Bergman, M. (1998, May 6). Search Tutorial: Guide to Effective Searching of the Internet. Effective Internet Searching Tutorial, 26. Retrieved from http://www.staff.amu.edu.pl/~uamzpoip/seminarium_mgr/sem_m_JWP/Guide%20to%20Effective%20Searching%20on%20the%20Internet.pdf
Source of information: www.ebizmba.com/articles/search-engines “Top 15 Most Popular Search Engines/December 2011” www.ebizmba.com/articles/reference-websites “Top 15 Most Popular Reference Websites/December 2011”Last updated: December 1, 2011Retrieved: December 1, 2011
Hacker, D., & Fister B. (n.d.). APA in-text citations. In Research and Documentation Online 5th Edition (Social Sciences). Retrieved from http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/RES5e_ch09_s1-0001.html
Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M.,Soderlund, L.,Brizee, A., & Keck, R. (2011). Reference List: Electronic Sources (Web Publications). OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/
Performing online research(pp 2007 format)
Performing Online ResearchBy: Joanne Agonias, CharlieCampbell, Naomi LandBoise State UniversityNURS 397 Fall 2011
Objective : To educate peers on how to properly and effectively performonline research. Overview• Define Research and its different types• List down the steps to performing online research effectively• Name some factors to consider when researching online• Know some do’s and don’ts to online research• Identify search engines for general topics and web resources for more scholarly information• Be able to properly cite online references using APA format
Introductionresearch[ree-surch] the diligent and systematic inquiry or investigation into a subject in order to discover or revise facts, theories, applications, etc.. The repetitious and continuous filtering of information (Dictionary.com, 2011).Why it should be done properly – to obtain the correct information needed to satisfy the requirement of the project, thesis, essay, etc.. It will also assist you in providing an informed opinion needed for such (Gil, 2011).
Types of Online ResearchHard research-• Scientific Combined research -• Objective Both hard and soft research combined.Soft research - Politics and topics of international economy are Subjective such types (Gil, 2011) Cultural Opinion-based
Steps to Online Research Questioning - understand the assignment and ask questions regarding the topic. Planning– specifics of the project, where should you look, etc.. Gathering– broad/initial searching and then narrow it down. Sorting and Sifting – put information in some sort of order, get rid of repeated info. Synthesizing– put it all together in a report. Evaluating– proofreading, making sure it satisfies the requirement, citing all of the sources (Shaw, 2003).
SOME FACTORS TO CONSIDER WHEN CONDUCTING ONLINE RESEARCH• Source of Information ▫ The credibility of the source of information is very important ▫ Tip : URLs ending in “.edu” or “.gov” are more legitimate• Date of Publication, and how often the site is updated• Objective Information vs. Subjective Information ▫ Objective Information: based on facts ▫ Subjective Information: based on opinions• Article does not emphasize a specific brand or company. It may be an advertisement.
Do’s and Don’ts:• DO know exactly the topic and the purpose of your research. Consider what kind of research project your instructor has assigned.• DO carefully phrase keywords to get better results.• DO understand Boolean operators“AND,” “OR,” “AND NOT,” and know how to use them effectively in keyword search. This technique will help narrow search results to a reasonable number of potentially useful documents (Bergman, 1998)• DO NOT rely on Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) as your main source of information. Even though it offers mostly factual information, this free online encyclopedia can be edited by anybody. Instead, use scholarly information from academic search engines.• DO NOT plagiarize.• DO always cite your sources. Use APA format to cite online references.
FOR BROAD/GENERAL TOPICSAccording to the eBizMBA articles (2011), the •These sites are good for comingMost popular search engines are: up with topics to research, • Google – www.google.com generating ideas, and formulating • Yahoo! Search – www.yahoo.com an outline for what to research. • Bing by Microsoft – www.bing.com • Ask – www.ask.com •These sites should not be used for • Aol Search – www.aol.com gathering actual research data and cite as main references unless they satisfy the requirements for valid research.Most popular reference websites for are: Wikipedia Yahoo! Answers About.com Answers.com eHow www.wikipedia.comwww.answers.yahoo.comwww.about.comwww.answers.comwww.ehow.com
Academic Search Engines for Researchwww.library.boisestate.edu – Here, one can search hundreds of databases to find relevant information. ▫ Some of the most useful databases for Nursing are CINAHL, Medline and PUBMED. ▫ Need to be a BSU student with ID and password.The CDC, Medline Plus, and PubMed are government websites that have health related articles available for free to the public.
