Western Imperialism


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Western Imperialism

  1. 1. Western Imperialism<br />The Scramble for Africa<br />
  2. 2. Bell Ringer<br />When we talked about Exploration, we talked about the “3 G’s” as motives. What are the 3 G’s?<br />
  3. 3. New Imperialism<br />European powers conquered the world<br />The 3 G’s Revisited<br />God: missionaries on a quest for conversion<br />Gold: new markets & resources<br />Glory: rivalries & nationalism <br />
  4. 4. Imperialism<br />Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker (not necessarily smaller) nations <br />Economically<br />Politically<br />Culturally<br />Militarily <br />
  5. 5. 4 Main Factors in the Growth of Imperialism<br />Economic<br />Nationalistic<br />Military <br />Humanitarian <br />
  6. 6. Economic Factors<br />Industrialization created a need for more natural resources<br />Where were most natural resources found?<br />
  7. 7. Underdeveloped Countries<br />Asia<br />Africa<br />
  8. 8. Military Factors<br />Advances in technology<br />Stronger armies & navies<br />Need for military bases<br />Africans & Asians could not compete<br />
  9. 9. Nationalistic Factors<br />Nationalism = a devotion to one’s nation<br />Feelings of superiority<br />White man = “civilized”<br />Africans & Asians = “uncivilized”<br />“The White Man’s Burden” (Rudyard Kipling) <br />
  10. 10. White Man’s Burden<br />By Rudyard Kipling<br />
  11. 11. White man’s burden<br />According to Kipling, and in your own words, what was the "White Man’s Burden"?<br />2. What reward did Kipling suggest the "White Man" get for carrying his "burden"?<br />3. Who did Kipling think would read his poem? What do you think that this audience might have said in response to it? <br />
  12. 12. Political Cartoon: The White Man’s Burden<br />
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  15. 15. Genocide<br />Many indigenous people slaughtered when trying to defend land<br />Algiers (France): 850,000 natives killed <br />German colonies: Extermination order <br />British: killing in India was “too easy” – like hunting<br />
  16. 16. Anti-Imperialists<br />Opposition to the brutal treatment of indigenous people<br />Tended to be made up of Liberals <br />
  17. 17. Social Imperialism<br />Economically determined<br />Export social & political problems to colonies<br />Unemployed<br />Socialists<br />Strong pro-imperialism argument<br />
  18. 18. africa<br />The Mysterious <br />“Dark Continent” <br />
  19. 19. How the scramble began<br />1870s<br /><ul><li> Belgian King Leopold II- established trade with native Africans in the Congo
  20. 20. This single act began an Imperialistic frenzy to Africa</li></li></ul><li>The Berlin Conference<br /><ul><li>Where: Berlin (surprise), Germany
  21. 21. When: 1884-1885
  22. 22. Who: The US and 14 European nations
  23. 23. Missing: Africans (weren’t invited!)
  24. 24. Purpose: to avoid potential conflict in Africa</li></li></ul><li>Created the following guidelines:<br /><ul><li>Any sovereign power that wanted to claim any territory should inform the other powers
  25. 25. Any such annexation should be validated by effective occupation
  26. 26. Treaties with African rulers were to be considered a valid title to sovereignty</li></li></ul><li>
  27. 27. King Leopold II<br />Belgium<br />
  28. 28. Political cartoons<br />