Hastings 2012 02 saving job

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Hastings 2012 02 saving job

  1. 1. Omaha Presbyterian School for Pastors Hastings 2012 Session 2
  2. 2. Saving Job
  3. 3. School for PastorsHear our prayer for the School forPastors, O Lord.
  4. 4. School for PastorsWe pray that you may grant, in accor-dance with the riches of your glory, thatwe may be strengthened in our innerbeing with power through your Spirit.
  5. 5. School for PastorsWe pray that you will dwell in ourhearts by faith, as we are establishedand grounded in your love.
  6. 6. School for PastorsWe pray that we may have the power tocomprehend, with all the saints, thebreadth and length and height anddepth of your love: to know this lovethat surpasses knowledge.
  7. 7. School for PastorsWe pray that we may be filled with allyour fullness, O God.
  8. 8. School for PastorsBy the power at work within us you areable to accomplish abundantly far morethan we can ask or imagine.
  9. 9. School for PastorsTo you be glory in the church and inChrist Jesus to all generations, foreverand ever. Amen. – from Ephesians 3:16-21
  10. 10. Saving JobJob 1:1Once there was, in the land of Uz, aman named Job.
  11. 11. Saving JobJob 1:1Once upon a time, in the land of Uz,there was a man named Job.
  12. 12. Saving JobJob 1:1That man was blameless and upright,one who feared God and turned awayfrom evil.
  13. 13. Saving Job“Nobody who believes in the doctrineof total depravity can be all bad.”
  14. 14. Saving JobThe author of Job clearly does notbelieve in the doctrine of universaldepravity
  15. 15. Saving JobJob 1:2There were born to him seven sons andthree daughters.
  16. 16. Saving JobJob 1:3He had seven thousand sheep, threethousand camels, five hundred yoke ofoxen, five hundred donkeys,
  17. 17. Saving JobJob 1:3and very many servants, so that thisman was the greatest of all the peopleof the east.
  18. 18. Saving JobJob 1:4His sons used to go and hold feasts inone another’s houses in turn; and theywould send and invite their threesisters to eat and drink with them.
  19. 19. Saving JobJob 1:5And when the feast days had run theircourse, Job would send and sanctifythem,
  20. 20. Saving JobJob 1:5and he would rise early in the morningand offer burnt offerings according tothe number of them all;
  21. 21. Saving JobJob 1:5for Job said, “It may be that mychildren have sinned, and cursed Godin their hearts.”
  22. 22. Saving JobJob 1:5This is what Job always did.
  23. 23. Saving JobHow old are Job’s children?
  24. 24. Saving JobHow old are Job’s children? The seven sons all have houses
  25. 25. Saving JobHow old are Job’s children? The seven sons all have houses The three daughters do not?
  26. 26. Saving JobHow old are Job’s children?If the three daughters are still at home,they are perhaps 10 -15 years old?
  27. 27. Saving JobHow old are Job’s children?If the seven sons have houses, they areperhaps 18 - 28 years old?
  28. 28. Saving JobHow old are Job’s children?Job is perhaps a grandfather?
  29. 29. Saving JobHow often do Job’s children havefamily feasts?
  30. 30. Saving JobHow often do Job’s children havefamily feasts? They rotate through 7 houses
  31. 31. Saving JobHow often do Job’s children havefamily feasts? They rotate through 7 houses Once a month?
  32. 32. Saving JobHow often do Job’s children havefamily feasts? They rotate through 7 houses Once a week?
  33. 33. Saving JobHow often do Job’s children havefamily feasts? They rotate through 7 houses Every evening?
  34. 34. Saving JobHow often do Job’s children havefamily feasts? They rotate through 7 houses There is a pattern of 7, which makes us think of another pattern of 7
  35. 35. Saving JobHow is it that Job offered burntofferings on behalf of his children?
  36. 36. Saving JobHow is it that Job offered burntofferings on behalf of his children? At the end of the cycle of 7
  37. 37. Saving JobHow is it that Job offered burntofferings on behalf of his children? On the Sabbath?
  38. 38. Saving JobHow is it that Job offered burntofferings on behalf of his children? Wait, can Job do that?
  39. 39. Saving JobHow is it that Job offered burntofferings on behalf of his children? Can’t just male descendants of Aaron offer burnt offerings?
