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The long 19th century


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How the Americas Change assignment

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The long 19th century

  1. 1. Ning Site Posting #1<br />Justin Baker <br />History 141<br />Course 50587<br /> How the Americas Changed: The Long 19th Century<br />
  2. 2. Building American States: Canada<br />Canada did not have to fight for their independence<br />Canadian independence came gradually as Canadians and British agreed on general principles of autonomy<br />By the late 19th century, Canada was a land in control of its own destiny, despite ties to the British and the United States from the South<br />Until the late 18th century, French Canadians outnumbered British Canadians, so imperial officials made large concessions to their subjects of French descent in order to forestall unnecessary strife. <br />
  3. 3. Building American States: Canada<br />Ethnic divisions and political, differences could have easily splintered Canada, but the war of 1812 stimulated a sense of unity against an external threat<br />The United States declared war on Britain for encroachment on U.S. rights during the Napoleonic war. <br />So, the British Colony of Canada formed a frontline in case of a United States attack.<br />United States military leaders thought it would be easy to break the wall of the Canadians, and break the will of the British<br />Despite greater resources from the United States, the Canadian forces were able to repel the U.S. incursions<br />The victory created a sense of pride for the Canadians, and anti-U.S. sentiments became common for French Canadians and British Canadians<br />
  4. 4. The Little Ice Age<br />If it weren’t for the Little Ice Age, there would be many things us Americans and other people could not enjoy, one of those being beer. <br />There was mass starvations and malnutrition during this time because of how people grew crops.<br />Many Europeans stuck to what they knew, which was growing cereal grains. But no one wanted to plant potatoes or actual crops that could survive winter<br />From this, there has been increased techniques and knowledge of growing crops. Especially in cooler climate weather where crops can sometimes be hard to grow. <br />More than 90% of Americans prefer to drink beer and liquor compared to wine<br />Became a very important crop during the LIA because its ability to survive in cooler climates<br />
  5. 5. The Louisiana Purchase<br />The Louisiana purchase was the acquisition by the U.S. of 830k sq. miles of France’s claim to Louisiana in 1803. <br />The United States purchased Louisiana for around 15 million (210 million in 2010)<br />The Louisiana purchase included all or part of 15 U.S. states and two Canadian properties.<br />The land purchased contains current day:<br />Arkansas<br />Missouri<br />Iowa<br />Oklahoma<br />Kansas<br />Nebraska<br />Minnesota<br />North and South Dakota<br />northeastern New Mexico<br />northern Texas<br />Montana<br />Wyoming<br />Louisiana<br />Colorado<br />New Orleans<br />
  6. 6. The Louisiana Purchase<br />The purchase was a vital movement in the presidency of Thomas Jefferson.<br />At the time, it may have been unconstitutional, but at the time the U.S. constitution did not contain provisions for acquiring territory.<br />Thomas Jefferson bought Louisiana because he was afraid that France or Spain could possible block off all trade through the Mississippi.<br />Louisiana port that Jefferson bought so Spain or France could not stop trade<br />
  7. 7. Crossroads of Freedom<br />An event called the Death in September was not on September 11, 2001, but 139 years before.<br />This remains the single bloodiest day in American history. <br />6,300 Union and 6,500 Confederate soldiers killed and mortally wounded on September 17, 1862<br />This is not a photograph from the 1862 war, and does not nearly show enough bloodshed compared to the Death in September<br />
  8. 8. Napoleonic Wars<br />The Napoleonic wars were a series of conflicts declared against Napoleon's French Empire by opposing coalitions from 1803-1815.<br />French power rose quickly as Napoleon’s armies conquered much of Europe.<br />Napoleon’s army collapsed rapidly after France’s decision to invade Russia in 1812, when they were in no means ready for the freezing winter ahead.<br />
  9. 9. Haitian Revolution<br />The Haitian Revolution (1791-1804) was a period of conflict in the French colony of Saint-Dominigue.<br />This period ended slavery and resulted in the founding of the Haitian republic.<br />Although there were hundreds of rebellions amongst the slaves, only in 1791 was it successful in achieving permanent independence under a new nation. <br />The Haitian revolution is regarded as a defining moment in the history of Africans in the new world.<br />Although an independent government was created in Haiti, its society was still affected by French rule.<br />
  10. 10. Mexican-American War<br />The Mexican-American war was an armed conflict between the United States and Mexico from 1846 to 1848 over the annexation of Texas, which Mexico considered apart of their country.<br />The major consequences of the war was the forced Mexican cession of the territories of Alta California and New Mexico to the United States in exchange for 18 million dollars.<br />In addition, the United States forgave debt owed by the Mexican government to the U.S.<br />In the end Mexico agreed to have the Rio Grande as the national border and the loss of Texas<br />Battle of Veracruz 1846 – 1848<br />
  11. 11. Sources<br /><br /><br /><br />