Western Imperialism

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  • Prior to the 1870s, not much was known about Africa – particularly the interior
  • Western Imperialism

    1. 1. Western Imperialism<br />The Scramble for Africa<br />
    2. 2. Imperialism<br />Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker (not necessarily smaller) nations <br />Economically<br />Politically<br />Culturally<br />Militarily <br />
    3. 3. 4 Main Factors in the Growth of Imperialism<br />Economic<br />Nationalistic<br />Military <br />Humanitarian <br />
    4. 4. Economic Factors<br />Industrialization created a need for more natural resources<br />Where were most natural resources found?<br />
    5. 5. Underdeveloped Countries<br />Asia<br />Africa<br />
    6. 6. Military Factors<br />Advances in technology<br />Stronger armies & navies<br />Need for military bases<br />Africans & Asians could not compete<br />
    7. 7. Nationalistic Factors<br />Nationalism = a devotion to one’s nation<br />Feelings of superiority<br />White man = “civilized”<br />Africans & Asians = “uncivilized”<br />“The White Man’s Burden” (Rudyard Kipling) <br />
    8. 8. White Man’s Burden<br />By Rudyard Kipling<br />
    9. 9. White man’s burden<br />According to Kipling, and in your own words, what was the &quot;White Man’s Burden&quot;?<br />2. What reward did Kipling suggest the &quot;White Man&quot; get for carrying his &quot;burden&quot;?<br />3. Who did Kipling think would read his poem? What do you think that this audience might have said in response to it? <br />
    10. 10. Political Cartoon: The White Man’s Burden<br />
    11. 11.
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    13. 13. africa<br />The Mysterious <br />“Dark Continent” <br />
    14. 14. How the scramble began<br />1870s<br /><ul><li> Belgian King Leopold II- established trade with native Africans in the Congo
    15. 15. This single act began an Imperialistic frenzy to Africa</li></li></ul><li>The Berlin Conference<br /><ul><li>Where: Berlin (surprise), Germany
    16. 16. When: 1884-1885
    17. 17. Who: The US and 14 European nations
    18. 18. Missing: Africans (weren’t invited!)
    19. 19. Purpose: to avoid potential conflict in Africa</li></li></ul><li>Created the following guidelines:<br /><ul><li>Any sovereign power that wanted to claim any territory should inform the other powers
    20. 20. Any such annexation should be validated by effective occupation
    21. 21. Treaties with African rulers were to be considered a valid title to sovereignty</li></li></ul><li>
    22. 22. King Leopold II<br />Belgium<br />
    23. 23. Political cartoons<br />
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    31. 31. Bell ringer<br />What are the 4 main causes of the growth of Imperialism in the late 1800s? <br />
    32. 32. Bell ringer<br /><ul><li>What are the 4 main causes in the growth of Imperialism in the late 1800s? </li></ul>Economic factors<br />Political/militaristic factors<br />Humanitarian/religious factors<br />Social Darwinism<br />
    33. 33. Your assignment…<br /><ul><li>Write a letter…
    34. 34. You are to write a letter home (2 paragraphs) as if you were an African writing to a friend in another country explaining what has just happened in your country and how you feel.
    35. 35. Use at least 5 facts you learned in class about imperialism.
    36. 36. Be certain to explain HOW you feel and WHY you feel that way, now that the British/French/etc. have taken over your country. Creativity and believability are the keys to this part. (10 points)
    37. 37. Create a political cartoon…</li>

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