BEFORE THE WAR
Gallipoli was a plan thought up by, British Politician, Winston
Churchill to end the war early by creating a new war front that the
Central Powers could not cope with.
November 25, 1914: Churchill suggested his plan to the British
government’s War Council.
January 15, 1915: Troops were put on post in Egypt.
This battle took place along the Gallipoli
Peninsula, which was near a sea route to Russia.
February 19, 1915 – January 9, 1916.
British decided to come up on the western shore, take the Gallipoli
Peninsula with a naval expedition, later link up with the Russians,
knock Turkey out of the war, and possibly persuade the Balkan states
to join the Allies.
The British and the French attempted to capture
the Ottoman capitol, Constantinople (in modernday Turkey).
Most would say that this battle began in April because bad
weather caused a delay. Three battleships sunk and three
were damaged. Because of this the Turks had ample time
to prepare and ended up with an army six times larger than
when the campaign began.
Australia and New Zealand were on the
Aegean side of the peninsula. The British
attempted to land at five points around Cape
Helles, but only landed on three before asking
for reinforcements. The Turks took advantage
of this and brought as many troops as
possible to the peninsula.
This caused a political crisis in London between CHURCHILL, The
First lord of the admiralty and Lord fisher
This battle was the Ottomans’ greatest
victory and the worst loss for the Allied
powers. This was a major event in Turkish
history and helped to start war for Turkish
Independence. Nine years later Turkey
became it’s own free country. The leading
Ottoman General, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk,
later founded Turkey.
The Australians are still very bitter about this
battle because many Australians died, and they felt
as though the British forced them to fight and die
for a cause that was irrelevant to them.