  40. 40. Saving JobHow is it that Job offered burntofferings on behalf of his children? What about Korah, Dathan, and Abiram? (Numbers 16)
  41. 41. Saving JobWho is Job?
  42. 42. Saving JobWho is Isaiah?
  43. 43. Saving JobWho is Isaiah?Isaiah, son of Amoz
  44. 44. Saving JobWho is David?
  45. 45. Saving JobWho is David?David, son of Jesse
  46. 46. Saving JobWho is Zephaniah?
  47. 47. Saving JobWho is Zephaniah?Zephaniah son of Cushi son ofGedaliah son of Amariah son ofHezekiah
  48. 48. Saving JobWho is Job?
  49. 49. Saving JobWho is Job?Is there a single word to tell us that Jobis descended from Aaron, ordained tomake offerings?
  50. 50. Saving JobWho is Job?Is there a single word to tell us that Jobis descended from Levi?
  51. 51. Saving JobWho is Job?Is there a single word to tell us that Jobis descended from Abraham?
  52. 52. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Eliphaz?
  53. 53. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Eliphaz?Eliphaz the Temanite
  54. 54. Saving JobGenesis 36:9These are the descendants of Esau,ancestor of the Edomites, in the hillcountry of Seir.
  55. 55. Saving JobGenesis 36:10These are the names of Esau’s sons:Eliphaz, son of Adah the wife of Esau;Reuel, the son of Esau’s wifeBasemath.
  56. 56. Saving JobGenesis 36:10These are the names of Esau’s sons:Eliphaz, son of Adah the wife of Esau;Reuel, the son of Esau’s wifeBasemath.
  57. 57. Saving JobGenesis 36:11The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar,Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz …
  58. 58. Saving JobGenesis 36:11The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar,Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz …
  59. 59. Saving JobThus Teman was the grandson of Esau,the great-grandson of Isaac, the great-great-grandson of Abraham.
  60. 60. Saving JobTeman’s father Eliphaz was cousin toJudah, Levi, Naphtali, Joseph, and therest of the sons of Jacob.
  61. 61. Saving JobTeman was second cousin to Ephraimand Manasseh, the sons of Joseph.
  62. 62. Saving JobSo the Temanites would be thedescendants of Teman, and manygenerations later a boy born in thattribe might be named Eliphaz theTemanite
  63. 63. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Bildad?
  64. 64. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Bildad?Bildad the Shuhite
  65. 65. Saving JobGenesis 23:1Sarah lived one hundred twenty-sevenyears; this was the length of Sarah’slife.
  66. 66. Saving JobGenesis 23:1Sarah lived one hundred twenty-sevenyears; this was the length of Sarah’slife.Abraham was 10 years older, so 137
  67. 67. Saving JobGenesis 23:2And Sarah died at Kiriath-arba (that is,Hebron) in the land of Canaan …
  68. 68. Saving JobGenesis 25:1Abraham took another wife, whosename was Keturah.
  69. 69. Saving JobGenesis 25:1Abraham took another wife, whosename was Keturah.
  70. 70. Saving JobGenesis 25:2She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan,Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah.
  71. 71. Saving JobThe descendants of Midian would bethe Midianites
  72. 72. Saving JobThe descendants of Shuah would bethe Shuhites
  73. 73. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Zophar?
  74. 74. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Zophar?Zophar the Naamathite
  75. 75. Saving JobAlas, there seems to be no otherreference to Naamath in the Bible
  76. 76. Saving JobAlas, there seems to be no otherreference to Naamath in the BibleScholarly research has discovered onemore-contemporary reference:
  77. 77. Saving Job
  78. 78. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Elihu?
  79. 79. Saving JobWho is Job’s friend Elihu?Elihu son of Barachel the Buzite
  80. 80. Saving JobGenesis 22:20Now after these things it was toldAbraham, “Milcah also has bornechildren, to your brother Nahor:
  81. 81. Saving JobGenesis 22:21“Uz the firstborn, Buz his brother,Kemuel the father of Aram, Chesed,Hazo, Pildash, Kidlaph, and Bethuel.”