How to Cite Online Sources Using APA formatIn-text Citation:• Here are some examples listed on Research and Documentation Online 5th Edition website (Hacker & Fister, n.d.) for APA in-text citations for electronic sources including online sources: Basic APA Format : (Author’s last name, year of publication) Example: Children who spent at least four hours a day watching TV were less likely to engage in adequate physical activity during the week (Atkinson, 2001). Unknown Author: (“Short form of the Title,” year of publication) Example: The body’s basal metabolic rate, or BMR, is a measure of its at-rest energy requirement (“Exercise,” 2003). Unknown Date: use the abbreviation “n.d.” (for “no date”) (Author’s last name, n.d.) Example: Attempts to establish a definitive link between television programming and children’s eating habits have been problematic (Magnus, n.d.). ▫ For more information and examples, please go to the website of Research and Documentation Online 5 th Edition, Social Sciences : APA in-text citations, http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/RES5e_ch09_s1-0001.html
How to Cite Online Sources Using APA formatReference Page Citation:• According to the Purdue Online Writing Lab (Angeli et al., 2011), to cite online references using APA format, here are some rules to follow: Follow the same guidelines for printed articles Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. In Title of book or larger document (chapter or section number). Retrieved from http://www.someaddress.com/full/url Use “n.d.” (for no date) if date is Italicize the title of the larger Arrange reference list alphabetically by the unavailable document last name and initial of the first author of each work. Use hanging indent paragraph style. Double space the entire reference list. When available, always use the article’s DOI when citing online articles as opposed to the URL. If the online article does not have a DOI, provide the journal’s home page address. What is a DOI? DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier. It is a long alphanumeric code unique to the document to provide a stable link for the online article since URLs may potentially change. Brownlie, D. (2007). Toward effective poster presentations: An annotated bibliography. European Journal of Marketing, 41(11/12), 1245-1283. doi:10.1108/03090560710821161 Go to: http://www.crossref.org for their “DOI Resolver or DOI Lookup” to locate an article’s complete DOI.
Online APA Reference Guides1. OWL at Purdue – http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/2/102. APA Reference Style Guide at Northern Michigan University (updated to 6th edition) http://library.nmu.edu/guides/userguides/style_apa.htm.3. APA Style at American Psychological Association website (view the free tutorial) http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx4. APA Style: The Social Sciences at the Research and Documentation Online 5th Edition website: http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/RES5e_ch09_o.html
ConclusionAlthough online research may appear to be an easy thing to do, there are many steps involved. The process may be tedious, cumbersome, and may make you re-think your topic, subject, etc. Here is a recap of what will help you take the tediousness out of your online research project: Make an outline of the steps needed for your online research project including estimates of how long each step will take. Only use credible sources and up to date data when doing searches. Use Boolean phrases to help narrow search field. Do not PLAGIARIZE. Do cite your work in text and in a reference list according to APA formatting.
ReferencesAngeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., Brizee, A., & Keck, R. (2011). Reference List: Electronic Sources (Web Publications). OWL Purdue Online Writing Lab. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10Bergman, M. (1998, May 6). Search Tutorial: Guide to Effective Searching of the Internet. Effective Internet Searching Tutorial, 26. Retrieved from http://www.staff.amu.edu.pl/~uamzpoip/seminarium_mgr/sem_m_JWP/Guide%20to%20Effective%20Searching%20on%20the%20Internet.pdfeBizMBA The eBusiness Knowledgebase. (2011). Top 15 Most Popular Search Engines/December 2011. Retrieved from http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/search-engineseBizMBA The eBusiness Knowledgebase. (2011). Top 15 Most Popular Reference Websites/December 2011. Retrieved from http://www.ebizmba.com/articles/reference-websitesGil, P. (2011). About.com. Internet for Beginners. How to Properly Research on the Internet. Legitimate methods, suggested techniques, good sense, and plenty of patience. Retrieved from http://netforbeginners.about.com/od/navigatingthenet/tp/How-to-Properly-Research-OnlineHacker, D., & Fister B. (n.d.). APA in-text citations. In Research and Documentation Online 5th Edition (Social Sciences). Retrieved from http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/resdoc5e/RES5e_ch09_s1-0001.htmlresearch. (n.d.). Dictionary.com Unabridged. Retrieved December 03, 2011, from Dictionary.com website: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/researchShaw, R. (2003). Tech & Learning. Teaching Students How to do Online Research. Retrieved from http://www.techandlearning.com/article/teaching- students-how-to-do-online-research/41215