Mic smart homecontrol

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Mic smart homecontrol

  1. 1. Advisory & Intelligence Service Program² £ · ~ ¬ ã ¨ s ³ ø § i Communications ±q Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦X ¬Ý¥¼¨Óµo®i «e¨¥ ®a®xºô¸ô¤ ªº± ¨î§Þ³N¶Ç¿é³t«×¦h¦b 10Kbps ¥ H ¤ U ª º § C ³ t¡A¦b ³ o -Ó½d³ò©³¤U¥Ø«e¤½»{¦³¤TºØ¥D-nªº§Þ³N¼Ð·Ç¤À§O¬O : X-10¡B CEBus ¤Î LonWorks¡C X-10 ¬ O ¥ Ø « e ³ Ì ¼ s ª x ³ Q ¥ Î ¨ Ó ¹ B ¥ Î ¦ b ® a ® x ¦ Û °Ê¤Æ¤ ªº¤@ºØ¼Ð·Ç¡A¥¦ D-n¥H»ù®æ§C¥H¤Î¥i DIY ¨ â - Ó ¯ S © Ê ¦ ¨ ¬ ° ¥ Ø « e ¥ « ³ õ ¤ W ³ Ì ¼ s ª x À ³ ¥ Î ª º ¤ @ º Ø § Þ ³ N¡A¦Ó CEBus »P LonWorks «h ´ £ ¨ Ñ ¸ û ¦ h ª º ¥ ¯ à ¤ Î ¥ i ¾ a « × ¸ ¡û A¦Ó¤ À § O À ³ ¥ Î ¦ b ¤ £ ¦ P ª º ¥ « ³ õ · í ¤¡ C °ª ±i ©_ Document Code: CDOC20031023003 Publication Date: October 2003 Check out MIC on the Internet! http://mic.iii.org.tw/intelligence
  2. 2. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó _______________________________________ i ¥Ø¿ý -¶¦¸Smart Home Control network §Þ³Nµo®i ................................................. 1Residential Gateway ¬ÛÃö§Þ³Nµo®i ........................................................ 17Smart Home Control Network ¨t²Î¾ã¦X¥þ»ª ...................................... 20MIC Æ[ÂI .................................................................................................... 28©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003
  3. 3. ii ______________________________________________ Advisory & Intelligence Service Program - Communications ¹Ï¥Ø¿ý -¶¦¸¹Ï¤@ Smart Home Control Network Protocol Comparison...............4¹Ï¤G Wireless Application Landscape ................................................13¹Ï¤T ZigBee ¥Ø¼Ð«³õ ...........................................................................13¹Ï¥| Proposed Vision of ECHONET...................................................16¹Ï¤- Scope of ECHONET Development.............................................16¹Ï¤» OSI Model v.s OSGi Model .........................................................18¹Ï¤C OSGi and Related Standards .......................................................19¹Ï¤K ¨t²Î¾ã¦X³s±µ¥Ü·N¹Ï .....................................................................21¹Ï¤E ¹q·½±¨î¥ÜN¹Ï ..............................................................................24¹Ï¤Q SSL ±¨î¾÷¹Ï .............................................................................24¹Ï¤Q¤@ ¹q·½u«Ê¥]±¨ît²Î¥Ü·N¹Ï .....................................................26¹Ï¤Q¤G ¤â¾÷±¨ît²Î¹Ï .........................................................................27October 2003 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center CDOC20031023003
  4. 4. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó ______________________________________ iii ªí¥Ø¿ý -¶¦¸ªí¤@ Echelon Channel Type ................................................................. 10ªí¤G EMIT ¨ãÅé±Ä¥Î¤§j¼t¤@Äýªí ...................................................... 14ªí¤T Smart Home ±¨î»P¨t²Î¬ÛÃö£«~¤ÀÃþ ..................................... 20ªí¥| Control Network Technologies ³Ì¨Î¿ï¾Ü ................................ 28ªí¤- Smart Home Control Network µo®i¶¥¬q ................................. 31 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003 CDOC20031023003