  82. 82. Saving JobThe descendants of Buz would becalled the Buzites
  83. 83. Saving JobThe land where the descendants of Uzlived might end up being called Uz
  84. 84. Saving JobThe land where the descendants ofMidian lived might end up being calledMidian
  85. 85. Saving JobThe land where the descendants ofCanaan lived might end up being calledCanaan
  86. 86. Saving JobThe land where the descendants ofIsrael lived might end up being calledIsrael
  87. 87. Saving JobJob lives in a place, Uz, that has thesame name as one of Abraham’snephews.
  88. 88. Saving JobJob’s friend Elihu is descended fromsomeone, Buz, who has the same nameas another of Abraham’s nephews.
  89. 89. Saving JobJob’s friend Bildad is descended fromsomeone, Shuah, who has the samename as Abraham’s sixth son byKeturah.
  90. 90. Saving JobJob’s friend Eliphaz is descended fromsomeone, Teman, who has the samename as the grandson of Abraham’sgrandson Esau.
  91. 91. Saving JobThe story of Job and friends is aboutpeople who are distantly related to “us”– they are our cousins, but not in thedirect Abraham - Isaac - Jacob line
  92. 92. Saving JobWhen would the people of Israelcompose and compile, perform andtreasure a story like Job?
  93. 93. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  94. 94. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCWhere are the stories from this in-between time?Time of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  95. 95. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCThe midwives Shiphrah & Puah (Exodus 1)Time of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  96. 96. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations who taught their children God was faithfulTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  97. 97. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations who taught their children God would redeem themTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  98. 98. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations who taught their children God had not forgotten themTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  99. 99. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations who taught their children to believe: despite appearancesTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  100. 100. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations suffering in painful bondage, but still believingTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  101. 101. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations suffering because God was silentTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  102. 102. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations suffering in fear that it might be all their faultTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  103. 103. Saving JobTime of the Patriarchs ca 1900 – 1800 BCGenerations that needed to hear a story like JobTime of the Exodus ca 1350 BC
  104. 104. Saving JobJob 1:8The Lord said to the Satan, “Have youconsidered my servant Job?
  105. 105. Saving JobJob 1:8“There is no one like him on the earth,a blameless and upright man who fearsGod and turns away from evil.”
  106. 106. Saving JobJob 1:9Then the Satan answered the Lord,“Does Job fear God for nothing?
  107. 107. Saving JobJob 1:10“Have you not put a fence around himand his house and all that he has, onevery side?
  108. 108. Saving JobJob 1:10“You have blessed the work of hishands, and his possessions haveincreased in the land.
  109. 109. Saving JobJob 1:11“But stretch out your hand now, andtouch all that he has, and he will curseyou to your face.”
  110. 110. Saving JobJob 1:12The Lord said to the Satan, “Very well,all that he has is in your power; only donot stretch out your hand against him.”
  111. 111. Saving JobThe book of Job turns on the fact thatGod and the Satan have a bet going
  112. 112. Saving JobThe book of Job, Theory 1:A poetical exploration of the Problem ofEvil; the narrative in chapters 1-2 and42 is a later addition by an editor whodidn’t get the point of the poetry.
  113. 113. Saving Job
  114. 114. Saving JobThe book of Job, Theory 2:A narrative exploration of the Problemof God and Humanity;
  115. 115. Saving JobThe book of Job, Theory 2:(most of) the poetry in chapters 3-41 isa rhetorical device, pointing in thewrong direction to build suspense
  116. 116. Saving JobJob 3:23Why is light given to one who cannotsee the way, whom God has fenced in?
  117. 117. Saving JobJob 4:8-9Those who plow iniquity and sowtrouble reap the same. By the breath ofGod they perish.
  118. 118. Saving JobJob 12:1-2Then Job answered, “No doubt you arethe people, and wisdom will die withyou.”
  119. 119. Saving JobJob 5-37Et cetera, et cetera …
  120. 120. Saving JobJob 30:18With violence God seizes my garment;he grasps me by the collar of my tunic.
  121. 121. Saving JobJob 30:19He has cast me into the mire, and Ihave become like dust and ashes.
  122. 122. Saving JobJob 30:20I cry to you and you do not answer me;I stand, and you merely look at me.
  123. 123. Saving JobJob 30:21You have turned cruel to me; with themight of your hand you persecute me.
  124. 124. Saving JobThe children of Israel, suffering inslavery in Egypt, could say that:
  125. 125. Saving JobThe children of Israel, suffering inslavery in Egypt, could say that:You have turned cruel to me; with themight of your hand you persecute me.
