The French Revolution<br />liberté égalitéfraternité<br />
Madame Guillotine<br />Nicknamed “The National Razor” <br />Primary method of execution during the Terror because it was t...
Maximilien Robespierre<br />Born in Arras, France<br />Lawyer<br />Founder of French Democracy<br />“The Incorruptible”<br />
Staunch disciple of Rousseau (The Social Contract)<br />Wanted the monarchy abolished in favor of a Democracy<br />Wanted ...
The End of the Monarchy<br />September 22, 1792, the monarchy in France was officially abolished<br />The First Republic o...
    The End of Louis XVI <br />December 11, 1792 Louis XVI was put on trial for violating the rights of his subjects<br />...
Louis XVI’s ExecutionJanuary 21, 1793<br />
Discontent of the Sans-Culottes<br />The execution of Louis did not solve France’s problems<br />The National Assembly, no...
Problems…<br />The value of assignats (French paper currency) used to finance the revolution had fallen by 50%<br />There ...
Problems (cont.)…<br />France was on the brink of civil war, not to mention they were at war with Austria, Prussia, Hollan...
Problems (cont.)…<br />While this helped out with the crisis France was in, this is also when things took a radical turn<b...
The Republic of Virtue<br />1793-1794<br />Under leadership of Robespierre<br />Goal - de-Christianize France:<br />Close ...
Revolutionary<br />Clock<br />
Republic of Virtue (cont.)<br />The ROV also strove to:<br />detest bad faith and despotism<br />punish tyrants and traito...
Reign of Terror<br />Extremes measures were taken in order to reach their goal<br />This time period (1793-1794) is known ...
Committee of Public Safety<br />Created by the NC in April of 1793, it had 9 members (later it would have 12)<br />It was ...
Trial of Marie Antoinette<br />Accused of immorality & treason<br />Tried October 14-15, 1793<br />
Marie Antoinette’s ExecutionOctober 16, 1793<br />
Homework<br />Marie Antoinette Bio Worksheet<br />Due next class<br />
Bell Ringer<br />Describe life during the Reign of Terror<br />Discuss with your partner<br />1 minute<br />
	The End of the Terror(and subsequently Robespierre)<br />
It’s All Going Terribly Wrong…<br />	“Part of the problem for the leaders of the revolution was that they represented a bo...
Enough is Enough<br />Not long until <br />the revolutionaries turned on each other<br />the masses became fed up<br />Rob...
The Downward Spiral Begins<br />April 1794: The Jacobins wiped out the better part of the Girondins <br />In his attempt t...
Cult of the Supreme Being<br />Although Robespierre wished to de-Christianize France, he mostly wanted to get rid of the C...
Really? He Did What?<br />Festival included:<br />Choir of 2,400 children<br />Choir of blind children<br />Monumental eff...
The Story of the Carmelite Nuns<br />
Robespierre’s Demise<br />Festival perceived as a departure from reality by many<br />He appeared before the NC saying, “P...
Arrested<br />NC voted to arrest Robespierre and several other Jacobins<br />In a skirmish/suicide attempt (?) Robespierre...
9th - 10th of Thermidor, Year II (July 27, 1794)<br />
Lasting Impact <br />The Rights of Man<br />Democracy<br />The new Republic<br />The Modern State<br />
The Directory<br />With the Terror at an end, the NC moved in a more conservative direction<br />Limited power of Committe...
The Directory (1795-1799)<br />Committee of 5 <br />Chosen by Council of Elders<br />Became very corrupt thereby gaining m...
French Revolution - Part 2
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French Revolution - Part 2

  1. 1. The French Revolution<br />liberté égalitéfraternité<br />
  2. 2.
  3. 3. Madame Guillotine<br />Nicknamed “The National Razor” <br />Primary method of execution during the Terror because it was thought to be “more humane”<br />
  4. 4. Maximilien Robespierre<br />Born in Arras, France<br />Lawyer<br />Founder of French Democracy<br />“The Incorruptible”<br />
  5. 5. Staunch disciple of Rousseau (The Social Contract)<br />Wanted the monarchy abolished in favor of a Democracy<br />Wanted to de-Christianize France in favor of Reason<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7. The End of the Monarchy<br />September 22, 1792, the monarchy in France was officially abolished<br />The First Republic of France was born!<br />
  8. 8. The End of Louis XVI <br />December 11, 1792 Louis XVI was put on trial for violating the rights of his subjects<br />He was found guilty & sentenced to death<br />The order for Louis XVI to appear before the National Convention on December 11, 1792<br />
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11. Louis XVI’s ExecutionJanuary 21, 1793<br />
  12. 12.
  13. 13.
