Oecd

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OECD

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Oecd

  1. 1. OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  2. 2. OECD <ul><li>groups 30 member countries committed to democracy and the market economy </li></ul><ul><li>provides statistics and economic and social data </li></ul><ul><li>analyses and forecasts economic developments </li></ul><ul><li>researches social changes and evolving patterns in trade, environment, agriculture, technology, fiscal policy and more </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Helping governments to </li></ul><ul><li>compare policy experiences </li></ul><ul><li>seek answers to common problems </li></ul><ul><li>identify good practice </li></ul><ul><li>co-ordinate domestic and international policies </li></ul>
  4. 4. Global partners OECD member countries Countries invited to open talks on potential membership Countries to which OECD is offering enhanced engagement (Click on map to view names)
  5. 5. <ul><li>30 member countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AUSTRALIA AUSTRIA BELGIUM CANADA CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK FINLAND FRANCE GERMANY GREECE HUNGARY ICELAND IRELAND ITALY JAPAN </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KOREA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LUXEMBOURG MEXICO NETHERLANDS NEW ZEALAND NORWAY POLAND PORTUGAL SLOVAK REPUBLIC SPAIN SWEDEN SWITZERLAND TURKEY UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Countries invited to membership talks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CHILE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESTONIA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ISRAEL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RUSSIA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SLOVENIA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enhanced engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BRAZIL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CHINA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INDIA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>INDONESIA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SOUTH AFRICA </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. OECD’s mission <ul><li>Article 1 of the OECD Convention defines the Organisation’s mission as being to: </li></ul><ul><li>support economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>boost employment </li></ul><ul><li>raise living standards </li></ul><ul><li>maintain financial stability </li></ul><ul><li>assist other countries’ economic development </li></ul><ul><li>contribute to growth in world trade </li></ul>
  7. 7. Who drives OECD’s work? Council Oversight and strategic direction Representatives of member countries and of the European Commission; decisions taken by consensus Committees Discussion and implementation Representatives of member countries and of invited non-members work with the OECD Secretariat on specific issues Secretariat Analysis and proposals Secretary-General Deputy Secretaries-General Directorates
  8. 8. OECD in action <ul><li>Data collection </li></ul>2. Data analysis 3. Collective policy discussion 4. Decision-making 5. Implementation
  9. 9. Major work areas <ul><li>Employment, education, social welfare </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ensure equal access to education for all </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote effective and accessible health systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fight social exclusion and unemployment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bridge the “digital divide” between rich and poor </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>analyse and publish comparative data </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>produce forecasts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>develop policies for growth and stability </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>foster open markets </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote cross-border investment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>share best practices </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>study how international development co-ordination helps developing countries </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>offer knowledge and experience to help countries or regions in the process of development </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Environment, sustainable development </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>make markets work for a healthier environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>use science and technology to benefit people everywhere </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>cut wastage and pollution </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>bring together member countries to discuss fundamental energy issues through the International Energy Agency (IEA) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Finance </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promoting liberalisation in financial services and the development of international financial best practices. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>working to promote investment policy reform and international co-operation. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>analysing national tax systems and their impact on labour, capital and product markets. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>studying the consequences of ageing populations and their implications for insurance and pensions. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Governance </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote effective public administration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>encourage companies to run their affairs better </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ensure transparent and fair tax systems </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>foster fair competition </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fight corruption and money-laundering </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>promote high ethical standards </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>encourage citizen-participation in policy-making </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a strong record on biotechnology-related topics through work that spans more than 25 years. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>improving our understanding of how Information and Communications Technologies (ICT) contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being and their role in the shift towards knowledge-based societies. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>development of indicators to benchmark countries' innovation performance. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. OECD achievements some examples <ul><li>Improving transparency and ethics in international business </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Principles of Corporate Governance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Bribery Convention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polluter-Pays Principle (PPP) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simplifying tax issues in international transactions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Model Tax Convention </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Helping emerging and transition economies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Co-operation programmes with emerging market economies including China, India and Brazil </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Some OECD facts Two official languages: English & French Secretariat staff: more than 2500 OECD’s headquarters are located in Paris, France OECD’s Secretary-General is Mr. Angel Gurría The OECD’s total budget is € 340 million (2007)
  17. 17. OECD communications <ul><li>publications (over 150 titles per year) </li></ul><ul><li>a regularly updated website (statistics, data, studies…) </li></ul><ul><li>a corporate magazine OECD Observer </li></ul><ul><li>radio and TV studios </li></ul><ul><li>an annual civil society Forum </li></ul><ul><li>OECD Centres (Berlin, Mexico City, Tokyo and Washington) which organise events to disseminate OECD’s work </li></ul>
  18. 18. For more information <ul><li>www.oecd.org </li></ul>References mentioned in the presentation: www.oecd.org/powerpointreferences

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