World Bank

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World Bank

  1. 1. WORLD BANK
  2. 2. INDEX <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>COMPOSITION </li></ul><ul><li>OBJECTIVES </li></ul><ul><li>FUNCTIONS </li></ul><ul><li>ACTIVITIES </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>LEADERSHIP </li></ul><ul><li>ORGANIZATION </li></ul><ul><li>AREAS OF OPERATION </li></ul><ul><li>COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK </li></ul><ul><li>POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>CLEAN TECHNOLOGY FUNDMANAGEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>TRAINING WINGS </li></ul><ul><li>COUNTRY ASSISTANCE STRATEGIES </li></ul><ul><li>CRITICISM </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>WORLD BANK LOANS DISTRIBUTION </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD BANK AND INDIA </li></ul>
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>THE WORLD BANK IS AN INTERNATION-AL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION THAT PROVIDES LEVERAGED LOANS TO POOR-ER COUNTRIES FOR CAPITAL PROGRAMS WITH A GOAL OF REDUCING POVERTY. </li></ul><ul><li>WORLD BANK COMPRISES OF TWO INST-ITUTIONS:(1) IBRD (2) IDA </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>WORLD BANK GROUP COMPRIS-ES OF FIVE INSTITUTIONS……….. </li></ul><ul><li>(1)IBRD </li></ul><ul><li>(2)IDA </li></ul><ul><li>(3)IFC </li></ul><ul><li>(4)MIGA </li></ul><ul><li>(5)ICSID </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>WORLD BANK’S MAIN MISSION </li></ul><ul><li>IS TO REDUCE POVERTY…… </li></ul>
  9. 9. HISTORY <ul><li>THE WORLD BANK WAS ORIGIN-ALLY ESTABLISHED TO SUPPORT </li></ul><ul><li>RECONSTRUCTION IN EUROPE </li></ul><ul><li>AFTER WORLD WAR 2 BUT HAS </li></ul><ul><li>SINCE REFRAINED ITS MISSION </li></ul><ul><li>AND EXPANDED ITS OPERATION. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>WORLD BANK IS ONE OF TWO </li></ul><ul><li>MAJOR INSTITUTIONS CREATED AS A RESULT OF “BRETTON WOODS CONFERENCE” IN 1944. </li></ul><ul><li>INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND IS THE 2 nd INSTITUTION. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>1945-1968 </li></ul><ul><li>1968-1980 </li></ul><ul><li>1980-1989 </li></ul><ul><li>1989- PRESENT </li></ul>
  12. 12. COMPOSITION OF WB <ul><li>THE WB LENDS MONEY TO LOW AND MIDDLE INCOME GOVT. FOR 2 GENERAL USES : INVESTMENT PROJECT AND POLICY REFORMS. </li></ul><ul><li>IBRD </li></ul><ul><li>IDA </li></ul>
  13. 13. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>RECONSTRUCTION WORK </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCE POVERTY </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCE ILLITERCY </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCE DISEASE </li></ul><ul><li>REDUCE CORRUPTION, ETC….. </li></ul>
  14. 14. FUNCTIONS <ul><li>RECONSTRUCTION & DEVELOPMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTION OF INVESTMENT </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTION OF LONG RANGE BALANCED </li></ul><ul><li>GROWTH OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE </li></ul><ul><li>ARRANGING THE LOANS THROUGH OTHER CHANNELS FOR PRIORITY </li></ul>
  15. 15. ACTIVITIES <ul><li>MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS </li></ul><ul><li>FIVE KEY FACTORS </li></ul><ul><li>LOANS </li></ul><ul><li>GRANTS </li></ul><ul><li>OTHER SERVICES </li></ul>
  16. 16. LEADERSHIP <ul><li>ORGANIZATION/MEMBERS </li></ul><ul><li>THE IBRD HAS 186 MEMBERS COUNTRIES </li></ul><ul><li>THE IDA HAS 168 MEMBERS </li></ul><ul><li>NEARLY 10,000 STAFF MEMBERS ARE WORKING AT HEADQUATERS AT WASHINGTON DC. & IN OTHER 109 </li></ul><ul><li>OFFICES. </li></ul>
  17. 17. CONTRIBUTIONS BY NATIONS 4.30 FRANCE 4.30 U.K 4.49 GERMANY 7.87 JAPAN 16.39 U.S.A RATES % COUNTRY
  18. 18. <ul><li>AREAS OF OPERATION </li></ul><ul><li>COMPREHENSIVE DEVELOPMENT FRAMEWORK </li></ul><ul><li>POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY </li></ul><ul><li>CLEAN TECHNOLOGY FUND MANAGEMENT </li></ul>
  19. 19. TRAINING WINGS <ul><li>WB INSTITUTE </li></ul><ul><li>GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT LEARNING NETWORK </li></ul><ul><li>GDLN ASIA PACIFIC </li></ul><ul><li>COUNTRY ASSISTANCE STRATEGIES </li></ul>
  20. 20. CRITICISM <ul><li>KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT </li></ul><ul><li>WATER PRIVATISATION </li></ul><ul><li>BUSINESS & POLITICAL INTEREST OF MAIN STAKEHOLDERS </li></ul>
  21. 21. WB LOANS DISTRIBUTION ARGENTINA 7 INDIA 6 CHINA 5 PAKISTAN 4 TURKEY 3 BRAZIL 2 MEXICO 1 WORLD’S BANK TOP 7 BORROWERS
  22. 22. REGIONAL DISTRIBUTION OF WB IN 2007 7% WITH $1.7 BILLION MIDDLE EAST & NORTH AFRICA REGION 14% WITH $3.4 BILLION EAST ASIA & THE PACIFIC 16% WITH $3.8 BILLION SOUTH ASIA 17% WITH $4 BILLION EUROPE & CENTRAL ASIA 16%OF ALL LOANS, GRANTS AND CREDITS SOUTH ASIA ACCOUNTED $5.9 BILLION/26% OF THE TOTAL LENDING LATIN AMERICA &THE CARIBBEAN REGION
  23. 23. WB & INDIA 24 6.0 30 2.9 215.1 2005 23 5.5 29 2.1 85.1 1995 IDA IBRD TOTAL DEBT O/S TO WB WB’S LENDINGTO INDIA YEARLY (US $) INDIA’S PUBLIC EXP. YEARLY YEAR
  24. 25. <ul><li>THANK YOU </li></ul>

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