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The Italian Renaissance

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The Italian Renaissance

  1. 1. The Italian Renaissance<br />
  2. 2. Defining the Renaissance<br />Renaissance = “rebirth”<br />1350-1600 (250 yrs.)<br />Italian Renaissance - the period of European history that began in Italy and spread to the rest of Europe<br />
  3. 3. Characteristics of the Renaissance<br />Renaissance Italy - mostly an urban society<br /><ul><li>Powerful city-states became centers of Italian political, economic & social life
  4. 4. See map - pg. 163
  5. 5. Result - an emergence of secular, or worldly, society as increased wealth created new enjoyment of material things</li></li></ul><li>Characteristics (cont.)<br />2. Age of recovery from 14th C. disasters<br /><ul><li>Black Plague
  6. 6. Political instability
  7. 7. Decline in Church power
  8. 8. Result - rebirth of interest in classical antiquity, (ancient Greek & Roman culture) which affected politics & art</li></li></ul><li>Characteristics (cont.)<br />3. Individualism<br /><ul><li>Emphasis on individual ability
  9. 9. High regard for human worth
  10. 10. Realization of what individuals could achieve</li></li></ul><li>Characteristics (cont.)<br />4. Humanism<br /><ul><li>Based on study of the classics & the literary works of ancient Greece & Rome
  11. 11. Studied grammar rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy & history (the humanities)</li></li></ul><li>Humanism (cont.)<br /><ul><li>Petrarch - Father of Italian Renaissance humanism
  12. 12. Stressed:
  13. 13. Intellect
  14. 14. Civic involvement</li></li></ul><li>Renaissance Geo-Political Life<br />Italian City-States<br /><ul><li>No central, unified monarchical state
  15. 15. Lack of single strong ruler - easy for C-S to remain independent
  16. 16. Milan
  17. 17. Venice expanded & played critical
  18. 18. Florence roles in Italian politics
  19. 19. Prospered in terms of trade</li></li></ul><li>Milan (Milano)<br /><ul><li>Visconti Family - dukes of Milan/ Lombardi
  20. 20. Viscontis died off - Sforzas conquered
  21. 21. Sforza -
  22. 22. Efficient tax system = large state revenues
  23. 23. hired mercenaries (soldiers who sold their services)
  24. 24. Pair & Share:
  25. 25. What would be 1 advantage & 1 disadvantage of hiring mercenaries?</li></li></ul><li>
  26. 26. Venice (Venezia)<br /><ul><li>Link btwn. Asia & W. Europe = profitable trade empire & international power
  27. 27. Officially a republic w/ elected leader
  28. 28. Realistically run by small group of wealthy merchant aristocrats who ran gov’t for own benefit</li></li></ul><li>
  29. 29. Florence (Firenze)<br /><ul><li>Powerhouse of Tuscany
  30. 30. de Medici Family
  31. 31. Bankers
  32. 32. Used power, wealth, & personal influence to make Florence the cultural center of Italy
  33. 33. Birthplace of the Renaissance</li></li></ul><li>
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37. Renaissance Society<br />Read pgs. 166-169<br />Group Activity<br />Group 1: Nobility<br />Group 2: Patricians & Burghers<br />Group 3: Peasants & Workers <br />Group 4: Marriage & Family Life<br />Use Newsprint & Marker to outline general information and the roles played by your topic in Renaissance society<br />You will have 10 minutes to do this, then will present to the class (all to take notes)<br />
  38. 38. Machiavelli & Politics<br />Niccolò Machiavelli<br />Wrote The Prince<br />A “how to” guide for rulers<br />One of THE most influential books ever written<br />
  39. 39. Homework<br />Worksheet: Read excerpt from Machiavelli’s The Prince and answer the 3 questions that follow<br />

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