International Maritime Organization


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International Maritime Organization

  2. 2. WHY WAS IT CREATED? Improvement of safety in maritime operations is effective if carried out at the international level.
  3. 3. BRIEF HISTORY Mid-19th century onwards 1912, Titanic, (SOLAS Convention) 1948, International conference in Geneva, formally establishing Inter-governmental Maritime Consultative Organization 1958, IMO Convention was entered into force 1982, renamed as IMO
  4. 4. BRIEF HISTORY1960, adoption of a new version of the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Facilitation of international maritime traffic, load lines and the carriage of dangerous goods, while the system of measuring the tonnage of ships was revised
  5. 5. BRIEF HISTORY1967, Torrey Canyon Incident 1973, International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships 1978, MARPOL 73/78 A system for providing compensation
  6. 6. BRIEF HISTORY 1988, GMDSS  1998, ISM Code  1995, STCW  2001, AFS  2004, BWM  2004, ISPS Code
  7. 7. 170 Countries that are members of the IMO Countries that did not sign Philippines is the 55th State that joined IMO on 1964
  8. 8. MEMBERSHIPMember States -170 Member States and 3 Associate Members Non-Governmental Organizations -77 NGO’s in consultative status -have the capability to make a substantial contribution Intergovernmental organizations -63 intergovernmental organizations which have signed agreements of co- operation with IMO
  9. 9. COMPOSITIONAssembly Council Maritime Safety Committee Marine Environment Protection Committee Legal Committee Technical Co-operation Committee Facilitation Committee
  10. 10. ASSEMBLYHighest Governing Body 170 Member States Meets once every two years in regular session Approves the work programme Votes the budget Determines the financial arrangements Elects the members of the Council
  11. 11. COUNCILElected by the Assembly for two-year term Composed of 40 member states Supervises the Organization and performs all the functions of the Assembly Appoints the Secretary-General Enters into agreements or arrangements concerning the relationship of the Organization with other organizations,
  12. 12. MARITIME SAFETY Established in 1948 Highest technical body of the Organization. All matters concerning: Aids to navigation Vessel Construction and equipment Safety Manning Rules for the prevention of collisions Handling of dangerous cargoes Maritime safety procedures Hydrographic information Log-books and navigational records Marine Casualty Investigations Salvage and Rescue COMMITTEE
  13. 13. MAR ENV PROTCTN Any matter within the scope of the Organization concerned with prevention and control of pollution from ships In particular it is concerned with the adoption and amendment of conventions and other regulations and measures to ensure their enforcement. first established as a subsidiary body of the Assembly in 1978 and raised to full constitutional status in 1985 COMMITTEE
  14. 14. Any legal matters within the scope of the Organization It was established in 1967 as a subsidiary body to deal with legal questions which arose in the aftermath of the Torrey Canyon disaster. LEGAL COMMITTEE
  15. 15. Acts as the executing or co- operating agency and any other matters related to the Organization’s activities in the technical co- operation field. Was established in 1969 as a subsidiary body of the Council, and was institutionalized in 1984. TECH. CO-OPERATION COMMITTEE
  16. 16. Relates to the facilitation of international maritime traffic These are aimed at reducing the formalities and simplifying the documentation required of ships when entering or leaving ports or other terminals. FACILITATION COMMITTEE
  17. 17. Consists of the Secretary- General and some 300 international personnel based at the headquarters of the Organization in London SECRETARIAT Mr. Koji Sekimizu of Japan is the Seventh Elected Secretary-General
  19. 19. ENTRY INTO FORCE Each convention includes appropriate provisions stipulating conditions which have to be met before it enters into force. Example: International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 -Requires acceptance by 25 States whose merchant fleets comprise not less than 50 percent of the world's gross tonnage Convention Relating to Civil Liability in the Field of Maritime Carriage of Nuclear Material, 1971, -came into force 90 days after being accepted by five States
  20. 20. Signature -treaty provides that signature shall have that effect -it is otherwise established that the negotiating States were agreed that signature should have that effect -the intention of the State to give that effect to signature appears from the full powers of its representatives or was expressed during the negotiations SIGNATURE, RATIFICATION, ACCEPTANCE, APPROVAL AND ACCESSION
  21. 21. Signature Subject to Ratification, Acceptance or Approval -signature does not signify the consent of a State to be bound by the treaty, although it obliges the State to refrain from acts which would defeat the purpose of the treaty SIGNATURE, RATIFICATION, ACCEPTANCE, APPROVAL AND ACCESSION
  22. 22. ACCESSION -signature does not signify the consent of a State to be bound by the treaty, although it obliges the State to refrain from acts which would defeat the purpose of the treaty SIGNATURE, RATIFICATION, ACCEPTANCE, APPROVAL AND ACCESSION
  23. 23. AMENDMENT In early conventions, amendments came into force only after a percentage of Contracting States, usually two thirds the “tacit acceptance” procedure provides that an amendment shall enter into force at a particular time unless before that date, objections to the amendment are received from a specified number of Parties.
  24. 24. THANK YOU!