  5. 5. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó _______________________________________ 1 ®a®x¨î§Þ³N¿é³t«×¦h¦b ¤ªº±ô¸ ¶Ç 10Kbps ¥H¤Uªº§C³t¡A ¦b³o-Ó½d³ò©³¤U¥Ø«e¤½»{¦³¤TºØ¥D-nªº§Þ³N¼Ð·Ç¤À§O¬O : X-10¡B CEBus ¤Î LonWorks¡C X-10 ¬O¥Ø«e¼sªx³Q¥Î¨Ó¹B¥Î ³Ì ¦b®a®xªº¤@¡A¥D-n¥H»ù®æ§C¥H¥i °ÊÆ¦Û ·Ç¼ÐºØ ¦ ¤Î DIY ¨â -Ó¯S©Ê¬°¥Ø«e¥«³õ¤W¼sªxªº¤@§Þ³N¡A¦Ó ¦¨ ³Ì À³¥Î ºØ CEBus »P LonWorks «h´£¨Ñ¸û¦hªº¥¯à¤Îi¾a«×¸û°ª¡A¤À§OÀ³¥Î¦b ¦Ó ¤£¦P¡C ³õ·í¤ªº¥« ¦Ó Universal Plug and Play (UPnP)¡B ZigBee (802.15) ¤Îé ¥» ´¼ z ®a¹q·~ ªÌºÝ©Ò ´£- ªº EchoNet ¼Ð·Ç±N¦³¥i¯à¦¨¬°·s ¤@¥NªºÄvª§Þ³N¡A¦Ó SCP ©MEMIT ªº§Þ³N±N¦h-쥻µLªk ¨Ï³ ³s±µ¤W®a®xºô¸ª³]Æ¡A¯à°÷¶i¤J±¨îªº¥@¬É¡A¨Ã¥B±N¤Þ¦ù ¥X³¦h·s¡A¦Ó¤j±N±À¥X¦W¬° ¤Î°Ó¾÷ªºÀ³¥ ³°¤] ”p Á{° ” ªº·s¼Ð ·Ç¨üìÆf¥Ø¡C ¥t¥~¦³¨â¥ó¤j¨Æ±N¼vÅT³o-Ó²£·~ªºÄv¦X¡A¤@¥ó¬O¥Ñ·L³n¥D±À ªº SCP+UPnP ª º ¸ Ñ ¨ M ¤ è ® × ¡ A ± N ¤ º « Ø ¦ b · L ³ n 2004 ¦ ~ · s ª º Windows ª©¡A¨Ã¥B²Ä¤@¦¸»P´¹¤ù¼t°Ó¦X§@¥H ¥»¤ US$5 »ù®æ ±À¥X¥«³õ¡F¥t¤@¨Æ¥ó¬O¥Ñþ²y 17 ®a®ø¶O©Ê¹q¤l¡B¹q¸£¡B¦æ °Ê³q°T²£·~»â¾É¼t²Õ¦¨ªº°Ó µ¥ ªº ¡y¦ì®a®x¤u§@¤p²Õ ¼Æ ¡] Digital Home Working Group, DHWG¡¡z¡A±N®Ú¾¦UºØ²£·~·Ç¼Ð ^ «Ø¥ß¤@®M¤¬ ³q¥x¡A¹w¦ô¯ó®×©ó - 2003 ¦~¤º§Y¥i¥XÄl¡CSmart Home Control network §Þ³Nµo®i¼vÅT Smart Home Control Network §Þ³N¯À¦]´¶¤ÎªºÃöÁä » ù ® æ » P ¤ ¬ ³ q© Ê (Interoperability)¤ @ª ½ ¬ O ® a ® xº ô ¸ § Þ ³ N ´ ¶ ¤ Ϊ º ¨â-Ó«n¦]¯À¡C¦b±¨îºô¸ª¥@¬É¤]O¬Û¦P¡A¦Ó¥B¤¬³q©Ê ³o-Ó°ÝÃD¥¼¨Ó±N¤£î¬O¦A±¨îºô¸§Þ³N¤ªº¬³q¦Ó¤w¡A¤¬³q ©Êªº¾ã¦XÁÙ¥²¶·¬O©µ¦ù¨ì¤£P«¬ºAªºô¸¤¬³q¡A¤~¯àº¡¨¬ Smart Home »Ý¨D¡A¥H¤U¸Ô-z¡C ªº ¤§ »ù®æ »ù®æ¬O®ø¶OªÌ-ºn¦Ò¼{ªº³Ì-«n¦]¯À¡A»ù®æ§C·Gªº§Þ³N«o¨ü - ©ó¶Ç¿é®Éªº¥i¾a«×¦ÓµLªk¤j¶q´¶¤Î¡A¦Ó¥i«H¿à«×°ª º§Þ©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003
  6. 6. 2 ______________________________________________ Advisory & Intelligence Service Program - Communications ³N¡A¨ä»ù®æ¤S°ª¥X³¦h¤H©Ò¯à±µ¨üªº½d³ò¦Ó¨ü-b³¦h¤u·~ »â°ì¤À³¥ÎµLªk¶i¤J®a®x¡A¨Ã¥B¦]¬°®a¤®a¹q©Î¬O¨ä¥L³]Æ ¦b¥«³õ¤Wªº»ù®æ¼u©Ê¦]¯À¾É-P³o¨Ç¼t°Ó¦b¶}µo²£«~®É«D±`ª -«©Ò¼W¥[ªº¦¨»¡A©Ò¥H¥Ø«e³o¨Ç§Þ³Nªº»ù®æ¤]¼vÅT®a¤²×ºÝ ³]ƶ}µoªº¼t°Ó²£«~¶}µo·NÄ@¡C¥H¥Ø«e»ù®æ¥i»¡¬O³Ì§C·Gªº ¨Ã¥B¦b¦û³²v¹F °ê¥«õ¬ü °ª 73%ªº X-10 ¡A¤©ó »¡¨Ó ¦]¬°¨ü- ¡B¥i¾a©Ê¡B±M·~¦wµ¥°ÝÃDµLªk¯u¤j¶q¡C ¥¯à ¸Ë ¦Ó ³õ¥¿Åý« ´¶¤Î ¦Ó CEBus ¤ñ®æ¥¦ªº»ù]¬° X-10 ¤S¥X³¦h¡A¥B©w °ª ¨Ã ¶Ç¿éÃ- «×ªí²{µLªk¹F¡A©Ò¥H ·ÇÀ³¦ªº¤ô®æ¥»ù¨ì CEBus ±N¥i³Q¯à ·sªºô¸¤Æ³] Protocol: SCP (Simple Control Protocol) ©ÒNCÓ ¦ ú¥ ¨ ¡ LonWorks ªº»ù®æ¬O³Ì©¡A¬Oªº¥¦¤]¬Û¹ï ªºù¶Q ¦ý ´£¨Ñ¤F¬Û·í°ªºÃ-©w«×¤Î¥i¾a«×¡AÅý³¦h-n¨D¥i¾a¤ÎÃ-©w«× ªº²£«~©Î¨t³ß·R¥Î¨Ï ²Î£ LonWorks «~¡A¿W¯Sªº ªº²£ Dual Frequency Narrow Band Auto Switch ªº³]-p¡A¨t²Î´£¨Ñ Ï ¤F§ó°ªº«O»Ù¡A©Ò¥H¤@¨Ç¤u·~À³¥Î©Î¤j¼Ó´z±¨î¤j³£¨Ï¥Î ³oºØ§Þ³N¡A 2003 ¦~ªì LonWorks °w¹ï®a®x¦b²£«~½u¤W°µ ¥«³õ ¤F°Ï¹j¡A±q¥»©ªºù¶Q -ì PTL-22 ¨t¦CÂಾ¨ì 2003 ¦~³Ì·sµo ¶} ¥X¨Óªº PTL-31xx ¨t¦C¡A¨Ã¥B»ù®æ¥i¥H¨ì¹F Åý $10 ¡C ªº¤ô·Ç ¤¬³q©Ê ³¦h¤º®e (Content)¤³ÆÎ] (Devices)³£©¦ì¤Æµo®i¡A¦Ób¼Æ ¹¼ ¦ì¤Æ«á±N·|µo¤@-n´N¬O ¥Í «ÓÜ ªºÁÍ¶Õ ConvergenceA±Ó-¦ ¡ ¹ï Smart Home ¦b³N-nªº¼vÅT±N¬O §Þ ¤è±³Ì« PC¡B CE ¤Î Mobile ²£«~¤¬³qÃD¡A¦³Å²©¡A³¦h¤j¼t¤w¸g°w¹ï³oÂI ªº °Ý ó¦¹ ¶ } © lµ o ® i ³ ¦ h ¸ Ñ ¨ M ¤ è ® × ¡ A ¦ Ó ¨ ä ¤ ³ Ì ³  · Ð ª º ¬ O ® a ¤ ³ ] ³ Æ ª º MCUs ¤j¦h¦b 8 Bits HUAbqDA̳ ¥ ¤ ¡ ¦Ó ³¬º¤Æªô¸ ÃÝ° ¡¤í· ±`¨£ªº´N¬O TCP/IP ¤Î HTTP ³ o ¨ â º Ø ¨ ó © w ¡ A ¦ Ó ³ Ì - « - n ª º TCP/IP «o¤S¤£¯à»P 8 Bits MCUs ¤¬³q¡A³o´N³y¦¨¤F PC »P CE ¨âºÝµLªk¤¬³q°ÝÃD¡A¦ÓµLªk¤¬³q´N³y¤F¥«³õµLªk´¶ ªº ¤] ¦¨ ¤Î¡A»PªAµLªkµoµ¥°ÝÃD¡A©Ò¥H À³¥Î °È ¶} UPnP + SCP ªº¶} µo´N¬O-n¸Ñ¨M³oÃD¡A ¼Ëªº°Ý UPnP -t³d±N IP ³Æªºô¸]°ò¦ ¥þ³¡s°_¡A¦Ó µ² ¨Ó SCP tdN -³ ± CE «D ºÝª IP ³Æªºô¸]°ò¦ ³sµ²°_¡A¶¡¦A³z¹L¤@-Ó¹h¹D©Î¤@¥x ¨Ó ¤ ¾¹ PC¡ºt¹h¹D¥¾¹ ]§ê ¯à¡^±N³o¨â¤j¶ô-쥻䣬³qªº³]Æ¡AÅý¥L-̤¬³q¡A¤¬³q¤§October 2003 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center CDOC20031023003
  7. 7. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó _______________________________________ 3 «á§ó¥i¥H¾a¹h¹D¾¹ï¥~Ápµ¸¡A¨Ã¥B¥i¥H¾a HTTP ³z¹L¼sºô°ì ¸ô»P Internet ³sµ²¡A¦¹®É ¨Ó Mobile ³Æ¦pªG¦b¤á¥~¥ÎªºÀ³ ] ´N¥i¥H¾a¹q«HªA°È·~¥hÂà´«¦¨ ªÌ HTTP ©w»P®a®x¹h¹D¾¹ ªº¨ó ·¾³q¡A ªG ¦p Mobile ¦b«Ç¤º´N¥i¥H³z¹L³¦h¦PªºµL½u§Þ ³]Æ ¤£ ³N¦P¼Ë¥H HTTP ¤Î TCP/IP ¨ó©w»P¹h¹D¾¹·³q¹F¨ì©Ò-n± ¡B¦^õX©Î¬O®T¡Bª¡AµMÀH§ÞµÛ ¨î ¼Ö º¤À¨Éµ¥Ø¸ê®Æ ·í ³Nªºt¶i¡A ³¦h¥i¡¦¡³£ªº¼Ò AÄ´¦p¡A¦pªG Åܯà§ï » WiMAX ¼Ð·Ç (~ ¥á¤ 30 ¶Ç¿éZÂ÷ ¤½¨ªº ) ±N¯à°÷´¶¤Î¨Ó ¤]³ ¡A Mobile «~³s±µªº ²£ ³~®|´N·|¤£¦P¦Ó¹h¹D¾¹ªºô¸¤¶-±µ¥³]p´N»Ý-n§ïÅÜ¡C¦Ó°£ ¤F¥H¤W©Ò½Íªº Convergence ÁͶդUªº§Þ³N¤¬³qÃD¥~¡A¦b®a °Ý ¤ ¥¼¨Ó±N ¦³ h¤£¦P «¬ºA ªº ô¸ ¡AÄ´¦p : §C ¥²vªº µL½u¹q ± ¤@¨Ç ¨îºô¸Åý Mobile ²£«~¥h³o¨Ç®a³¡B ªº ¯à°÷ ±¨î ]Ƥ -쥻 PC ªº¦³½u¸¡B¼v³]Æ©ÀW¼e¼v-µø°Tºô ¬ÛÃö ô°Ïìº -µ »Ýªº°Ò ¸ô¤Î³s±µ®a¤¹q¾¹ªºq·½uºô¸µ¥¡A¤]³£»Ý-n¤@¨Ç¾ô±µ¹ ©Î¹h¹D³q¡A¦p»¡¹q·½u»P ¨Ó°µ¤¬¾¹ Ä´ RF ¤Î±µ¾¹ªºô WLAN ¤Î¹q·½uªºµL½u¡C µ¥¾ô±¹ºô¸ª¤¬³q¼hªR ¤À¦¸ © ¹ ¤ U ½ Í ¨ ì ¦ U ¶ µ § Þ ³ N µ o ® iª º ² Ó ¸ ` ¤ § « e ¡ A ¥ ý H OSI ªº¤C¼hºô¸ model ·f°t Smart Home ªº¤T¼hºô¸ Model ¨Ó¬Ý¦UºØ§Þ ³N ¦p¦¹¥i¥H¤ñ¸û²M·¡ÁA¸Ñ¨ì¤@§Þ³N¥æ¤¬©Ê Ä´¦p»¡ ¡C ¨Ç ªº ¡A SCP ¬°¦ó-n·f°t UPnP µ¥³o°ÝÃD ¨Ç ¡C©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003
  8. 8. 4 ______________________________________________ Advisory & Intelligence Service Program - Communications ¹Ï¤@ Smart Home Control Network Protocol Comparison Smart Home Model OSI Model LonWorksUPnP Jini SCP EchoNet CEBus Upper Layer 7-Application *Application and Device (FTP,telnet) Control Protocol for 6-Presentation Communication (ASCII,Data,Format) *ex:UPnP, APIs,Salutation 5-Session TCP/IP TCP/IP Middle Layer 4-Transport *Format and Transportation (TCP) of Information Sent/Received 3-Network *ex:TCP/IP,UDP (IP) Lower Layer 2-DataLink *Transmission Technology (HDLC,MAC) over Physical Media 1-Physical *ex:Ethernet (RS232,UART) ¸ê®Æ¨Ó·½¡G SAA¡A¸êµ¦·| MIC ¾ã²z¡F 2003 ¦~ 9 ¤ë §C¶¥Ç¿é¼h Lower Layer ¨ìªº§Ú-̱`½Í power line, phone line, RF, IR ¤Î Fiber Optic ¡A³£¬OÄÝ©²z¼h¿é§Þ³N µ¥ óª« ¶Çªº (Physical Layer) ¡C´¼z®a®x ±¨îºô¸¤j³£z¹L¹q·½uºô¸¨Ó§¹¦±îª¥Ø¡A¦³®É·|f °t¤@¨ÇµL½uªº RF ¡A¦ÓµL½u§Þ³NµM¬O¡A °µ±¨îºÝ³ÆÓ] ¤´ ¤Ó¶Q ¨Ï±o¤@-Ó®a®x·í¤²³¦hªº®a¥Î³]ƵLªk±Ä¥Î³sºô¡A¤]³¦H ıo US$10-20 ¤w¸g«ÜK©y ¬O¦pªG»ù®æµLªk¨ì-° ¡A¦ý US$3-5¡A ¨º»ò®a¥Î³]ƪº¼t°Ó¦b²£«~¶}µoªº·NÄ@¤W´N¤j¬°-§C¡A¨º»ò ³o-Ó¥«³õ¤]´NÃø¥H°_¨Ó¡CÁöµM³¦h·sªº¦ív¤w¸g¹w¥ý®I¤J³ ¦hºÞ½u¥]¬A ¡ CAT 5 ¸ô½u¡^A¦pªG º Smart Home Control Network °÷_¡A³N¤@©w¬O¾a²{¦b®a²{¤ ¥«³õ¯à ¨Ó ¨ä¶Ç¿é§Þ µÛ ¦ s ª º ½ u ¸ ô ¨ Ó ¹ F ¦ ¨ ¡ A ¦ Ó ³ o ¼ Ë ª º ¸ Ñ ¨ M ¤ è ¦ ¡ ³ ¹ q ¸ Ü ½ u ©M ¹ q · ½ u ¨ ⠺ءA¦Ó¨ä¤¹q·½u³o-Ӷǿé´C¤¶¬O¤ñ¸û¾A¦Xªº¡A¦]¬°³hªº ¹q¾¹³]Æ£»Ý-n¹q·½¨ÑÀ³¡A©Ò¥H-Y¥H¹q·½u¬°¶Ç¿é´C¤¶¡A¨º »ò³o¼Ë¤@«KÀô¹Ò¬O¾A¦X³o¨Ç®a³Æªº¡C -ÓÜ¤è ¸ªº ³Ì ]¥Î ¹q·½u X-10 ªº¹q·½u Transceiver -쥻¬O¤j¦h¼Æ¤H¾Ü¡A¨Ó¦ý¥¼ ªº¿ï ³o¥i§ïÅÜ¡A -Ó¨Æ¹ê ¯à·| CEBus ¥i¯à·|³Qsªº SCP ªº¹q½u ·October 2003 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center CDOC20031023003
  9. 9. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó _______________________________________ 5 transceiver ©Ò¥N¡C ¨ú ITRAN ¤½¥q«e°w¹ï ¥Ø SCP ¤@»ù¯ëªº³ø ¤ w¸ g ¨ ì ¹ F US$6 ¡ A ¦ Ó Echelon ° w ¹ ï ³ o - Ó ± ¡ § Î ¡ A - ì ¥ » ° ª ¹ F US$35-45 ªº Neuron transceiver ¦b 2003 ~XC©ó ¦ ¥À± § US$10 ªº LonWorks Transceiver ¸Ñ¨M¡A³t¹q·½uºô ¤è®× ¨«°ª¬Æ¦Ü ¸ôªº Homeplug ªº Intelon ¤½¥q¤]«ÅºÙ 2003 ¦~²Ä¤T©u±N±À ¥X§C©ó US$10 tF ³éÇ¿Ó¶¦ ×¹« 14Mbps ¨M¡AÁöµM®a®x ªº¸Ñ ¤è®× ¦Û°Ê¤Æ§Þ³Nªºµo®i¤w¸g¦³¤G¤Q¦~¥H¤Wªº¾ú¥v¡A¦ý¬O³o¨Çª¬p ¬O¹L¥h´X¦~¨Ó«e©Ò¥¼¨£ªºÆ±¡AÁô¬ù¤@ªÑ±q¤W´å¶}©l ªºÅX°Ê¤O¤w¸g±Ò°Ê¡C ³Q ¦b°ª³t¹q·½u¡A¥D-n¥H ¤À¸ôªº³¡ HomePlug ·Ç¬°¥D¡A¥Ø ¼Ð «eªº¶Ç¿é³t²v¬° 14Mbps ¡ A ¦ b ¤ µ ¦ ~- C ½ Ï ¸ ` « e © Î ³ · | ¬ Ý ¨ ì HomePlug 45M ¥ H ¤ W ª º ² £ « ~ ¥ X ² { ¦ b ¥ « - ± ¤ W ¡ A ¦ Ó ® Ú ¾ Ú ¥ Ø « e HomePlug ³W¶ZÂ÷³Ì¤j¥i¹F ¿é¨Ó¬ÝÇ®æ 999 feet ¦ý¬O·|¸Ó¨ó ¡A ¨ÃSªº¥¬¹ê»Ú¦³¤½ throughput ¡A ÁA¸Ñ¦b¦P¤@ ¾Ú´ú¸Õ¼Æ ¦ý¤@¯ë ©Ð³t«×¥i¹F »Ú¶Ç¿é¡ªº¹ê 5Mbps ¥H¤W¡A¥i¯à¤ñ 802.11b yL µ · °ª¤@ÂI¡A¦ý¬OÂ÷¶}¦P¤@©Ð¶¡¤§«á°ª³t¹q·½uªº²£«~ªº¶Ç¿é³t «×¥i¤U¨Ó ¯à±¼ 1-2Mbps¡A±q³oÂI¬Ý¨Ó 802.11b ±j¦h¤F¡A¬O ¦ý 802.11b ¶Z¡A°ª³t¹q·½u²£«~¿é¶ZÂ÷¦b·s ¦³Ç¿é ¨î-Â÷ªº ªºÇ ªº©Ð«Î½u¥i¹L©ó ¸ô¤À³ »·°ª 802.11b ¶Z¡A¦ý¬O¿é¶Ç ªºÇ¿é Â÷ ³t«×¥i¤ñ¯à 802.11b §C 1-2Mbps¡A³o¬O¦b 14Mbps ªº¸Ñ¨M¤è ® × ¤ ª º ¹ ê» Ú ª ¬ p¡ A ¦ ý © γ ¦ b 45Mbps ¥ H¤ W ª º ¸ Ѩ M ¤ è ® × ¥ X² { ¡A¦³¥i¯à¦b¶Ç¿é³t«×»P¶Ç¿éZ³£¤j´T¶W¹L «á Â÷ 802.11b³ ¡C¡]¦ ¥i¥N ¯à¨ú 802.11b ªº 802.11g ¨ä¶ZÂ÷¤j¦b ¬ù 150-250 feet ¤§¶¡ ; ¤]´N¬O 11g Zb é¶Ç¿ºª ¦÷ 11a (100 feet)»P 11b (300 feet)¤§ ¶¡^C¦è¯Zªº¤ú Ó DS2 ´¹¤ù½¥q©ó 2002 ~wgH ¦ ¤ ¸ ¥ 45Mbps ªº¤è®×¸¹Ù¬O¥Ø«e¥@¬É³Ì§Öªº°t¹q·½u¶Ç¿é§Þ³N¡A¸Ó´¹¤ù ¸¹ºÙ¥i¹F¨ì 200Mbps ¶Ç¿é³t¡ªº C¥Ø«e «× 45Mbps ªº²£«~¤w¸g ¥X³f¡A¥Ñ¯«¸£¬°¨äN¤u¡A«È¤á¦³°ê¹q¤O¤½¥q¡B Toshiba ¤Î µ¥¤j¼t¡C ¦íÍ°ÓªÀ ¥¼¨Ó¹q·½u¤Wºôª°¦¨ø¥D-n¬O¦]¬°®a®x¤º³¡sºôª»Ý¨D¡A ¤Î¼t°Ó¤j¤O«P¾Pªºµ²G¡A¨Ò¦p¥N¤uªº ¨È¦° Siemens ªº¾À±¦¡ ªº¹q·½ u³sºôÂà±µ¾¹ (adapter) ¡ A Å é ¿ n ¤ p ¡ A » ù ® æ ¤ S § C ¨ ì ¥ u » Ý US$49¡A¡A-Y¬O¥H®a¤ Desktop PC ·QÃB¥~§G½u¦Ó@¥Î¼eÀW ¤£ ªº±¡p¡A³o-Ó US$49 «~¬O¡A¦]¬° ²£ ªº¿ï¾Ü¤£ù 802.11b ªº²£ «~³£»Ý-n¥tÁʤ@¤ù PCI ¥ d ¬ ù US$40 ¦ A ¥ [ ¤ W ¤ @ ¤ ù 802.11b©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003
