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Playing Rules

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Exploring Creativity
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Playing Rules

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Some insights from my research terrains, all images clickable (linked with flickr hi-res version) and creative commons CC-SA.

Some insights from my research terrains, all images clickable (linked with flickr hi-res version) and creative commons CC-SA.

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Playing Rules

  1. 1. Playing Rules ! FabLab Conference, Toulouse 2012 ArtMap Musée Quai Branly, Paris 2012 CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication
  2. 2. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Who am I ? Jb
  3. 3. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Salient Kern ManifesteManifest Cerne Circumstances
  4. 4. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Strange Attraction Relation étrange • Symptôme • Symbole • Manifeste • Cerne • Présente • Re-présente • Objecte • Lie / Relie / Lire / Relire • Se Reçoit / Ce re-soi • Brise (sumbolein, tesson) • Recevoir / Re se voir • Double Unification • Réception / ‫קבלה‬ • Paradoxe • Hospitalité • Transporte (métaphore)
  5. 5. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication I m a researcher • PhD in Computer Sciences / Psychology • I m interested in phenomenae and experiences where situations and/or artefacts are new + appropriate • I manifest their exaptive nature, in reference to Stephen J. Gould
  6. 6. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication I m a guest • Ethnomethodology, participant-observer • I inhabit exaptive terrains • I co-create objects, environments and methods to research, observe & document with inhabitants who manifest hospitality
  7. 7. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication I m a documentor • Ethnography, Visual Documentation • Breaching, cosmopolitical experience design • I love to celebrate and understand relationships between physical objects, plants, animals and people.
  8. 8. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Approach • I capture narratives embedded in: • spoken stories • physical story-objects • gestures / non-verbal cues • spandrels / open spaces
  9. 9. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Spandrels • Lewontin and Gould (1979) • The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme • http://rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/205/1161/581 • Gould (1997) • The exaptive excellence of spandrels as a term and prototype • http://www.pnas.org/content/94/20/10750.abstract?sid=c80b8cc0-4a00-4bb6- ae92-3e9897ef5da5
  10. 10. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Spandrels • By-Product of Functional evolution, or design iteration • Morphogenetic By-Products Dorsoventral Pattern Formation in Graphosoma Lineatum
  11. 11. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Gould & Vrba • Exaptation: A character, previously shaped by natural selection for a particular function (an adaptation), is coopted for a new use̶ cooptation. (2) A character whose origin cannot be ascribed to the direct action of natural selection (a nonaptation), is coopted for a current use̶cooptation. Gould and Vrba (1982, Table 1)
  12. 12. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Exaptation • Flying is an exaptation • A secondary adaptation from thermic regulation evolution
  13. 13. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Epigenetic Landscape C.H. Waddington
  14. 14. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication How to capture a landscape ? • Visual Documentation Tools • Cameras, Sensors, Sketches • Experiential Documentation Tools • Memory, Echopraxia, Echolallia • Artefact creation and sharing
  15. 15. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Documentation Principles • Reflecting on intention, capture and reflection • Monitoring (Surveillance) vs Joint Attention • Edit-as-you shoot, in-situ, live selection of good-enough content
  16. 16. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication MetaDocumentation • Gregory Bateson Triade • 1. Morphogenesis • 2. Schizogenesis • 3. Semiogenesis • Asemantic Markers Over Time • Discriminate (schize) first, Reassemble later • Map/Reduce, Exploratory Sequential Data Analysis (ESDA) • Remember the Future!
  17. 17. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Documentation Environment http://web.media.mit.edu/~labrune/igarden/igarden-lg-final.ogv
  18. 18. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Inspiration • Reggio Emilia for adults ? • Reflective Documentation • Microgenesis & notation (Piaget, Ackermann) • 2nd Order Cybernetics (Heinz von Foerster, Ernst Von Glaserfeld) • Bootstrapping (Engelbart) • Introspective Languages for non-programmers (Alan Kay)
  19. 19. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Terrains & objects of study • Kindergarten, Contemporary Art activities for Children • Academic Research Ecosystems • Industrial Innovation Centers • Artistic residencies / workshops • Private places held by Collectivities e.g. fablabs • Individual projects with no category or identity
  20. 20. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Children and their parents
  21. 21. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Art
  22. 22. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Academia
  23. 23. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Innovation
  24. 24. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Open Places
  25. 25. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Individuals
  26. 26. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Preliminary Results • «Playing» seems to be constitutive of the terrains I inhabited • These terrains are full of paradoxes and surprising manifestations • They manifest «SupraNatural» [Hamayon, 2012] dimensions and artefacts
  27. 27. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Some TradeOffs Game vs Playing Demo vs Documentation Openness vs Emancipation
  28. 28. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Openness vs Emancipation • Centralized Power structures usually terminate (destroy) or recycle (spin) ludic cultures • religious devalorisation/recuperation • political control • socio-cultural normalisation • How to preserve their authenticity and their paradoxical nature ?
  29. 29. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Game vs Playing • Playing is essential and existential • who's the game master ? do we want one? • can we imagine games that change rules dynamically (nomic - stubber, calvin's ball, bootstrapping - engelbart) • how do we challenge (fight, compete) and dance (seduce, desire, sing) in new ways with plants, machines, animals, people?
  30. 30. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Demo vs Documentation • Documentation is cognition • document as you create, live-documentation • share and reflect with others plans, mechanisms and playful scripts to gain some collectiveIQ • from notation to annotation (Ackermann) • How to document and share faster, more easily and more efficiently ?
  31. 31. ephemeral Conclusion(s)
  32. 32. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Conclusion(s) • Symptomal & Symbolic • Symptomal: Demo, Open • Symbolic: Documentation, Emancipation , Gameplay
  33. 33. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Conclusion(s) • «esthétique du symptôme» • «Il faudrait donc proposer une phénoménologie, non du seul rapport au monde visible comme milieu empathique, mais du rapport à la signifiance comme structure et travail spécifiques (ce qui suppose une sémiologie). Et pouvoir ainsi proposer une sémiologie, non des seuls dispositifs symboliques, mais encore des événements, ou accidents, ou singularités de l image picturale (ce qui suppose une phénoménologie). Voilà vers quoi tendrait une esthétique du symptôme, c est-à-dire une esthétique des accidents souverains de la peinture» Georges Didi-Huberman Devant l image, 1990 • How to link observable symptoms to symbolic play ?
  34. 34. CC0 1.0 Universal (CC0 1.0) Public Domain Dedication Conclusion(s) • Explore collective introspection mechanisms suited for the complexity of the phenomena to be observed --> Digital Studies, Digital Humanities, Interdisciplines • Create tools to assist the documentation and debate in complex innovation cultures --> Research, Start-ups, Individuals (amateurs) • Tinker governance that celebrate playing & emancipation as much as gaming and openness --> Hackerspaces, Clusters, ThinkTanks, Institutions

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