Teknologi Sel Surya (1 - 2)

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Teknologi Sel Surya (1 - 2)

  1. 1. TeknologiSel Surya <br />SatwikoSidopekso<br />Sesion #01-02<br />JurusanFisika<br />FakultasMatematikadanIlmuPengetahuanAlam<br />
  2. 2. Solar Energy<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />2<br />06/01/2011<br />
  3. 3. What it all boils down to<br /><ul><li>Radiation
  4. 4. Conduction
  5. 5. Convection</li></ul>Or, as I like to say;<br />Heat in/Heat out<br />06/01/2011<br />3<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  6. 6. Heat Transfer of the collectors<br /><ul><li>Allow sunlight in (transmittance)
  7. 7. Don’t allow sunlight out (emittance)
  8. 8. Absorb the sunlight (absorptance)
  9. 9. Transfer the sunlight energy to a fluid running through the collector (conductance and convection)
  10. 10. Lose as little heat as possible (convection)</li></ul>06/01/2011<br />4<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  11. 11. Solar Ovens<br />5<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  12. 12. 6<br />Solar Pool Heating Collectors<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  13. 13. 7<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  14. 14. Solar Hot Water and Heating<br />8<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  15. 15. 9<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  16. 16. Flat Plate Collectors<br />10<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  17. 17. Evacuated Tube Collectors<br />11<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  18. 18. Evacuated Tube Collectors<br />ViessmanVitosol 300, Cut-awayView<br />12<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  19. 19. High Temperature (Concentrating Systems), Industrial Power Generation, Hot Water, Process Heat, System Owned By Solucar.<br />13<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  20. 20. 14<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  21. 21. Schott Solar Power Plant<br />15<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  22. 22. Solucar Parabolic Trough Concentrating Collector<br />The physical characteristics of the concentrator modules are: Overall Module Size 7 ft. 6 in. x 20 ft.(2.3m x 6.1 m)<br />Concentrator Weight 178 lb ( 81 kg)<br />Concentrator Rim Angle72°<br />Materials of Construction: Aluminum Reflective SurfaceOptions: Aluminum acrylic Enhanced polished aluminumLightweight, low maintenance concentratorReceiver<br />The receiver specifications are: <br />Absorber Tube Outside Diameter 2.0 inch (5.08 cm)<br />Absorber Material SteelSelective Surface Blackened nickel <br />Absorptance  0.96 - 0.98<br />Emittance (80°C)  0.15 - 0.25<br />Absorber Envelope Material Borosilicate glass Envelope<br />Anti-Reflective Coating Sol gel <br />Transmittance  0.95 - 0.965 <br />Maximum Operating Temperature 550°F (288°C)<br />16<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  23. 23. Solar Radiation<br /><ul><li>Is Radiant energy from the sun (electromagnetic radiation) produced by a nuclear fusion reaction. Half of this radiation is in the Visible spectrum, the other half is mostly in the near infra-red spectrum of light.</li></ul>17<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  24. 24. <ul><li>Thermal systems use Diffuse and Direct Normal Light
  25. 25. The National Solar Radiation Database gives us TMY (typical meteorological year) radiation data for cities across the US
  26. 26. A computer simulation (TRNSYS) uses that data to give us the amount of radiation on a tilted surface.
  27. 27. Denver, 45 degree, 20.89 MJ/m2 day, which is Mega Joules (106) per square meter for a day (1839 BTU/ft2 day)
  28. 28. SRCC (Solar Rating and Certification Center)
  29. 29. Joule is the SI standard unit of energy (equivalent to a BTU)
  30. 30. A Watt is Power in the SI units system.
  31. 31. Also know as a Joule/Sec (BTU/hr)</li></ul>18<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  32. 32. Solar Thermal Collectors<br /><ul><li>Collect the suns radiation and transfer that to a fluid as it runs through them.
  33. 33. Water, Propylene Glycol, Oil, Air
  34. 34. High Temperature (Concentrating Systems), Industrial Power Generation
  35. 35. Medium Temperature (Evacuated Tubes)
  36. 36. Residential and Commercial
  37. 37. Low Temperature (Flat plates)
  38. 38. Unglazed (Pool Panels)</li></ul>19<br />06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />
  39. 39. 20<br />
  40. 40. 06/01/2011<br />© 2010 Universitas Negeri Jakarta | www.unj.ac.id |<br />21<br />TerimaKasih<br />

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