  10. 10. 6 ______________________________________________ Advisory & Intelligence Service Program - Communications PCMCIA dù¬ ¥ US$25An ¡ ]-¤ US$65 ¤W¤U¡A³t¤W «× 14Mbps ¤]³Ó¹L 802.11b ªº 11M ©Ò¥H¦b¬Y¨Ç±¡ªp¤U¨Ï¥Î ¡A WiFi 죨¤¬¦ «H¸¹ªº¦aÂI©Î¬O¦h¥x PC ¶q¤U¥h¨Ï¥Î¹q·½u§Þ¶Ç¿é ªº¦¨¥»Ò ³N¤]¬Oªº¤@¾Ü¡C ·í£¿ù¬Û ¿ïºØ µL½u ¤ j ¦ h¼ Æ ª º WiFi µ L ½ u § Þ ³ N ¸ Ñ ¨ M ¤ è ® × ¥ Ø « e ¹ ï © ó Smart Home Control Network ¶Q¡A¹F¥¨ìºô¸ ¤´ûÓÀ³¥Î¨»ªº ¥¼¨Ã ¯à´O¤J¦b¦U¸gÀÙ¦¨¥»¡AÄ´¦p»¡ ³Æ¤ªºÃþ] US$5 ¥H¤U³oªº¼Ë ¤ô·Ç¡C¥H Bluetooth ¶Ç¿é³t¬ù¦b ¨Ó»¡ «× 720Kbps¡A¦b »ù®æ¬ US$10 HUA 2003 ¦~¡A¦pªG¶q¤j¡A¨ä¼t°Ó ¥ ¤ ¡ »ù®æ¥«³õ¹êÚªº «Ü »ù®æ¦³¥i¯à¤j´T¦V¤U¡A¶Z¦b ¾ã½Õ Ç¿é Â÷¬ù 30 APÉ® ¡ º§¤`^- ¦ ¤@-Ó³æ¯Âªº Bluetooth ¥ u ¯ à ³ s ± µ ¤ K - Ó ³ ] Æ ª º - ¨ î µ ¥ ¡ A ¨ Ï ± o Bluetooth ¤£¬O¾A©ó ¨Ã «Ü ¥Î Control Network¡C ¦Ó ZigBee(IEEE 802.15.4)¤¬°Ä¹®a¡A¥¦¬O¤@¥Ø-Ó ¾÷·|¦¨]³ «e¥¿¦bµo®i¤§C³tªº PAN (personal area network)¸Ñ¨M¤è ¡C¥D-n¶D¨D¬°§C¯Ó¹q¶q¡B§C¶Ç¿é³t²v¤Îµu¶Z¡A ®× Â÷ ZigBee ¶Ç ¿é¶ZÂ÷²z½×¤W¥i¹F 75 ¡A¹q©Ê«D±`§C¡A´¶³q¹q¦À§Y¥iºû ¤Ø½ ¯Ó «ù 2 ¦~¥H¤Wªº¹Ø©R¡CµM¡A¯Ó¹q§C¥D-n¬O²v§C¡A©Ò¥H ·í ¥¦]¬° ¥¦³¤@¯ÊÂI§Y¦b©ó³t²v¶È¦³ -Ó ¿é¶Ç 250Kbps¤Î¡A¤£ Bluetooth ªº 1Mbps¡C¥Ø«e§ë¤J ZigBee ¶}µo¦«Ã¹©Ô¡A§¡ ¤Î¼¯-¸§Q®úªº -p¹º¦b 2003 ¦~©³±À¥X¡A§Q®ú¹w¡AÀ³¥Î©¥D´¹¾÷ºÝª ¤ù´¹ -¸ ¦ô ó ¤ù¦¨¥»¬ US$2.5¡A¥L²×ºÝ£«~¶È-n ¨ä ªº¦¨¥» US$1.5¡C ¹q¸Ü½u ¥Ø«e¹q½u¨M¥H ¸Ü ªº¸Ñ ¤´è®× HomePNA ¬°¥D ¦Ó ¡A HomePNA ¥Ø«e¦³ 1.0 ©M ·Ç¡A 2.0 ¨â-ӼР1.0 ¿é³t¬ù«× ·Çªº¶¼Ð 1Mbps¡A 2.0 ¼Ð·Ç¥i¹F¨ì 10Mbps¡A 3.0 ºÙ¥i¹F¨ì ¼Ð·Ç¸¹ 100Mbps AØ ¥ ¡ «e©Òª¾¥xÆW¼t°Ó¨ÃµL¥ô¦ó¤@®aÄ~Äò¸ ÀH³o-Ӽзǥhµo®i²£ ~A HomePNA P « ¡ æ»®ù HomePlug ®æ¬Ût¤£j¡A¥«³õ»ù®æ »ù ¬ù¦b US$20-25 ¡C³o-Ó²£«~¸g¦b¥xÆW¥H ¤§¶¡ ´¿ ISP ¬°¥D¤O¦b¦í ¦v°Ï±À¹L¤@°}¤l¡A¦ý¬O³Ì«á¦]¬°¶Ç¿é~½è¤£¨Î¥Á²³ªºÏ ²ßºD¤£©ö§ä¨ì¤T¤á¥H¤W¦@¦P¥Ó½Ð¦°±Â¡A¥Ø«e¦h¥bÀ³¥Î©ó¶ºOctober 2003 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center CDOC20031023003
  11. 11. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó _______________________________________ 7 ©±µ¥¶°¦X¦¡í v¡] MTU¡þ MDU¡^¡A¦¨¬°¤j¼Ó¾÷©Ð¨ì¥Î¤áºÝ ªº¸Ñ¨M®×¡C ¤è ¤¶¥Ç¿é¼h Middle Layer ¼h-n¬O¥H ¤¶¥Ç¿é ªº¥D TCP/IP ¥D¡A¦³¨â-Ó¡A¤@ ¬° ªº¥ô°È -Ó¬O´£¨Ñ¦b¤£¦Pªº¶Ç¿é´C¤¶W¥i¾aªº³q°T«~½è¡A¥]¬A¦bºô¸ ¦ì¸m (networking address)ºÞ²z¤Î¸ô¥Ñ (routing)ªºA°È¡A¥t¤@ ª -Ó¬O´£¨Ñºô¸`ÂI¤¬Û«Ê¥]ªº¶Ç»¼A°È¡A¥]¬A¦p¦ó¤Á³Î«Ê ¥]ªºÞ²z¡A¦UºØ¶Ç¿é§Þ³N´N¬O¹B¥Î¤W-zªº¨â-Ó¯SÂI¨Ó¶Ç¿é»P ºô¸¤Æ³o¨Ç¸`ÂI¤Wªº³]Æ¡A³o¬O±¨îºô¸¤¥¼ÓªÁͶաC©Ò ¥H¹³q½u§Þ³Nªº · LonWork, SCP, EchoNet ©O ¥µ ¬Î IP °ò¦ ¤Uªº UPnP ©Î JiNi.µ¥³o¨Ç¶¿é§Þ³N¨ä¹ê³£¦¥h©w¸q¥L-̦b Middle Layer ©MAÓ¦ éÇ¿º¶ª ¡ ¬µ¦± UPnP ¦b³o¨S¦³©w¸q§C ¸Ìà ¶¥ªº³¡¤À (Ϲ£¨ 1)¡A·L³n¬O-n³]-p·f°t ¦]¬° SCP ¨Ó¹F¨î¦± «D IP ¡A¦Ó ¸ô³]Ʀªº°ò CEBus ¦]¬°¨Ï¥Î CAL(Common Command Language)y¥¨ » ¨Ó©w¸qªº¿ù»~°»´ú¡B°T®§ «Ê¥]¤ Àu¥ý©Ê¡B¿ò¥¢ªº°T®§¸Ó¦p¦ó³B²z¤Î¹ï°T®§ªº¦^À³µ¥¡A©Ò¥H ¦b CEBus ¤£¥]¬A ¨Ã OSI Model ¼h ªº²Ä¥|¤ Transport ¤Î²Ä ¤-¼h Session.¡] OSI Model ²Ä¥|¼h¥D-n¬O°µ end to end ªº°T ® § ½ T » { ¡ A ² Ä ¤ - ¼ h ¥ D - n¦ b©w¸ q ¤ Î « Ø ¥ ß ° T ® § ¬ d ® Ö I (checkpoint) ¤Î©w¸q»¼ªAªº«~¡^C ¶Ç °È ¼Æ¤Îµ{§Ç°Ñ½è °ª¶¥Ç¿é¼h Upper Layer ³o-Ó¼h¦¸©Òµo®iªº³q°T¨ó©w¥D-n¬O¥H³nÅ鬰¥D¡A©Ò¥H¥¦ÄÝ©ó Application level Ap¡» ¡ ´¦Ä EMIT ´N¬O¥H³n§Þ³N¬° Åé Base¡A ¥i¥H´O¤J¦b¹qªº³Æ¾¹] ²{¦³ 8 Bits MCU ¤W-±¡A LonWorks¡B X-10¡B ZigBee¡B SCP ³£¬O±q Upper level ì¨ó¸ Lower Layer¡A CEBus ¤£¸ó Upper Level ¡A UPnP ¤£§t Lower Level ¥¦]¬° ¸¹ºÙ Universal plug & play ©Ò ¥ H ¥ L ¥ i ¥ H ¬ [ ¦ b ¥ ô ¦ ó ¤ @ º Ø physical level §Þ³N¤W¡A ªº -± Jini ªº±¡p¤]¬O¡A¶]¤@¦üºØÃþ ¥¦ JAVA virtual machine ªº¬[c¡A§Aªº©¼h¬O¤°»ò³£¥i¥H ¤£½× ³ ¨Ï¥Î³o¥-xµo®i«~ªºÀ³¥Î¡C ºØ ¨Ó ²£©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003