  126. 126. Saving JobThe children of Israel, suffering inslavery in Egypt, could say that:I cry to you and you do not answer me;I stand, and you merely look at me.
  127. 127. Saving JobThe children of Israel, suffering inslavery in Egypt, could say that:He has cast me into the mire, and Ihave become like dust and ashes.
  128. 128. Saving JobThe children of Israel would identifywith Job’s feeling of being cast off: I’mnothing more than dust and ashes,blown away by God
  129. 129. Saving JobWhat if the book of Job ended here?
  130. 130. Saving JobJob 38:1Then the Lord answered Job out of thewhirlwind:
  131. 131. Saving JobJob 38:2“Who is this that darkens counsel bywords without knowledge?
  132. 132. Saving JobJob 38:3“Gird up your loins like a man, I willquestion you, and you shall declare tome.
  133. 133. Saving JobJob 38:4“Where were you when I laid thefoundations of the earth …
  134. 134. Saving JobJob 38:5 – 39:30
  135. 135. Saving JobJob 38:5 – 39:30The natural order is way cool.
  136. 136. Saving JobJob 38:5 – 39:30The natural order is way cool.Look at the constellations!
  137. 137. Saving JobJob 38:5 – 39:30The natural order is way cool.Look at the constellations!How ’bout them mountain goats?
  138. 138. Saving JobJob 38:5 – 39:30The natural order is way cool.Look at the constellations!How ’bout them mountain goats?Ostriches, horses, and hawks, oh my!
  139. 139. Saving JobJob 40:1And the Lord said to Job:
  140. 140. Saving JobJob 40:2“Shall a faultfinder contend with theAlmighty? Anyone who argues withGod must respond.”
  141. 141. Saving JobJob 40:3Then Job answered the Lord:
  142. 142. Saving JobJob 40:4“Oops.”
  143. 143. Saving JobJob 40:4“See, I am of small account; what shallI answer you? I lay my hand upon mymouth.
  144. 144. Saving JobJob 40:5“I have spoken once, and I will notanswer; twice, but will proceed nofurther.”
  145. 145. Saving JobJob 40:5“I have spoken once, and I will notanswer; twice, but will proceed nofurther.”What if the book of Job ended here?
  146. 146. Saving JobJob 40:6Then the Lord answered Job out of thewhirlwind:
  147. 147. Saving JobJob 40:7“Gird up your loins like a man; I willquestion you, and you will declare tome.
  148. 148. Saving JobJob: I won’t speak up again
  149. 149. Saving JobJob: I won’t speak up againGod: Oh yes you will
  150. 150. Saving JobJob 40:7“Gird up your loins like a man; I willquestion you, and you will declare tome.
  151. 151. Saving JobPart of the essence of humanity is to doquestion-and-answer with God
  152. 152. Saving JobJob’s intention to keep silent beforeGod gets firmly rebuked:“Gird up your loins like a man; I willquestion you, and you will declare tome.
  153. 153. Saving JobJob 40:8“Will you even put me in the wrong?Will you condemn me that you may bejustified?
  154. 154. Saving JobJob 40:9“Have you an arm like God, and canyou thunder with a voice like his?
  155. 155. Saving JobJob 40:10“Deck yourself with majesty anddignity; clothe yourself with glory andsplendor.
  156. 156. Saving JobJob 40:11“Pour out the overflowings of youranger, and look on all who are proud,and abase them.
  157. 157. Saving JobJob 40:12“Look on all who are proud, and bringthem low; tread down the wicked wherethey stand.
  158. 158. Saving JobJob 40:13“Hide them all in the dust together;bind their faces in the world below.
  159. 159. Saving JobJob 40:14“Then I will also acknowledge to youthat your own right hand can give youvictory.
