogee(the high point of an orbit)
    3. 3. course outlinei-Apogeeii-Spainiii-Wellingtoniv-Russiav-Sixth Coalitionvi-Völkerschlachtvii-The Hundred Daysviii-Waterloo & St Helena
    4. 4. Major points from last spring
    5. 5. Major points from last springthe Corsican Buonaparte became a Frenchman during the FrenchRevolution, he was both its loyal son and later its destroyeras a 26-year-old military prodigy, he defeated Austria’s four bestgenerals in the first Italian campaignthe Boulogne camp was to be the base for the attack on England.Instead it became the birthplace for the Grand ArmyNelson showed superior abilities at Trafalgar. Thereafter there wasnever serious fear that Britain would be invadedAusterlitz, the premier Napoleonic battle, showed all his abilitiesPrussia was completely defeated at Jena-Auerstadt. The long termoutcome was reforms which made her the 19th centurypowerhouse
    6. 6. Major points in this session
    7. 7. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
    8. 8. Review of last spring’s sessions
    9. 9. =
    10. 10. =
    11. 11. his first national notice 1793
    12. 12. The Demonstration of 13 Vendemiaire Napoleon delivers “a whiff of grapeshot” October 1795
    13. 13. Joséphine
    14. 14. the petit caporal sights one of his guns First Italian Campaign, 1796-1797
    15. 15. the myth of Arcola
    16. 16. the Revolution comes to Italy
    17. 17. battle of the Pyramids, 1798
    18. 18. the battle of the Nile 1798
    19. 19. the battle of the Nile 1798
    20. 20. Napoleon seizes power, 1799 -- the heroic version
    21. 21. Napoleon gets the land; Pitt, the seas
    22. 22. Remember the three-legged stool of British foreign policy?
    23. 23. Remember the three-legged stool of British foreign policy?1-maintain the balance of 2-keep the mouth of thepower on the Continent Scheldt River in friendly/ weak hands 3- sea power
    24. 24. Captain Horatio Nelson (picture painted in1781)
    25. 25. The Battle ofCopenhagen, 1801
    26. 26. Suvorov’s Journey across the Alps in 1799
    27. 27. sessions remainingii-Spainiii-Wellingtoniv-Russiav-Sixth Coalitionvi-Völkerschlachtvii-The Hundred Daysviii-Waterloo & St Helena
    28. 28. Major points from last spring
    29. 29. Major points from last springthe Corsican Buonaparte became a Frenchman during the FrenchRevolution, he was both its loyal son and later its destroyeras a 26-year-old military prodigy, he defeated Austria’s four bestgenerals in the first Italian campaignthe Boulogne camp was to be the base for the attack on England.Instead it became the birthplace for the Grand ArmyNelson showed superior abilities at Trafalgar. Thereafter there wasnever serious fear that Britain would be invadedAusterlitz, the premier Napoleonic battle, showed all his abilitiesPrussia was completely defeated at Jena-Auerstadt. The long termoutcome was reforms which made her the 19th centurypowerhouse
    30. 30. Major points in this session
    31. 31. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
    32. 32. The Consulate, 1799-1801
    33. 33. David’s famous picture of the 2nd Italian campaign
    34. 34. his logo as Premier Consul 1801-1804
    35. 35. FouchéChief of Police
    36. 36. peace with England, 1802-1803
    37. 37. Talleyrand
    38. 38. Under a vague symbolrepresenting the Deity, Bonaparte grants religious toleration to every sort of creed
    39. 39. Pope Pius VIIthe Concordat with Rome 1801
    40. 40. Sacre de lempereur Napoléon Ier et couronnement de limpératrice Joséphine dans la cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris, le 2 décembre 1804 Jacques-Louis David, 1805-1808
    41. 41. Napoléon Ier sur le trône impérial Jean Auguste Dominic Ingres 1806
    42. 42. « First distribution of the Légion of Honor at the Boulogne camp »
    43. 43. diagram of the bargesintended for the British invasion
    44. 44. Major points in this session
    45. 45. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
    46. 46. England mocks “Boney”
    47. 47. Nelson chases Villeneuve March-October, 1805
    48. 48. “England expects that every man will do his duty” Trafalgar, 1805
    49. 49. Nelson’s memorial Copenhagen the Nile Trafalgar
    50. 50. The Oath the Army makes to the Emperor after the distribution of the Eagles on the Field of Mars
    51. 51. the Emperor’s military household
    52. 52. Napoleon’s care for his soldiers the first field ambulances
    53. 53. a mobile field kitchen“the Armée marches on its stomach”
    54. 54. Austrian General Mack surrenders at Ulm
    55. 55. Austerlitz2 December 1805
    56. 56. Major points in this session
    57. 57. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power
    58. 58. Napoleon’s monument to Austerlitz
    59. 59. Napoleon’sConfederation of the Rhine, 1806-1813
    60. 60. Prussian King Frederick William III
    61. 61. Officers of the élite Prussian Guard, wishing to provoke war, ostentatiously sharpen their swords on the steps of the French embassy in Berlin in the autumn of 1805.
    62. 62. Officers of the élite Prussian Guard, wishing to provoke war, ostentatiously sharpen their swords on the steps of the French embassy in Berlin in the autumn of 1805.
    63. 63. Bonaparte enters Berlin
    64. 64. Napoleon’s monument to Jena
    65. 65. Preview of this week’s session
    66. 66. The Grand Duchy of Warsaw
    67. 67. Eylau, February 1807
    68. 68. Friedland, June 1807
    69. 69. the raft at Tilsit
    70. 70. Napoleon & Alexander charmone another
    71. 71. Prussiankönigin Luise by Vigee Lebrun
    72. 72. TheContinental System
    73. 73. TheContinental System
    74. 74. Viceroy of Italy Eugene deBeauharnais
    75. 75. JosephBonaparte King of Naples
    76. 76. LouisBonaparte King of Holland
    77. 77. JeromeBonaparte King ofWestphalia
    78. 78. Emperor Francis I of Austria
    79. 79. Emperor Francis I of Austria
    80. 80. Wagram, July 1809
    81. 81. MarshalMacDonald’s Great Square
    82. 82. MarshalMacDonald’s Great Square
    83. 83. Britain’s failed Walcheren expedition, 1809
    84. 84. Tyrolean patriot Andreas Hofer executed
    85. 85. Major points in this session
    86. 86. Major points in this sessionNapoleon’s Polish campaign once again humbled Prussia and RussiaEylau was a bloody draw but Friedland was a decisive victorythe Peace of Tilsit left only Britain to frustrate Napoleonhis solution was the Continental System. Thus he hoped to win thewar at sea with a land-based strategyinstead this economic warfare proved his undoingBritain and Austria produced yet a Fifth Coalitionat Wagram, Napoleon avenged his defeat at Aspern-Essling and, forthe umpteenth time, humiliated the House of Habsburg. At a bloodycost, he reached the apogee of his military power

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