  12. 12. 8 ______________________________________________ Advisory & Intelligence Service Program - Communications³Nµo®i ±¨îºô¸¶Ç¿é§Þ X10 ¼Ð·Ç X10 ¬ O ³ W ® æ ¤ ] ¬ O ¤ ½ ¥ q ª º ¦ W º Ù ¡ C 1976 ¦ ~ ¥ N Ä ¬ ® æ Ä õ ª º Pico Electronics ·í®É¨M©w§¥Î¹q·½u³o¿é´C¥h¶}µo¿O Q - ¤¶ ±¨î ¥ú»P®a¹qªº§Þ³N´NºÙ¬° X10¡A¥¦b 120KHz ÀW¬q¤W¥h»¼¶Ç ªº »P± ¨î°T¸¹¡A¶Ç¿é³t«×µø¹q·½ uªº Frequency ¦ Ó © w¡ A ¨ ä 120KHz ¦ b ¤ @ ¦ ¸ ¥ ¿ © ¶ ª i ¤ W - è ¦ n ¬ O ¥ X ² { ¤ @ ¦ ¸ ¡ A © Ò ¥ H ¦ b 60 -Ó Cycles (60Hz)¨ä¶Ç»¼³t«×¤U´N¬O¨C¬í 60 Bits¡A©Ò¥H¦pªG¬O 50Hz¡A¿é³t«×´N¬O ¨ä¶Ç 50 Bits ¡A¦Ó X10 ©w¦¦b§C»ùªº®a®x ì ¦Û°Ê¤Æ®M¥ó«³õ¡A¦b¾Ö¦³¥«õû²v²Ä¤@¦Wªº¨ÎÁZ¤Î¾P°â¤F 20 ¦~ªº¸g¡A Å礧«á X10 ¦ü¥G§ó²M·¡®ø¶O¨D¤Î²{¶¥¬qªº ªÌº»Ý ²£«~ªº©w¦¡A¥¦ªºD-n¶D¨D¥D-n¬OÂI À³¦ ì ¨â : «K»P«K©y ¤è ; ¤è «K«üªº¬O¾¹·f°t¹q·½u»P ±¥Îªº»³Ì` RF @Ǩ ¤ºª Sensor ºc¦¨³Ì² 檺¦Û°Ê¤Æ¡A¨Ã¤£»Ý-n¬I¤u¡A«K©y«üªº¬O X10 ªº 85%¥H¤W«~³£¦b ²£ US$100 ¥H¤U ¥H³o®Äªº¶D¨D»P ¡A ³æ¦Ó¼Ë² ©w¦¥´°Ê¤F¬ü°ê 즨 500 ¸U¥H¤Wªº®a®x¡AµM¦b²v ¤á Áö ¥«¦û ²Ä¤@¦Wªº±¡p¤U¡A¹ï©ó-n¾É¤J¹q·½u±¨îºô¸ÑM¤è®×ªº¼t ¡A °Ó-̦¨¥ X10 ¤TÂI»Ý-n¥H¦Ò¼{ ¦³ -Ó¯Ê [ : ²Ä¤@ÂI¬O¬O³æ¦V¡A·N«ä¬O¡A¤U¤F¤@-Ó«ü¥O¡A -Ó¯Ê ¥¦ ªº »¡ ¨Ï¥ÎªÌ ¦ý¬O§A¤£ª¾¹D³o-Ó¸Ëm¨s³º°Ê§@¤F¨S¡A¥¦¨Ã¤£·|^õX°T®§i ¶D§A»¡¬O§_¤w¸g°Ê§@¡C³o¼Ë¦b®a®xºô¸ªÀ³¥Î¤«K¤ÖF¬d¸ß ¸Ëmª¬ºA¡A¨Ã¥B©ó·í¦~©Ò-q©wª³W¥u¡G¡B ªº¥¯à ¥Ñ º ¯à®æ ¦³ ¶} Ãö¡B¯à©Ò¥HµLªkº¡¨¬§¹¥þ ¥µÂ²³æ¤ÎþÃö¶} Smart Home ¥Î¡C ·í¤ªºÀ³ ²Ä¤G-Ó¯ÊÂI¬O¶Ç¿é®É¡¤Ó[A¶Ç°e¤@-Ó«ü¥O«Ê¥]X¥h¡A¥[¤W head ¸ò end control code ¬ù 48 bytesAÝù»¬ ¡ 0.8 ¦Ü 1 ¬í¡A©Ò ¥H¦pªG¤@¨Ç ¦³ hand shaking ¤Ó¹L©ó©ÎªÌ¤@¦¸¤U«Ü¦hªº ½ÆÂø «ü¥O¨tÀ³©¤[¡C ·|Ï ²Î¦^ «Üµ¿ð ²Ä¤T-Ó¯ÊÂI¬O¥i¾a«×¤£°÷ª¡A«H¸¹«Ü®e©öÂX´²¼Ò½k¡A¦³¤@¨Ç ¹qµø©Î¦B½c¦pªG³s±µ¦b¦P¤@±Æ¹q½u¤W¤zÂZ¡C · ¨ì±`·|ü®ÉOctober 2003 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center CDOC20031023003
  13. 13. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó _______________________________________ 9 CEBus ¼Ð·Ç CEBus ªºµo®i¨M¤F¥»-ì ¸Ñ X-10 ªº¤@°ÝÃD¡A¦p ¨Ç Ä´ X10 ªº²Ä ¤@-Ó¯ÊÂI¡G³æ¦V¶Ç¿é¡A CEBus ¤w¸gµo®i¾ãªº³W¡A ¯à§ó¹¥ ®æ ¥i¥HÂù¦V·¾³q¡F X10 ¤G-Ó¯ÊÂI ªº²Ä :¶Ç¿é³t«¡A¦b × CEBus Data Link layer ¶Ç¿é 1,500-1,600 bytes ¤j»Ý-n ®É ¬ù¶È 0.01 ¬í¡F X10 ªº²Ä¤T-Ó¯ÊÂI¡G¥i¾a«×¤£°ª¡A¦Ó CEBus ¤w¸g§¹¾ãªºµo®i¥X CAL¡A¤@ºØª«¥ó¾É¦Vªº»y¨¥¡A¥Î¨ÓÏ°T®§ªº¶Ç»¼ó¥[i¾a¡A ¤Î½T«O©Ò¦³²£«~ªº°Tµo°e©Î¦^õX¤£·|¦b¦Pµo°e¡C ®§ ®É¶¡ ¥Ñ©ó Microsoft ªº SCP(Simple Control Protocol ) ¤]¬O®Ú¾ CEBus ªº CAL »yµo®i¥X¨Ó ²{¦s ¨¥ ¡A ]¹ CEBus ¸m¥i»P Ë SCP ¸Ëm¡A¥ýµo®i ¾Þ±¬Û¤ -ì CEBus ²£«~ªº¼t°Ó¤]¥i¥HÂà«Ü§Ö²¾ ¨ì SCP §Þ³N¤W¡A ©Ò¥H¥i¥H³o»ò¡ CEBus + Home Plug & Play ªº¤U¤@¥N´N¬O SCP + UPnP¡A³o·Qªk»P§@ªk¤w¸g¥R¨ì¤Àü -Ó CEBus Industry Council ª º ¤ ä « ù ¡ C ° £ ¦ ¹ ¤ § ¥ ~ ¡ A ¥ ¦ ¨ « ª º ¬ O 100-400KHz ®iÀW³N¡A¨C¶q¬ù ªº §Þ ¿é¸ê®Æ¬íÇ 10Kbps¡C Lonworks ¼Ð·Ç Motorola ¬O-I«áªº¤jªÑF¡A LonWorks ¬O¤@ºØÂI¹ïÂI (peer