  160. 160. Saving JobYou think if you were God, you couldsolve all the world’s problems
  161. 161. Saving JobYou think if you were God, you couldjust apply your omnipotence and do it
  162. 162. Saving JobWell, why don’t you just try to applyyour omnipotence and do it
  163. 163. Saving JobOh, that’s right, you don’t actually havethe omnipotence to do it
  164. 164. Saving JobAnd actually, omnipotence isn’t all it’scracked up to be
  165. 165. Saving JobBeing omnipotent doesn’t mean youcan do just anything, you know
  166. 166. Saving JobIf the idea is to create the Pleiades orsnow or oceans, that’s easy enough
  167. 167. Saving JobIf the idea is to cast down the wickedand destroy them, that’s easy enough
  168. 168. Saving JobBut there are some problems that noamount of power can solve
  169. 169. Saving JobIf the book of Job is about the Problemof Evil, omnipotence could destroy evil
  170. 170. Saving JobThe cost is high: to destroy all evilwould be to destroy all humanity
  171. 171. Saving JobIf the book of Job is about the Problemof God and Humanity, omnipotencewon’t solve that problem
  172. 172. Saving JobIf the book of Job is about the Problemof God and Humanity, that problemwon’t be “solved”
  173. 173. Saving JobIf the book of Job is about the Problemof God and Humanity, it’s a relationshipthat involves asking and answeringquestions
  174. 174. Saving JobJob 42:1Then Job answered the Lord:
  175. 175. Saving JobJob 42:2“I know that you can do all things, andthat no purpose of yours can bethwarted.
  176. 176. Saving JobJob 42:3“[You asked,] ‘Who is this that hidescounsel without knowledge?’
  177. 177. Saving JobJob 42:3“Indeed, I have uttered what I did notunderstand, things too wonderful forme, which I did not know.
  178. 178. Saving JobJob 42:4“[You said,] ‘Hear, and I will speak; Iwill question you, and you declare tome.’
  179. 179. Saving JobJob 42:5“I had heard of you by the hearing ofthe ear, but now my eye sees you;
  180. 180. Saving JobJob 42:6“therefore I despise myself and repentin dust and ashes.”
  181. 181. Saving JobWhat does it mean, if Job now despiseshimself and repents in dust and ashes?
  182. 182. Saving JobJob 42:6“therefore I retract; I repent dust andashes.”
  183. 183. Saving JobJob 42:6“therefore I retract; I repent [in] dustand ashes.”
  184. 184. Saving JobJob 42:6“therefore I retract; I repent [of] dustand ashes.”
  185. 185. Saving JobJob 42:6“therefore I take back what I saidbefore; I change my mind about ‘dustand ashes.’ ”
  186. 186. Saving JobJob 30:19The relationship between God and ahuman like me is this: I am nothing butdust and ashes, blown away by God
  187. 187. Saving JobJob 42:6I retract my previous analysis; I’vechanged my mind about ‘humans arenothing more than dust and ashes’
  188. 188. Saving JobOne of the stories we remember fromthe heritage of Israel:To be human isn’t simply to be silent inthe face of God’s inscrutable power. Job 40:4-5
  189. 189. Saving JobOne of the stories we remember fromthe heritage of Israel:To be human is to be called intoconversation with God. Job 40:7
  190. 190. Saving JobOne of the stories we remember fromthe heritage of Israel:No matter how much distress the Satanmight create, God is betting on Job. Job 1:8-12
  191. 191. Saving JobOne of the stories we remember fromthe heritage of Israel:In the end God will restore all things. Job 42:10-17
  192. 192. Saving JobOne of the stories we remember fromthe heritage of Israel:Job’s prayers will save Eliphaz, Bildad,and Zophar, even though they hadmisunderstood the ways of God. Job 42:7-9
  193. 193. Saving JobOne of the stories we remember fromthe heritage of Israel:We are not just dust and ashes. Job 42:6
  194. 194. Saving JobDeep in their time of bondage in Egypt,this is a message that would haveresonated with the people of Israel
  195. 195. Saving JobGod is betting that we will be faithful,despite all the trials and suffering weexperience
  196. 196. Saving JobWe are invited to be deep in question-and-answer with God: to be fullyhuman is to interact with God about ourhardest situations
  197. 197. Saving JobAnd someday – someday! – we will seethat all things will be restored.
  198. 198. Saving JobAnd in the meantime, perhaps ourprayers will save those who have neverquite understood.
  199. 199. Saving JobWhat do we learn, about God and aboutourselves, from hearing the story ofGod betting on Job?
  200. 200. Saving JobWhat do we learn, about God and aboutourselves, from the story of Joblearning he isn’t just dust and ashes,he’s God’s conversation partner?

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