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  1. 1. NateTrish
  2. 2. Word Bank  Realism  Real  Vulnerabilities  Narrates Autobiography  Weaknesses  Learn Political  Multi-cultural  Historical Explorers  Truth  Heroes Artists  Time period  Idealized Persevere  Common  Newberry Authors  Partial  Caldecott  Complete  Collective  Represent
  3. 3. What is a biography?Narrates the life of areal individual who hasmade an impact on theworld.By reading this genre ofbook, children learnthat they, too, can makea difference in theworld!
  4. 4. Importance Children can learn from the lives of others Promotes social-emotional development by realizing that choices people make early in their lives can lead to greatness Connections can be made about people’s lives and the historical time in which they lived
  5. 5. History ofBiography
  6. 6. Early Biographies Oldest books for children Only exposed children to the lives of national and cultural heroes Subjects were idealized and larger than life Not altogether believable
  7. 7. Unsavory RealitiesChildren should not be exposed to: Discrimination Violence AbuseBiographies were bland and unrealistic
  8. 8. Fictionalized Characters Narrated by a mouse  Narrated by a parrot
  9. 9. Early Recognition 1934 First Newberry Medal Invincible Louisa by Cornelia Meigs
  10. 10. 1940Daniel Boone by James Daugherty Contemporary readers may be appalled by the portrayal of Native Americans
  11. 11. 1st Caldecott 1940 Abraham Lincoln by Ingri and Edgar Parin D’Aulaire Established the picture-book biography for younger children
  12. 12. 1970’s were a turning point… 1973 a new standard was set… And Then What Happened, Paul Revere? By Jean Fritz Authentic biography without invented dialogue Used conversation and humor Concentrated on 1-2 events Also included “Notes from the Author” for additional facts
  13. 13. Biographies give children a wider representation of people ! Men, women, and children of many ethnic and racial backgrounds Varying occupations and contributions to A biography of the Cherokee society Indian who created a method for his people to write and read their own language.
  14. 14. Contemporary Authors handle their subjects with: New realism Present them as human beings with vulnerabilities and  In their review, Publ Weekly said Stanley and Vennema weaknesses "make a seemingly effortless leap into ancient times, masterfully relating Cleopatras life story through words and pictures...This peerless author/artist team makes the captivating, ultimately tragic Cleopatra seem astoundingly real."
  15. 15. TRUTH!  1970’s gave birth to the modern biographies  Many cultures outside of one’s own are recognized  Authors delve beneath the surface to give a truer account of the time and people  Common person and time period is explored as opposed to only great people and events
  16. 16. Well Known People+ portrayed in the context of their time+ concerns of the day+ choices available to the subject+ social movements of the day= a truer account of theperson and/or the event
  17. 17. Women’s Suffrage  Lizzie begins her life as a girl who believes that women “didn’t count for much”. Then she grows up and dedicates her life to women’s suffrage.
  18. 18. Categories ofBiographies
  19. 19. Partial - about a short span of apersons life Samuel Adams walked the  This biography concentrates on streets of pre-Revolutionary Langston Hughes’ childhood. Boston promoting independence from England!
  20. 20. Complete - birth to death
  21. 21. Collective -about severalpeople that havesomething incommon
  22. 22. Autobiography/Memoir - writtenby the authorabout themselves- usually writtento inspire or
  23. 23. Explorers of Earthand Space - risktaking anddiscovering theunknown
  24. 24. Social andPoliticalActivists -including thetraditionalpresidentbiographies
  25. 25. Artist andAuthors -people whohave madecontributions tothe world
  26. 26. People who havePersevered -provide inspirationand valuablelessons about therealities of theworld
  27. 27. How Biographies Work Must be about real  The author uses a people. filter to tell the story. The author must  Advanced readers create the personality should be aware of and events of a this filter and in persons life. order to evaluate the truth of the biography.
  28. 28. Major Writers David Adler Russell Freedman Jean Fritz Diane Stanley
  29. 29. Criteria for Selection Can be about heroes, villains, and regular people. Remember the needs of your patrons How is the characterization handled? Are there stereotypes? Check to make sure that the information is accurate and that careful research has been made by the author. Most importantly is the book engaging for the readers, and is the tone appropriate for your patrons?
  30. 30. AwardsThere are no Biography awards, they compete for non-fiction awardsas well as awards that can be given to any genre.Awards are often indicate with a seal on the cover.
  31. 31. QuestionHow would you characterize your personal hero if you were to write a children’s biography of that person?
  32. 32. Categories of BiographiesPartial PoliticalComplete ExplorersCollective ArtistsAutobiography Persevere