203.03 doors & windows

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  • Stiles – vertical members Rails – horizontal members Panels – Thin material enclosed by stiles and rails
  • 203.03 doors & windows

    1. 1. Competency: 203.00 Draw Floor Plans Objective: 203.03 Determine door and window types.
    2. 2. Doors <ul><li>General Classifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flush doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth on both sides </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mahogany or birch plywood </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Panel doors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heavy frame around perimeter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stiles </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rails </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Panels </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Louvers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Exterior Doors <ul><li>Typical sizes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6’-8” tall by 1- 3 / 4 ” thick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entry door minimum 3’-0” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sloping sills to shed water </li></ul>
    4. 4. Exterior Doors <ul><li>Swinging doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinged </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swing into the house </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sliding doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wood or metal frames </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tempered glass </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to deck/patio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Common widths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6’-0” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8’-0” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>French doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mullions and muntins between glass panes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One large glass panes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Individual, pairs, groups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Garage doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Overhead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One piece or sectional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Widths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Singles: 8’, 9’, 10’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doubles: 15’,16’, 18’ </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Height generally 7’-0” </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Interior Doors <ul><li>Standard sizes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Height: 6’-8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thickness: 1-3/8” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Width: Varies based on 2” module </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standard widths </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entry: 3’-0” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bedrooms: 2’-6” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baths: 2’-0” or 2’-4” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closets: As large as possible </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Interior Doors <ul><li>Bi-fold </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set of two doors make up one unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hung on a track </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular for closets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sliding/Bypass </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hung on a track </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular for closets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used in wide openings </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Interior Doors <ul><li>Pocket doors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hung on a track </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slides into a wall cavity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frees floor space </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Packaged with framed pocket </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Double-action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spring hinge mounted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Swings two ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>One or two doors </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Windows <ul><li>Purpose </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Admits light </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides fresh air and ventilation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adds detail, balance, interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visually enlarges interior space </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Window Types <ul><li>Double-hung </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two sashes slide up and down </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most commonly used </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Horizontal sliding/gliding </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two or more sashes slide horizontally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operates on a track </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Casement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinged sashes; outward swing </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Window Types <ul><li>Awning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sash hinged on top; swings outward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows open unit during rain </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hopper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hinged sash on bottom; swings inward </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows for unusual shapes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fixed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not open </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combined with other windows </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Window Types <ul><li>Bay and Bow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed or casement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Project from structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bay windows offer traditional style </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sides drawn @ 45 0 or 30 0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Depth between 18” and 24” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roof structure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bow windows are in a circular pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Skylights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Built into roof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Admit light </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Door/Window Schedules <ul><li>Marks placed on floor plan identify doors & windows </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers or letters inside circles or polygons identify individual units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Placed close to door & window symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same mark used for doors/windows with same size and characteristics </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Door/Window Schedules <ul><li>Arrange all information about doors and windows in a chart </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Repeat marks on floor plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List number of doors/windows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>List size of individual and multiple units </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify types </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes material notes and special remarks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May include elevation drawings near chart </li></ul></ul>

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