Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Religious Crises in Europe


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Religious Crises in Europe

  1. 1. Religious Crises in Europe<br />“Ding dong the witch is dead…”<br />
  2. 2. Spanish Inquisition<br />1478-1834<br />Targeted Jews, Moors (Spanish Muslims) & to some extent Protestants<br />Religious & Political Purposes:<br />Religious: to rid Spain of non-Catholics (heretics)<br />Political: to gain land (increase state revenue without raising taxes)<br />
  3. 3. Spanish Inquisition<br />Synonymous with bloody, torturous reign of terror<br />Responsible for countless executions<br />Video: Spanish Inquisition<br />
  4. 4. Militant Catholicism in Spain<br />Phillip II (r. 1556-1598)<br />Son of HRE Charles V<br />Championed Catholic causes throughout Europe <br />Waged Holy Wars<br />The “Most Catholic King”<br />
  5. 5. Spain & the Netherlands<br />Spanish Netherlands (today’s Netherlands & Belgium)<br />Phillip tried to:<br />Tighten his control<br />Crush Calvinism<br />Dutch rebelled violently (1566-1609)<br />Led by William the Silent (prince of Orange)<br />Ended with truce that created the modern Dutch state<br />
  6. 6. Spain vs. England<br />England Under Elizabeth I<br />Golden Age<br />Moderate Protestant (some degree of tolerance for Catholics)<br />Goal (foreign policy) - to maintain a balance of power <br />Spain & France = biggest threats<br />Would support whichever was weaker<br />
  7. 7. Holy War<br />Phillip II declared Holy War on Elizabeth I (1588)<br />Why?<br />Spain vs. England (political)<br />Phillip II vs. Elizabeth I (personal)<br />Catholicism vs. Protestantism (religious)<br />
  8. 8. The Spanish Armada<br />Spanish Armada set sail to invade England<br />Most powerful Navy in the world<br />English met them in the English Channel (their only hope to impede a land invasion)<br />England & Elizabeth face likely disaster…<br />Movie Clip from “Elizabeth: The Golden Age”<br />
  9. 9. Defeat of the Spanish Armada<br />Why did Spain lose?<br />Superstitious answer: God liked Protestants more<br />Realistic answers:<br />Spanish not used to rough waters of the Channel<br />England used fire ships to divide the Armada & burn many of its ships<br />Weather favored English cause – storms ravaged the surviving Spanish ships near Scotland & Ireland<br />
  10. 10. Witchcraft Trials<br />Spanish Inquisition & hunt for heretics led to witch hunts<br />16th-17th C. - witch hysteria<br />100,000+ charged, tortured & killed<br />
  11. 11. Witches<br />Who was accused?<br />Commoners (poor)<br />Apx. 75% women<br />Single or widowed<br />Over 50<br />
  12. 12. Witch Trials In Europe<br />Handout <br />
  13. 13. Thirty Years War<br /><ul><li>1618-1648
  14. 14. Series of declared & undeclared wars
  15. 15. Austrian & Spanish Hapsburgs vs.
  16. 16. Danish
  17. 17. Dutch
  18. 18. France
  19. 19. Sweden
  20. 20. Some German principalities (civil war - others fought with Hapsburgs)</li></li></ul><li>Religion in the TYW<br />Also religious war - Catholics vs. Protestants<br />Peace of Augsburg<br />Did not recognize Calvinism<br />
  21. 21. Treaty of Westphalia<br />Ended the Thirty Years War<br />Significant because…<br />IT ALSO ENDED THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE!<br />