Roman Culture

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Roman Culture

  1. 1. Roman Culture
  2. 2. Male Dominated Society <ul><li>Men ruled family </li></ul><ul><li>Women and children considered property </li></ul><ul><li>Patir Familias – “Father” of family was eldest male </li></ul>
  3. 3. Wealth of Rome <ul><li>Rome was richest city on earth </li></ul><ul><li>Traded using extensive road network </li></ul><ul><li>“ All roads lead to Rome” </li></ul>
  4. 7. Roman Slave Trade <ul><li>Romans traded heavily in slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Slaves came from all over empire </li></ul><ul><li>Many became gladiators </li></ul>
  5. 9. Gladiatorial Combat <ul><li>Romans forced slaves to fight to the death </li></ul><ul><li>Some were freemen who wanted riches and fame </li></ul>
  6. 10. Types of Gladiators <ul><li>Different classes of gladiator </li></ul><ul><li>Modeled after conquered armies </li></ul><ul><li>Often re-created Roman battles </li></ul>
  7. 18. Politics of Gladiators <ul><li>Gladiator games were sponsored by high ranking Romans </li></ul><ul><li>Success of games affected success of political campaigns </li></ul><ul><li>Games sponsor was called the “Editor” </li></ul>
  8. 19. The Coliseum <ul><li>Built by Emperor Vespasian in 79 A.D. </li></ul><ul><li>Held over 80,000 people </li></ul><ul><li>Built with slave labor and new invention: concrete </li></ul>
  9. 23. Spartacus <ul><li>Thracian gladiator who led 3-year slave revolt </li></ul><ul><li>Pillaged and plundered through Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Slave population was very high in Rome – revolt serious problem </li></ul>
  10. 24. Fall of Spartacus <ul><li>Had 120,000 followers – men, women, children </li></ul><ul><li>Won several battles against better outfitted Legions </li></ul><ul><li>Forces split apart </li></ul><ul><li>½ went to Gaul </li></ul><ul><li>½ stayed in Italia </li></ul>
  11. 25. Slave Crucifixion <ul><li>5,000 of Spartacus’ followers were crucified </li></ul><ul><li>Left to rot on the Apian Way for 10 years </li></ul>

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