Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
J.B. Cole,* M.E. Tooker, P.M. VanRaden, andJ.B. Cole,* M.E. Tooker, P.M. VanRaden, and
J.H. Megonigal, Jr.J.H. Megonigal, ...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (2) J. B. Cole
2004
ObjectivesObjectives
• Develop a system for storing breed
comp...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (3) J. B. Cole
2004
Options for Crossbred EvaluationOptions for Crossbred Evaluati...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (4) J. B. Cole
2004
Crossbred TableCrossbred Table
• 338,968 animals
• Animal iden...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (5) J. B. Cole
2004
Crossbred TableCrossbred Table
• The four-generation breed sta...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (6) J. B. Cole
2004
Non-zero Breed FractionsNon-zero Breed Fractions
0
50000
10000...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (7) J. B. Cole
2004
FF11 for each Breed Crossfor each Breed Cross
Sire
Breed
Dam B...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (8) J. B. Cole
2004
Calving EaseCalving Ease
• Sire-MGS threshold model
• Breed-of...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (9) J. B. Cole
2004
Calving Ease DataCalving Ease Data
• CE records from 1998 to 2...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (10) J. B. Cole
2004
BS Threshold Model SolutionsBS Threshold Model Solutions
0.01...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (11) J. B. Cole
2004
BS Service Sire and Daughter PTABS Service Sire and Daughter ...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (12) J. B. Cole
2004
Distribution of BS Service Sire andDistribution of BS Service...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (13) J. B. Cole
2004
JE Threshold Model SolutionsJE Threshold Model Solutions
0.01...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (14) J. B. Cole
2004
JE Service Sire and Daughter PTAJE Service Sire and Daughter ...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (15) J. B. Cole
2004
Distribution of JE Service Sire andDistribution of JE Service...
Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (16) J. B. Cole
2004
ConclusionsConclusions
• Crossbred animals can be rapidly
ide...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Breed Composition Codes for Crossbred Dairy Cattle with an Application to Calving Ease

342 views

Published on

Presentation made at the 2004 ADSA meeting.

Published in: Science, Business, Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Breed Composition Codes for Crossbred Dairy Cattle with an Application to Calving Ease

  1. 1. J.B. Cole,* M.E. Tooker, P.M. VanRaden, andJ.B. Cole,* M.E. Tooker, P.M. VanRaden, and J.H. Megonigal, Jr.J.H. Megonigal, Jr. Animal Improvement Programs Laboratory Agricultural Research Service, USDA, Beltsville, MD jcole@aipl.arsusda.gov Breed Composition Codes for Crossbred Dairy Cattle with an Application to Calving Ease
  2. 2. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (2) J. B. Cole 2004 ObjectivesObjectives • Develop a system for storing breed composition data in a national database. • Investigate a breed-of-sire calving ease evaluation for Brown Swiss and Jersey sires using purebred and F1 daughters.
  3. 3. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (3) J. B. Cole 2004 Options for Crossbred EvaluationOptions for Crossbred Evaluation • Use crossbred records in a breed-of- sire evaluation. • Use records from all animals in a single across-breed evaluation. • Do not use the records (the current system).
  4. 4. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (4) J. B. Cole 2004 Crossbred TableCrossbred Table • 338,968 animals • Animal identification • Breed fractions for 18 dairy breeds • Four-generation breed stack • Sire breed stack • Heterosis value
  5. 5. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (5) J. B. Cole 2004 Crossbred TableCrossbred Table • The four-generation breed stack allows identification of crossbred sires. • The sire breed stack summarizes the breeds of the sire and the dam's male ancestors up to 24 generations.
  6. 6. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (6) J. B. Cole 2004 Non-zero Breed FractionsNon-zero Breed Fractions 0 50000 100000 150000 200000 250000 AY BS GU HO JE MS Breed NumberofAnimals
  7. 7. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (7) J. B. Cole 2004 FF11 for each Breed Crossfor each Breed Cross Sire Breed Dam Breed AY BS GU HO JE MS Total AY 74 279 2817 253 119 3542 BS 340 563 11,509 991 47 13,450 GU 137 110 4340 424 45 5056 HO 3287 3653 8643 5388 1159 22,130 JE 282 329 699 23,514 65 24,889 MS 61 47 107 1539 73 1827 Total 4107 4213 10,291 43,719 7129 1435 70,894
  8. 8. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (8) J. B. Cole 2004 Calving EaseCalving Ease • Sire-MGS threshold model • Breed-of-sire evaluation • Fixed breed effect to distinguish between purebred and F1 calvings
  9. 9. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (9) J. B. Cole 2004 Calving Ease DataCalving Ease Data • CE records from 1998 to 2003 • 11,793 BS and 3443 BS-sired F1 s • 65,293 JE and 7095 JE-sired F1 s • Herds with only one observation or only difficult calvings were excluded
  10. 10. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (10) J. B. Cole 2004 BS Threshold Model SolutionsBS Threshold Model Solutions 0.010.49131,387Maternal grandsire 0.010.48131,387Sire 0.110.162Breed composition 0.220.7611Maternal-grandsire birth year 0.050.166Sire birth year 0.310.886Parity-gender 0.260.9612Year-season 0.363.892366Herd-year SDRangeLevelsEffect
  11. 11. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (11) J. B. Cole 2004 BS Service Sire and Daughter PTABS Service Sire and Daughter PTA for %DBH by Birth Year of Bullfor %DBH by Birth Year of Bull 6 7 8 9 10 11 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 Birth Year %DBH Service Sire %DBH Daughter %DBH
  12. 12. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (12) J. B. Cole 2004 Distribution of BS Service Sire andDistribution of BS Service Sire and Daughter PTA for %DBHDaughter PTA for %DBH 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >12 %DBH Frequency(%) Service Sire %DBH Daughter %DBH
  13. 13. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (13) J. B. Cole 2004 JE Threshold Model SolutionsJE Threshold Model Solutions 0.010.38131,385Maternal grandsire 0.010.45131,385Sire 0.350.492Breed composition 0.110.317Maternal-grandsire birth year 0.050.135Sire birth year 0.210.546Parity-gender 1.385.2813Year-season 0.414.033405Herd-year SDRangeLevelsEffect
  14. 14. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (14) J. B. Cole 2004 JE Service Sire and Daughter PTAJE Service Sire and Daughter PTA for %DBH by Birth Year of Bullfor %DBH by Birth Year of Bull 0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 Birth Year %DBH Service Sire %DBH Daughter %DBH
  15. 15. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (15) J. B. Cole 2004 Distribution of JE Service Sire andDistribution of JE Service Sire and Daughter PTA for %DBHDaughter PTA for %DBH 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 1 >1 %DBH Frequency(%) Service Sire %DBH Daughter %DBH
  16. 16. Crossbred Dairy Cattle and Calving Ease (16) J. B. Cole 2004 ConclusionsConclusions • Crossbred animals can be rapidly identified using the new database. • It is feasible to use crossbred records in genetic evaluation. • There is no genetic trend for calving ease in BS or JE. • Future analyses will include breed effects for service sires and dams.

×