to peer)ªº ô¸ ± ¨î§Þ³N¡A¥H¹q·½ u¬°´C¤¶®É¨ä Ç¿é³t²v¬ù 5Kbps¡A³Ì¦h¸`ÂI¬ù¼Æ 500 ¡A«ö·Ó¤C¼h -Ó OSI Model AoÓ- ¡ ³ ³q°T§Þ³N¨Ï¥Î¤F 1-7 ¼h°µ³W½d¡A ¨Ó Lonworks ³q°T¨ó©w´N¬O ªº Lontalk ¨ó©w¡C Lontalk «ÅºÙ 97 %iaADnPOHPOAºª«¦¨¥ º¥ª ¾ ¡×« ¥ - » § ¤ £¦¤ ¬ºª ¡ ¬O¯¶ÀW¡A¦Ó¥B¬O¦³Wªº Dual carrier frequency operation ªº p³¡]A -b ¦ C band -Ó·í¤¨â peak ¬O 115KHz ¤Î 132 KHz ¨â-Ó ÀW¬q¡]¬ù 110-140KHz¡¡A¤ä´©¬w³W½dªº ^ ¼Ú A band ªº¬O 75 KHz ¤Î 86 KHz Wq ÀÓâ-¨ ¬ (¬ù 70-90KHz)¡C ¡u Neuron¡v Chip LonWorks ª º µ w Å é © M ¦ b º ô ¸ ô ¤ § · ¾ ³ q ¨ ó © w ³ £ ° µ ¦ b ¤ @ ¶ ô ¡u Neuron¡v Chip ¸Ì-±¡A¤T-Ó ¥¦¸Ì-±³ 8 ¦ì¤¸ªº MCUsA⨠¡ -Ót³d¦æ³q°T¨ó©w¡A¤@-Ót³dÂIºÞ²z¡C¥H °õ ¸` ¤ÎÀ³¥ OSI ªº©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003
  14. 14. 10 _____________________________________________ Advisory & Intelligence Service Program - Communications Model ¡A ¨Ó¬Ý Neuron Chip ¬O¥]¬A¤F 1-6 ¼h¥u¯d²Ä 7 ¼h¥ÎÀ³ ¼hµ¹¶}o¼t°Ó¥h©w¸q¡C ªí¤@ Echelon Channel Type À W ¹ Dà þ « ¬ ´C¤¶ ¼Æ¾Ú³t²v ³Ì¦h¸`ÂI¼Æ ³Ì¤j¶ZÂ÷ (Channel Type) (Medium) (BiteRate) (Max. Devices) (Max. Distance) Twisted pair, TP/XF-1250 1.25 Mbps 64 125m Bus topology TP/XF-78 Twist pair 78 Kbps 64 1,330m Twist pair, 500m(free Free or bus topology) TP/FT-10 78 Kbps 64-128 topology, 2,201m(bus Opt. Link power topology) PL-2X Power Line 5 Kbps ~500 µøÀô¹Ò¦Ó©w IP-10 Lonworks over IP µø IP ºô¸¦Ó©w µø IP ºô¸¦Ó©w µø IP ºô¸¦Ó©w ¸ê®Æ¨Ó·½¡G Echelon¡A¸êµ¦·| MIC ¾ã²z¡F 2003 ¦~ 9 ¤ë LonWorks ÀuÂI LonWorks ¸û-«nªºÀuÂI¦p¡G ¤ñ 1.¤³W¡A´£¨Ñ¥i¹w´ú ½×ºô¸£ ¼Ò ¶¡ªº¦^À³®É 2.¤ä´©²V©M«´C¤£¦P³t«×©¦¨Ò²Õ ¬ªº¶Ç¿é ¶Î ¿é¶Ç ªºô¸ 3.¹³q°T³q©Ê ¤£¹³ ïµ¥ªº ¤¬ ¡A X10 ªº¥D±q³q°T¬[ºc¨ü- ¡C Universal Plug and Play (UPnP) ¼Ð·Ç ·L³nªº¤f¸¹¬OÅý®a®x¥Í¬¡§ó²³æB¤è«K¡B´r§Ö¡C¨ãÅé¥]¬A¤T - Ó ¤ è ±¡ G (1). ®T¼Ö (2). ³q«H (3). ±¨î¡C¨ä¤± î¬O«ü¹ï®a ¹q¡B®a®x¦w¥þ¨t²Î¡B¤Î AV ³]ƶi¡C »·µ{±¦æ UPnP ¬O·L³n©Òµoªº¤@ºØÂI¹ïÂIªº§Þ³N¡A³s±µ ¶} AV ³]Ƶ¥ ¨Ï¥Îªºô¸¤ UPnP¡] Universal Plug and Play^C ¡¡ UPnP ¬O ¤@¶µ¦b IP ¸ô¤W²{§Y´¡§Y¶}©¡A¥¦¬O¤@ºØ º ¹ê ¥Îªº ·Ç¨óij¼Ðñ«¬ web base ªº³q°T¨ó©w¡A¥¦¨ÏΤF TCP/IP¡B HTTP¡B XML ¥H ¤Î SOAP (Simple Object Access Protocol)¡A¥L°÷¶]¦b¦P ¯à ¤£ ªº¶Ç¿é´C¤¶W¡A¦p¡G¹q½u¡B ¸Ü RF¡B¬õ¥~½u¡B Ethernet ©Î IEEE 1394¦ C O¡ý¬ UPnP ¦³¤@-¨î´N¬O»Ý-n³ÆºÝª] Ó CPU ¯à°÷¶] TCP/IP stacks¡A®a³Æ¤ªº²{¦] ¦Ó CPU jO ¤ £¬³ 8 Bits ¥H¤U¡A©Ò¥H¤~¦³ SCP ¥X²{¡C ªºOctober 2003 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center CDOC20031023003
  15. 15. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó ______________________________________ 11 ¥Ø«e UPnP ©Ò³W½d¥X³W®æ¦³¤CºØ ¨Óªº : (1). Internet Gateway (2). Media Server (3). Media Reddener (4). Printer (5). Scanner (6). HVAC (7). Basic Device ¦ý¬O¦ü¥G«e¯u¥¿§Q ¡C ¥Ø ¥Î UPnP ¼Ð·Ç©¶}µoªº²£«~¤£¦h¡A¥Ø«e¦Ê-û¬ù³¤»·| ªº Ò ¨Ã ¨£ ®a¡A³o»¡©ú¤F¤j®a¹ï ¤] UPnP »P¡A³oªº´Á±æ»P ªº´Á±æ ¤ä«ù ¼Ë ·L³n¹Ï¤£µLÃö«Y¡C±q ªº¥ø WinMe ¥X¡A¥i¥H¤U¸ü ªº±À «á UPnP ªº¼Ò²Õ¨ì WinXP ¥ ¿ ¦ ¡ ´ O ¤ J UPnP ¼ Ò ² Õ ¡ A ¨ ì 2004 ¦ ~ ª º Longhorn ¥]¬A UPnP+SCP ¨Ó¬Ý¡A·L³n®a®xªº¥«³õ ªº¼Ò²Õ ¹ï ¨M¤ß¦ü¥G¥i´Á¡C Simple Control Protocol (SCP) ¼Ð·Ç SCP ¬O¤@-Ó§KÅvÂI¹ïÂI³N¡C·L³n¡B ª÷º§Q ªº§Þ GE¡] General