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The Decision: Build New vs The Cloud


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This presentation was developed for the 2011 AFCOM Data Center World conference as a case study. It outlines the the decision by one college to not build a new data center and instead develop a strategy to leverage off premise solutions including the Cloud.

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The Decision: Build New vs The Cloud

  1. 1. THE DECISION:BUILD NEW vs. THE CLOUD <br />CS04 Case Study <br />Data Center World 2011<br />Jerry Bishop, CIO SunGard Higher Education<br />Chippewa Valley Technical College<br />This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License<br />
  2. 2. Synopsys<br />Phase 1: Renovation & Move<br />Phase 2: Future Requirements<br />Phase 3: Evaluating Cloud<br />Phase 4: The Decision<br />Phase 5: Strategy for Future State<br />Wrap-up<br />Outline<br />
  3. 3. Renovations displacing current data center<br />Move to colocation site for ~18mo. to assess<br />Requirement: New Level 7+ to Level 8 <br />Build-out: $980,000 to $1,200,000<br />Operating costs: $55,500 / yr<br />Breakeven point: 35 Years<br />85% Virtualized with all on SAN<br />Consolidated infrastructure<br />Applications moving to Cloud <br />Synopsys<br />
  4. 4. PHASE 1RENOVATION & MOVE<br />
  5. 5. Built 1970<br />1450 sq ft<br />Raised floor<br />15 Racks<br />2 CRACs<br />1 UPS<br />No Generator<br />SPOF’s<br />Original Level 6 Data Center<br />
  6. 6. Displaces the existing computer room<br />LIBRARY RENOVATION<br />
  7. 7. New Learning Space<br />
  8. 8. Rapid needs assessment<br />Surveyed anticipated future college needs<br />Reviewed likely government and private providers<br />Issued RFP for 18 months contract w/ options<br />Selected local colo provider<br />Built new MDF on campus<br />Relocated over New Year’s weekend<br />Total time: 5 months<br />Colocation<br />
  10. 10. Hired a Data Center Design-Build Firm<br />Requirements Analysis<br />Existing Level 6 capabilities and uses<br />Projected future requirements<br />Determine Reliability Level (Level 7+ to 8)<br />Developed Design-Build Specs<br />Design Power, Cooling, Fire Suppression, Security<br />Develop Budget Estimates<br />Construction Costs: $980,000 to $1,200,000<br />Annual Operating Costs: $55,500 / yr<br />Design-Build Analysis<br />
  11. 11. 525 ft2<br />Computer<br />Room<br />Space Projections<br />
  12. 12. 100 ft2<br /> Setup Area<br />240 ft2<br /> Utility Area<br />Space Projections<br />
  14. 14. “The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing”<br />On-demand self-service provisioning<br />Broad network access <br />Resource pooling<br />Rapid elasticity, sometime automatically<br />Measured service<br />Cloud Computing Characteristics<br />
  15. 15. Software as a Service (SaaS)<br />Provider app’s running on cloud infrastructure<br />Consumer may control application configuration<br />Can include Integration as a Service solutions<br />Platform as a Service (PaaS)<br />Consumer controls apps but not the O/S<br />Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)<br />Consumer controls O/S, apps, storage, network but not underlying infrastructure<br />Cloud Service Models (NIST)<br />
  16. 16. History & comfort with sourcing non-core services including IT<br />Colocation operational & political success <br />Ending IT managed services in 2011<br />Strong interest in replacing ERP system<br />General and IT budget constraints<br />Data center not strategic<br />Campus space at premium<br />IT staffing a challenge for critical skills<br />Institutional Assessment<br />
  17. 17. Already Delivering Apps to other schools<br />Community or Government Cloud Options<br />State of Wisconsin Data Center<br />Distance, limited services, budget uncertainty<br />Regional Government Data Center<br />CINC Community Area Network<br />19 member organizations<br />Expanding to 275 miles of fiber<br />Building 1350 sq mi WiMax<br />UW Eau Claire Shared Data Center<br />Similar requirements but no capital<br />Hybrid Cloud Assessment<br />
  18. 18. Servers virtualized at 85%<br />Solaris 80% at 4:1 ratio<br />Windows 85% at 6:1 ratio enterprise wide<br />Main ESX clusters at 15:1 in data center<br />Storage 98% SAN (50TB)<br />Remote site back-ups<br />Citrix for desktop & remote access - 85 apps<br />FY12 refreshing ESX, SAN, & Back-up<br />Private fiber >10Gbps to 7 of 10 locations<br />Infrastructure Assessment<br />
  19. 19. More likely than not all future applications would run as a service not on premise?<br />381 Applications in portfolio<br />Down from 521<br />185 are instructional apps used in courses<br />Web site redesign eliminates ~25 more apps<br />Early success with ASP and SaaS<br />Enterprise apps remain the main barrier<br />Banner ERP system<br />BlackBoard CMS/LMS<br />Applications Assessment<br />
  20. 20. Student Services<br />
  21. 21. Academic Functions<br />O<br />O<br />
  22. 22. Administrative Functions<br />O<br />
  23. 23. Operations Functions<br />
  24. 24. IT Service Functions<br />
  25. 25. Applications Portfolio Summary<br />
  26. 26. PHASE 3THE DECISION<br />
  27. 27. Do NOT Build New Data Center<br />Not Strategic to College’s Mission<br />35yr Breakeven Too Long<br />Other Capital and Space Needs are Priorities<br />Do NOT Build Shared Data Center w/ UWEC<br />Extend Colocation for 12 months<br />Execute Strategy<br />Simplification, Consolidation & Preserving Options<br />The Decision<br />
  28. 28. PHASE 3STRATEGY for FUTURE STATE<br />
  29. 29. Consolidated (Converged) Infrastructure<br />CISCO UCS – Reducing footprint by 50%<br />Hybrid Cloud – Private, Public maybe Community<br />IaaS for Refresh Options on Storage and Back-Ups<br />Applications Strategy<br />ERP & LMS – SaaS or hosted options<br />Evaluate point solutions over big ERP suites<br />SaaS or Hosted preferred for anything new<br />Integration as a Service for on-premise to cloud<br />Desktop Strategy - MS BPOS or Google Apps<br />Citrix from the cloud<br />Strategy – Simplify & Options<br />
  30. 30. WRAP-UP<br />Thank-You & Questions<br />The Higher Ed CIO<br />This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License<br />