Web Literacy

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This is a web literacy presentation I put together with Toni Thompson's notes for a District Leadership Team Meeting in SD60. Resources available at http://www.prn.bc.ca/ts/?p=1175

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Web Literacy

  1. 1. Resources for Web Literacy Presentation <br />This presentation references some websites and resources found at http://www.prn.bc.ca/ts/?p=1175 or via http://bit.ly/hGM3hX<br />Please have it opened to start – TY!<br />
  2. 2. Web Literacy<br />Jarrod Bell<br />@jbellsd60<br />jbell@prn.bc.ca<br />
  3. 3. Resources for Web Literacy Presentation <br />This presentation references some websites and resources found at http://www.prn.bc.ca/ts/?p=1175 or via http://bit.ly/hGM3hX<br />
  4. 4. Topics<br />Browsers<br />Search Engines<br />What makes up a URL (protocol, domain, file path)<br />Some strategies to check a URL (legitimate, users, whoisetc)<br />How to Shorten URLs<br />The WWWW of evaluating web content <br />
  5. 5. Browsers that we use in SD60<br />Internet Explorer (note about IE6 – needs to go)<br />Firefox<br />Chrome<br />Safari<br />Camino (note – needs to go)<br />
  6. 6. Search Engines<br />Have a look at the page on the Technology Services blog that I showed before. Find the list of search engines.<br />While holding down the Command button, click on each search engine. This should open the search engine in a new tab (provided you are using a modern browser that supports tabs – if not, time for an upgrade!)<br />Search for Kermode – check out the results<br />Search for Kermode Bear – check out the results<br />Search for “Kermode Bear” – check out the results<br />What is the difference between the three searches above?<br />
  7. 7. Search Engines<br />Advance Searches<br />Boolean Logic (George Boole for the math types)<br />Wiki search in Google – Search for wiki Kermode Bear (just learned this on Sunday)<br />Licensing Search in Advanced Searches<br />
  8. 8. Uniform Resource Locator (URL)<br />URL is a web address (like directions to your house by landmarks). Browser looks for the web address on your DNS server (Domain Name System) which gives a numeric IP address (directions to your house via GPS route to your home address)<br />Try entering 205.206.163.40 in your address bar, where does it go?<br />
  9. 9. U R L<br />http://www.prn.bc.ca/ts/?p=1175<br />http:// is the protocol (hypertext transfer protocol)<br />Domain is www.prn.bc.ca (Top level domain is .ca for Canadian website; some others are: .com commercial; .org organization; .net network; .edu educational) www.prn.bc are 2nd (.bc), 3rd (.prn), and 4th (www) level domains<br />Path or File path is what follows after the top level domain/ts/?p=1175. <br />Path refers to a place on the server to find what it is you are looking for like C:UsersBobDesktopgoodwork.jpg<br />
  10. 10. Why should I understand URLs?<br />Checking the URL is a great way to foil Phishing attacks (fraudulent attempts to access your info via a social cue of some kind ie. “Your bank account is about to expire.”)<br />What is the Top Level domain below<br />www.cibc-com.info<br />www.desjardin.bank<br />I can make www.cibc.com in an email or web page point someplace else, always check the address bar, <br />Banks won’t ask you to update your personal information online via an email. Phone your branch (check the number!) or do it in person.<br />
  11. 11. Shorten URLs<br />Please go to http://www.prn.bc.ca/elc/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/SD60logoText.png<br />Or bit.ly/h6U1ZD<br />http://bit.ly - you can truncate the URL by dropping the protocol<br />
  12. 12. WWWW of evaluating web content<br />When looking at a website ask<br />Who<br />What<br />When<br />Why<br />And other questions!<br />
  13. 13. Who<br />Who is the author or creator of the website content?<br />Is it clear who wrote the material?<br />Is the author qualified to be publishing the information?<br />Could you contact the author, if necessary?<br />Who sponsors the website?<br />Is it clear who is sponsoring the site?<br />Is there information or a link to a website describing<br />why the sponsor supports this site?<br />
  14. 14. Who - Check the URL<br />Do you recognize the domain name?<br />What is the extension of the domain name?<br />What do you know about the author?<br />Is the author’s name given?<br />What are his/her credentials?<br />Are you on a personal page?<br />Look for the following clues:<br />A name (such as abutz) <br />Tilde (~)<br />Percent sign (%)<br />The words users, people, or members<br />
  15. 15. Whois<br />Look up who owns and operates a website<br />http://www.easywhois.com/<br />enter domain name iewww.prn.bc.ca and check<br />
  16. 16. What<br />What information is relevant to your research question?<br />Is the information consistent with what you know about the subject?<br />Is it a not-for profit sponsor? (ie. what kind of site is it? --.org, .com, .edu, etc.)<br />Is the information comparable to other resources – print or electronic?<br />
  17. 17. What<br />Is there spellling and grammatical mistake? :P<br />How it looks is not always everything (beach ball analogy from Jason Ohler, Tech it Up Conference & his book Digital storytelling in the classroom: new media pathways to literacy, learning, and creativity)<br />Is there a lot of advertisements on the site? What could the number of advertisements mean?<br />
  18. 18. When<br />When was the website created or updated?<br />Is the site current?<br />Are the dates of any statistics or graphs clearly displayed?<br />Has the website been recently updated or revised?<br />
  19. 19. Why<br />Why was the information published?<br />Is the purpose of the website to present accurate, factual information?<br />Is the information provided as a public service?<br />Is the website free of advertising or if advertising is displayed, is it separate from the content?<br />
  20. 20. Why<br />Is there an overwhelming bias?<br />what purpose did the author have for creating the website?<br />Does the author have a reason for distorting the information<br />Does the author appear to be trying to persuade the user to believe a certain point of view<br />Is the page sponsored by a particular organization<br />Is the writing style positive or negative <br />Resource<br />http://www.multcolib.org/homework/sochc.html<br />
  21. 21. Why<br />Bias continued<br />Do a Fact or Opinion activity<br />Highlight adjectives, positive, negative words, vague phrases or clichés<br />http://www.media-awareness.ca/english/index.cfmor bit.ly/ha9WpW<br />Click on teachers link<br />
  22. 22. Apply WWWW<br />Pull up the list of websites that were listed at the beginning of the presentation at bit.ly/hGM3hX<br />Pick four of the websites at your table and use the four W’s to determine which of the websites are real.<br />
  23. 23. Last Notes & Thank you <br />This slideshow is available via slideshare on the link for the resources earlier.<br />Web Literacy for Educators by Alan November is a wonderful practical text resource (provided earlier this year)<br />Thank you to Toni Thompson for her Web Literacy notes <br />@tonettethompson<br />Web Literacy is a regular inservice presentation in the Wireless Writing Program<br />

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