Electric¡A³q¥Î¹q¡B ¾¹¡^ ITRAN¡B SMART¡BÎ ¤ Domosys µ¥³s ¤â¦X§@¡C SMART ¤½¥q¤Î Domosys ¤½¥q¬O¸gÀç®a¹q«~ ±¨î²£ ªº¤½¥q¡C³o¨â®a¤½¥q¦³¾Ö CEBus ¤Î Home Plug&Play §Þ³N¡C SCP ¬ O ° w ¹ ï ¦ b ³ B ² z ¾ ¹ © Ê ¯ à ¤ è - ± ¨ ã ¦ ³ « ] - © Ê © Ò - l ¥ Í X ¨ Ó ª º ¨ ó ©w¡B¹q·½u¡] §Q¥Î PLC¡G power line carrier¡§C»ù®æ§C³t ^ªº ²v¨ó©w¡C¸Ó¨ó©w³©w¸q¬° ªºô¸ Q UPnP ¥R¨ó©w¡C ªº¸É ±N UPnP »P SCP ¦X¡A¥i¥H³q¹L¤@±¨î¦p¹q¿O ²Õ «á ¸ôÅÞ¿èº-Ó Âøªº®a¹q²£«~¡C§YÀ³¨Ï¤£¹ï ¶}Ãö¤Î½Æ TCP/IP ³]Æ¡A¥u-n ªº ³q¹L SCP/PLC ¤¶§Y¥i¥H³s¤W®a®x¡C ºô¸ ·L³n±N¦b 2004-2005 ¦ ~ ± À ¥ X · s ª º µ ø µ ¡ § @ · ~ ¨ t ² Î ¡ A ¦ W ¬ ° Longhorn ¡ A ± q ³ o - Ó µ ø µ ¡ ª © ¥ » ¤ ¤ ¥ i ¥ H ¬ Ý ¥ X · L ³ n § V ¤ O ¥ ´ ³ y eHome ¥-xºc¡A³o-Óºc·Q¥D-n¬O§Q¥Î¹q½u¨Ó³s®a ªº ·Q · · ±µ ¹q²£«~¡A·L³n¥X¨â®M·Ç¡A¤À§O¬O ±À ¼Ð UPnP ¤Î SCP¡A UPnP ¬O¥Î¨Ó³s±µ©¥ÎÒ¦³ IP base ²£«~¼Ð·Ç¡A ªº¼Æ¦ì ªº SCP OÓΨ¥ ¬ ³s±µ©Ò¦³®a¹q³]³Æªº¼Ð·Ç¡A¨â-ӼзDZN¥Î·sªºµøµ¡³nÅé Longhorn ¸ôªº·¾³q¥-x¡A³o´N¬O·L³n ¬°¨âØÓµ eHome ¥-xªºc¡A©Ò¥H·L³nµ¦²¤·N¬O¥H ·Q ªº ¹Ï PC N ±ß¤ °¬ IP ºô¸ »P Non-IP ºô¸³sµ²°_¡A¥d¾¹¡C ¨Ó ¨Ó«³õ°µ¬¼ §Q¦ìªº §Q¥Î³o¨Ç²×ºÝ£«~¡A¤£¶È¥i¥H¨Ï¥Î¤w¸gÀx¦sªº¼Æ¾Ú¡A¬Æ¦Ü¤w ¸gÀx¦s¡AÁÙ¥i¥H-n¨Ï¥Î ¼Æ¾Úªº ¬Æ¦Ü ®Ú¾»Ý Internet ¤U¸ü¤@¨Ç ºô-¶ªA°È»P¡C¦b¶}µo¤ªº ¾Ú¼Æ ¥¿ ‘freestyle” Ciq ¡ ±É-¬ºª ¥ ³©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003
  16. 16. 12 _____________________________________________ Advisory & Intelligence Service Program - Communications ¹L»±¾Þ§@¨Ó¿ï¾Üµæ³¡A¼½©ñ¹qµø¡B¿ý¼v¾÷©M-µ¼Ö¥¤º®e¡C ¤£¥u¬O-Ó¤H¹q¸£ªº³s±µ¡AÁÙ±N§â®a¹q±µ¤Jºô¸¨Ã±o¥H¶i¦æ± ¨î¡C§Q¥Î³o¨Ç³q«H³W®æ¡A§Y¥iÀË´ú®a¤³s±µ¨ìºô¸¤Wªº²×Ý ³]Æ¡AÁÙ¥iÀË´ú®a¤³s±µ¨ìºô¸¤Wªº²×ݳ]Æ¡A¨ä¥Øªº¬O»· µ{¾Þ§@³o²£«~¡C ¨Ç×ºÝ ZigBee (IEEE 802.15.4) ¼Ð·Ç Zigbee ´N¦p¦P PURLnet¡B RF-Lite¡B Firefly¡B©M HomeRF Lite µ¥¹L¥hªºµu¶ZÂ÷µL½u³q°T§Þ³N¤@¼Ë¡A±j½Õ§C¦¨¥»¡B§C¯Ó¹q¡B Âù¦V¶Ç¿é¤Î·PÀ³ºô¸ô¥¯àµ¥¯S¦â¡C ZigBee ± Ä ¥ Î ª ½ § Ç ® i À W (Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum, DSSS)§Þ³N¡A¥i¦b¤T-ÓÀW ¬q¤W¶Ç¿é¸ê®Æ¡A¥]¬A²y ¥þ 2.4GHz ªº ISM ÀW¬q¡B¼Ú¬w¦a°Ï 868MHz ÀW¬q¡A»P¦a°Ï ¬ü°ê 915MHz ªº ISM ÀW¬q¡A¤£¹L¥Ø«e ¥H 2.4GHz ªº ISM §K¶OÀW¬q¬°¥D¡A¶Ç¿é³t²v¬ù 20Kbps¡ã 250Kbps¡A¶ZÂ÷ Ç¿é 10M¡¹q¶q»Pµo®g²vªº³]©w¤¦P ]¨Ì¯Ó ¥ £ ¥i¥H¨ì¹F 100M¡^ ¤@¦h¥i±µ ¡A ºô¸¤³Ì-Ó 255 ¡A¦b ºÝ³]Ʋ×-Ó 10 ¶Z¥i¹F ¤½Øªº Â÷¤º 250Kbps ¿é³t²v¡A-Y±N¶Ç¿éZ©Ô ªº¶Ç Â÷ ªø¦Ü 20 ¤½Ø¡A«h³t¥u³Ñ «× 30Kbps¡A¤]´N¬O»¡ Hi-Fi ¦Õ¾÷ªº À³¥Î¥u¯à¦b 10 ¤ ½ Ø ¤ § º ¡ A ¥ Ø « e ZigBee Á p · ù ¥ D ¾ É ¼ t ° Ó ¦ ³ Honeywell¡B Invensys¡B Mitsubishi Electric¡B Motorola »P Philips Semiconductors ¡COctober 2003 ©2003 Market Intelligence Center CDOC20031023003
  17. 17. Smart Home Control Network ªº§Þ³NºtÅÜ»P¨t²Î¾ã¦Xµo®i ¬Ý¥¼¨Ó ______________________________________ 13 ¹Ï¤G Wireless Application Landscape ¸ê®Æ¨Ó·½¡G ZigBee Alliance¡F 2003 ¦~ 9 ¤ë ¿n·¥§ë¤J ZigBee µo©Ô¡A-p¹º¦b ¶} ¼¯¦«Ã¹-¸§Q®ú¤Îªº §¡ 2003 ¦~¥¿¦¡±ÀX´¹¤ù¡A-¸§Q®ú¹w¦ô¡AÀ³¥Î©ó¥D¾÷ºÝª´¹¤ù¦¨¥»¬ US$2.5¡A¨ä¥L²£«~¦¨¥»¶È-n ×ºÝ ªº US$1.5¡A¦ý¬O¥Ø«e©|¦³¥¼ ¼Ë«~¥X¡C ¨Ó ¹Ï¤T ZigBee ¥Ø¼Ð«³õ ¸ê®Æ¨Ó·½¡G ZigBee Alliance¡F 2003 ¦~ 9 ¤ë©2003 Market Intelligence Center October 2003CDOC20031023003

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