  14. 14. Discontent of the Sans-Culottes<br />The execution of Louis did not solve France’s problems<br />The National Assembly, now known as the National Convention, faced enormous problems<br />
  15. 15. Problems…<br />The value of assignats (French paper currency) used to finance the revolution had fallen by 50%<br />There was still price inflation and continued food shortages<br />
  16. 16. Problems (cont.)…<br />France was on the brink of civil war, not to mention they were at war with Austria, Prussia, Holland, Spain, and Great Britain<br />Finally, in June 1793, the Jacobins took over power in the National Convention, as well as the nation<br />
  17. 17. Problems (cont.)…<br />While this helped out with the crisis France was in, this is also when things took a radical turn<br />Although the Jacobins were a group of many, one man stepped forth as their leader; Maximilien Robespierre<br />
  18. 18. The Republic of Virtue<br />1793-1794<br />Under leadership of Robespierre<br />Goal - de-Christianize France:<br />Close or sell churches<br />Created a new calendar with the first day beginning on Sept. 22, 1792 <br />
  19. 19. Revolutionary<br />Clock<br />
  20. 20. Republic of Virtue (cont.)<br />The ROV also strove to:<br />detest bad faith and despotism<br />punish tyrants and traitors<br />assist the unfortunate and respect the weak<br />defend the oppressed<br />do all the good one can to one&apos;s neighbor<br />behave with justice towards all men<br />
  21. 21. Reign of Terror<br />Extremes measures were taken in order to reach their goal<br />This time period (1793-1794) is known as the “Reign of Terror”<br />Anyone considered an enemy of the state was arrested, tried, and usually executed<br />
  22. 22. Committee of Public Safety<br />Created by the NC in April of 1793, it had 9 members (later it would have 12)<br />It was formed as an administrative body to supervise and expedite the work of the NC but became the central power in the FR<br />Responsible for the executions of approximately 40,000 French citizens<br />
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27. Trial of Marie Antoinette<br />Accused of immorality & treason<br />Tried October 14-15, 1793<br />
  28. 28. Marie Antoinette’s ExecutionOctober 16, 1793<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35. Homework<br />Marie Antoinette Bio Worksheet<br />Due next class<br />
  36. 36. Bell Ringer<br />Describe life during the Reign of Terror<br />Discuss with your partner<br />1 minute<br />
  37. 37. The End of the Terror(and subsequently Robespierre)<br />
  38. 38. It’s All Going Terribly Wrong…<br /> “Part of the problem for the leaders of the revolution was that they represented a bourgeoisie who were a minority of the population. The Montagnards were a minority within that minority. Now even that minority was fragmenting, so each faction became gradually aware that, for an even smaller minority to impose its will, it would need to eliminate the other factions decisively.”<br />Mark Steel in Vive La Revolution<br />
  39. 39. Enough is Enough<br />Not long until <br />the revolutionaries turned on each other<br />the masses became fed up<br />Robespierre made one too many enemies<br />
  40. 40. The Downward Spiral Begins<br />April 1794: The Jacobins wiped out the better part of the Girondins <br />In his attempt to de-Christianize France, Robespierre became involved in creating a new state religion “The Cult of the Supreme Being”<br />
  41. 41. Cult of the Supreme Being<br />Although Robespierre wished to de-Christianize France, he mostly wanted to get rid of the Catholic Church<br />He despised atheism, and so created a religion based on reason, social awareness, and democratic ideals<br />To kick off his new religion, he held a Festival of the Supreme Being in June 1794<br />
  42. 42. Really? He Did What?<br />Festival included:<br />Choir of 2,400 children<br />Choir of blind children<br />Monumental effigy of Atheism was set on fire revealing a monument to Wisdom inside<br />Procession of apx. 300,000 people to the Champs des Mars -<br />50 foot tall paper mâché statue of Hercules<br />
  43. 43. The Story of the Carmelite Nuns<br />
  44. 44.
  45. 45.
  46. 46. Robespierre’s Demise<br />Festival perceived as a departure from reality by many<br />He appeared before the NC saying, “People! You should be informed that there exists within your bosom a league of scoundrels who are at war with public virtue!”<br />Refused to say who. Why is this a problem?<br />
  47. 47. Arrested<br />NC voted to arrest Robespierre and several other Jacobins<br />In a skirmish/suicide attempt (?) Robespierre ended up with a bullet in the jaw<br />Several other Jacobins (including Robespierre’s brother) successfully committed suicide<br />Those who remained alive, didn’t do so for long…<br />
  48. 48.
  49. 49. 9th - 10th of Thermidor, Year II (July 27, 1794)<br />
  50. 50.
  51. 51. Lasting Impact <br />The Rights of Man<br />Democracy<br />The new Republic<br />The Modern State<br />
  52. 52. The Directory<br />With the Terror at an end, the NC moved in a more conservative direction<br />Limited power of Committee of Public Safety<br />Re-opened churches<br />New constitution<br />2 legislative houses<br />New executive office - the Directory<br />
  53. 53. The Directory (1795-1799)<br />Committee of 5 <br />Chosen by Council of Elders<br />Became very corrupt thereby gaining many enemies<br />1799 - coup d’état (sudden overthrow of government by military force)<br />Enter Napoleon Bonaparte…<br />

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