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Abstract on teenage pregnancy

Teenage Pregnancy

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Abstract on teenage pregnancy

  1. 1. ABSTRACT "It's hard to raise a child when you are still a child." - Jazmin Carrera Adolescent is bounded by the advent of puberty at the lower end and Capacity to take an adult responsibility at the upper end .In our society adolescents are neither fish nor fowl, the saying as goes neither child nor adult. It is a transitional stage in life cycle linking childhood and adult hood. The word ‘adolescence’ is a Latin word derived from ‘adolescere’ which means’ to grow into adulthood’. World Health Organization define, adolescence is period of life between 10 to 19 years .It is an important and sensitive period in the life of an individual. Adolescent girls are the freshly blossomed flowers. Adolescent constitutes a very vital age group, being an entrant population for parenthood. The complete passage from childhood to adulthood is particularly crucial for girls. It is a period of physical and psychological preparation for adulthood. The adolescents experience markedly accelerated growth and during growth spurt dramatic alterations in the adolescent's body size and proportion occur. At this time sexual characteristics develop and reproductive maturity is achieved. Pregnancy is a period of expectant waiting and that all women aspire to experience at least once in lifetime. As she sets her foot on the path that transmits, one from women in to a mother, several responsibilities and concerns become her alone. It is vital, therefore, that she prepares her body to become a suitable environment for the baby to grow in, while staying happy and healthy, emotionally and mentally as well. Each week of pregnancy brings with it new changes and feelings that may require some explanations and support, to the women. Pregnancy is one of the pivotal moments of a women's life but not when they are young with a bright future ahead. Teenage pregnancy is one of the most difficult experiences any young women can go through. The stress of pregnancy, revelation of pregnancy to parents, and moving on despite the shame and worry can be nerve-racking. Indeed pregnancy especially during teen hood will never be easy.
  2. 2. India has one of the highest rates of early marriage and child bearing. In rural India, 40% of girls, aged 15 to 19 are married and 50% of married girls aged 15 to 19 had at least one child. Latest data suggests that teen pregnancy in India is high with 62 pregnant teens out of every 1,000 women. Adolescent pregnancy is a serious public health issue in India. It is estimated that 17% of total fertility rate is contributed by adolescent pregnancy below the age of 20 years and especially below this age they lead to increased maternal mortality and increased incidence of low birth weight babies. Teenage pregnancy is a fairly common occurrence in India, due to many factors such as early marriages, girls reaching puberty at younger ages and high specific fertility rate in the adolescent age group. The pregnant teenager may not be quite fit to bear the burden of pregnancy and labor at a tender age, as efficiently as a woman in her twenties. The obstetrics outcome of teenage pregnancy is influenced by many socio-medical factors. Maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in teenagers is influenced by medical complication like toxemia, anaemia, cephalo pelvic disproportion and social problems like unwanted pregnancy etc. In order to improve the quality of life of adolescent girls regarding teenage pregnancy and its complications, provision must be made by creating awareness. Administration of STP can promote their knowledge as well as increase their well being. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: “A STUDY TO ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF STRUCTURED TEACHING PROGRAMME (STP) ON KNOWLEDGE REGARDING TEENAGE PREGNANCY AND ITS COMPLICATIONS AMONG ADOLESCENT GIRLS IN SELECTED SCHOOL AT KANPUR, U.P.” OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: I. To assess the pre-test and post-test knowledge scores of Teenage Pregnancy and its Complications among adolescent girls in experimental group.
  3. 3. II. To assess the pre-test and post-test knowledge scores of Teenage Pregnancy and its Complications among adolescent girls in control group. III. To assess the effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme on Teenage Pregnancy and its Complications in experimental group. IV. To compare the knowledge scores regarding Teenage pregnancy and its Complications in experimental and control group. V. To determine the association of the post-test knowledge scores with selected demographic variables. METHODS: Conceptual framework of the study is based on Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation theory. Based on the problem selected and objective of the study, Quasi-experimental, Non-equivalent or Non-randomized control group design was selected. A sample of 60 adolescent girls studying from class 10-12 at St. Mary’s Orthodox School, Kanpur was selected by non-probability sampling technique. 30 girls each in experimental and control group were divided by chit system. Data was collected by administering structured questionnaire before and after the implementation of structured teaching programme. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and represented in graphs and tables. RESULTS: In experimental group, the result shows that in pre-test, only 1(3%) among the 30 girls were having an adequate knowledge but in post-test after administration of STP the knowledge scores shows a significant difference i.e, 7(24%) gained adequate knowledge. In control group, the result shows that in pre-test, only 3(10%) among the 30 girls were having adequate knowledge. The post-test was conducted without any administration of the STP. The knowledge scores showed no significant difference from pre-test i.e, only 3(10%) again had adequate knowledge. The obtained ‘t’ value 3.93 statistically was found significant at 0.05 level, which showed increase in knowledge and thus it proves the effectiveness of the structured teaching programme for the experimental group.
  4. 4. Comparison of knowledge scores in experimental and control group showed significant difference. For the experimental group, the overall enhancement was 11.4 % from pre-test to post-test and for the control group, the overall enhancement was only 0.925 % from pre-test to post-test. In the present study, for the experimental group the post-test knowledge scores of adolescent girls were associated with selected demographic variables like occupation of father. Hence, it indicates association of knowledge between selected demographic variables. But for the control group, the post-test knowledge scores of adolescent girls were found to be unassociated with the demographic variables i.e. age, class, religion, type of family, family income, occupation of father, place of residence etc. Hence, it indicates that there is no association between the knowledge scores and the selected demographic variables. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSION: The study showed that there was a significant improvement in the knowledge scores after the administration of structured teaching programme in experimental group than the control group. Hence it can be concluded that the structured teaching programme was effective in improving the knowledge of adolescent girls on Teenage pregnancy and its Complications. KEY WORDS: Structured teaching programme, effectiveness, knowledge, Teenage pregnancy and its Complications.

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  • dixon05

    Mar. 7, 2018
  • SudhaGautam3

    Jun. 12, 2020

Teenage Pregnancy

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