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  1. 1. Ghana
  2. 2. History First African country togain its independence fromGreat Britain on March6,1957 Home of former UNsecretary General Kofi Annan
  3. 3. DressLadies Gents’Kaba& slit FuguSkirt & blouses ShortsDresses TraditionalPant suits pant suits
  4. 4. FoodWaakyeBankuJollof riceKenkey with fishOmotuo (rice balls)
  5. 5. EthnicityAround 24 million peoplewith 60 ethnic groups52 major languages and 100different dialectsRich culture differs fromethnic groups
  6. 6. Arts and CraftsSymbol of tradition andchieftaincy
  7. 7. The golden stoolThe Kente MusicEthnic or traditional music,normally played duringfestivals and at funerals
  8. 8. Highlife music, which is ablend of traditional and‘imported’ musicChoral music, which isperformed in concert halls BeliefsGod is supreme being, thecreator of the universe andthe sustainer of our lives…
  9. 9. We are one nation, onepeople, with a commondestinyEducation is the key tosuccessEducation4 years of Pre-school
  10. 10. 9 years of basic education6years of primary3years junior high4 years of high school3 year College of educationand health services4 year university Religion30 percent Muslim
  11. 11. 38 percent traditionalist24 percent Christian8 percent other(about)25 percent were Protestant(non-Pentecostal)13 percent, Roman Catholic2 percentProtestant(Pentecostal)1 percent IndependentAfrican Churches
  12. 12. ArchitectureTichittWalata is the oldestsurviving archaeologicalsettlements in West Africa
  13. 13. DiseasesCholeraTyphoidpulmonary tuberculosisanthraxchicken poxyellow fevermeaslesinfectious hepatitismalaria
  14. 14. Social ConflictThe relationship between the various ethnic groups in theNorthern Region has not been continuously stable. In
  15. 15. particular, conflicts have been smoldering for a long time between the Dagomba andNanumba on the one hand and the Konkomba on the other. In the eyes of many among the dominating Dagomba, the Konkomba are landless migrants, who came into theareas ruled by Dagomba only inthe colonial ages. However, this view of the origins and history
  16. 16. of the Konkomba in this region of Ghana is not shared by themselves, and it is not supported by the scientificresearch on this area, especiallynot by any academic writing on the Konkomba or Dagomba published before the 1994conflict, (Konkombas, Chambas, Kusasis, Sisalas and other ethnic groups are the original settlers of the area before the
  17. 17. arrival of the Mole-Dagbani). 1994 experienced the worst ethnic conflicts ever in Ghana. The conflict spread to other groups, and ended up withseveral thousand dead. In 1996this armed conflict was formallyended by a peace treaty signed in Kumasi by a large number ofofficial representatives, leaders and opinion leaders from each of the major war parties (van
  18. 18. der Linde/Naylor 1999; Bogner2009). However, smaller armed conflicts between varying opponents have continued to flare up now and then invarious places of the NorthernRegion (as well as in the area of the town Bawku in the neighbouring Upper East Region). The perhaps most momentous of the these conflicts was the dispute over
  19. 19. the succession to the throne (skin) of the highest chiefamong the Dagomba. In March 2002 this long-standing intra- ethnic dispute between two factions among the Dagomba led to three days of armed fighting in the royal town ofYendi and, in the course of thefighting, to the murder of theirdynastic leader, the Ya-Na (see e.g. Anamzoya 2009;
  20. 20. Awedobaet al., 2009). Partly due to these or similarrecurrent conflicts (usually of a smaller scale) many people have migrated out of the Northern Region. From thepopulation of 1,820,806 in the region shown in the 2000 census, it has now decreased by about 30%