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Commonly Confused Words


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Commonly Confused Words

  1. 1. Affect and Effect
  2. 2. Commonly Confused Words
  3. 3. Currant, Current <ul><li>A currant is a dried grape. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. We ate the box of currants. </li></ul><ul><li>A current is a steady flow of water in a river, lake or sea. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. He got caught in the strong current and was swept out to sea. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Desert, Dessert <ul><li>A desert is a sandy place without water. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. It is difficult to find water in the desert. </li></ul><ul><li>A dessert is something sweet eaten after a meal. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Let’s have dessert after dinner. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Human, Humane <ul><li>‘ Human’ can be an adjective--- to act like a person. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. The gorilla’s behaviour is almost human. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Humane’ means kind and sympathic </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. The thief received a light sentence because the judge was humane in his judgement. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Invaluable, Valueless <ul><li>Invaluable means extremely valuable. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. The jewels in his safe were invaluable. </li></ul><ul><li>Valueless means the opposite– worthless. </li></ul><ul><li>Eg. Don’t bother buying of these crystals– they are valueless. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Employer, Employee <ul><li>An employer is the person you work for. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. My employer is a very serious businessman. </li></ul><ul><li>An employee is a person who works for an organisation. </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. The company has a total of one hundred employees. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Quiz Time 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
  9. 9. What’s wrong with this statement? <ul><li>My favourite desserts is ice kachang. </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>dessert </li></ul>
  10. 10. Choose the correct answer below: <ul><li>The car is ________________. </li></ul><ul><li>(a) stationery </li></ul><ul><li>(b) stationary </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>(a) stationery </li></ul>
  11. 11. Explain the difference between affect and effect <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>affect - it is a verb and it means have an effect on/ influence </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. His opinion does not affect me. </li></ul><ul><li>effect - it is a noun and it means outcome/result </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. His opinion had no effect on my decision. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Fill in the blanks with the following helping words <ul><li>Could you give me the _____ for that wonderful dessert? </li></ul><ul><li>(a) receipt (b) recipe </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>recipe </li></ul>
  13. 13. What’s wrong with this statement? <ul><li>Dessert is a large land filled with sand </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>It should be Desert </li></ul>
  14. 14. Explain the difference between Anxious and Eager <ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>Anxious – it means worried or nervous </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. She always feel anxious when she has to travel by plane. </li></ul><ul><li>Eager – it means keen or excited </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. The girl was eager to show me her photographs. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Fill in the blank with the correct answer <ul><li>The ____________ applauded enthusiastically after the performance was finished. </li></ul><ul><li>audience (b) spectator </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>audience </li></ul>
  16. 16. Fill in the blank with the correct answer <ul><li>He _____ down for a short nap. </li></ul><ul><li>(a) lie (b) lay </li></ul><ul><li>Answer: </li></ul><ul><li>lay </li></ul>
  17. 17. THAT'S ALL FOLKS