TOTAL WEALTH OF LIFE
GENES – GENETIC DIVERSITY
SPECIES – SPECIES DIVERSITY
ECOSYSTEMS - ECOSYSTEM DIVERSITY
FUTURE POWERFUL TECHNOLOGIES GENE BASED.
BIOTECHNOLOGICAL WORLD – BIODIVERSITY IS BASE
THE BIODIVERSITY DIVIDE…
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES TECHNOLOGY + ECONOMY.
WANT EASY, CHEAP ACCESS TO BIODIVERSITY
RESOURCES AND RELATED KNOWLEDGE
CONCENTRATED IN TROPICAL DEVELOPING COUNTRIES.
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES RIGHTS + RETURNS.
CONVENTION ON BIODIVERSITY (CBD) – 1992
More than 170 signatories
Objectives: Biodiversity conservation, Sustainable
exploitation & Equitable sharing of profits.
2002 December – Biodiversity Act of India
SOVEREIGN RIGHTTS OVER BIODIVERSITY ESTABLISHED
Biodiversity management responsibilities -
National B.D. Authority – National Authority
State B. D. Boards – at State levels &
Local B. D. Management committees – at Local body levels
RICH in ENDEMIC SPECIES
Species restricted only to narrow regions
30% of Plants (5725 Species ?)
• 400 higher vertebrates, 44 mammals
• 70 Birds, 187 reptiles, 110 amphibia …..
Eastern Himalaya & The Western Ghats
Treasures of Endemics under serious threats
TWO among the 25 GLOBAL HOTSPOTS
INDIAN CENTRES OF ENDEMISM…
GROUP Eastern Western Andaman &
Himalaya Ghats Nicobar
Angiosperms 3,500 1, 720 144
Reptiles 20 91 23
Amphibia 25 84 2
Mammals - 7 -
‘Reserpine’ from Rauvolfia serpentina.
Pattambi rice – Gene to Brown plant hopper.
…..Worth several crores.
Indian resource. No share in economic returns!
FUTURE …. May not be the same.
PBR’s – essential for local monitoring
By Local BD management commitees.
Network of PBR’s - National Picture.
LOCAL BODIES, LOCAL EXPERTISE,
LOCAL PEOPLE…. – MAJOR ROLES IN
AWARENESS……. BASIS TO ACT.
PEOPLE’S BIODIVERSITY REGISTERS
levels prepared with
List of species,, status, changes,
Benefits, Traditional Knowledge,
conservation needs, Local
Some Medicinal species
commonly found in sacred
groves of Coastal
Some Endemic species found in SG’s of Coastal