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Elements of film making

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How films are being created

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Elements of film making

  1. 1. THEME
  2. 2. The basic idea of the film.  MOTIF  METAPHOR  SYMBOLS
  3. 3. PLOT
  4. 4. The story line; the plot of many films are very much like each other.
  5. 5. SCRIPT
  6. 6. The plot in detail, the script arranges events in logical order and in progressive intensity so that less climaxes lead up to important ones.
  7. 7. ACTING
  8. 8. Actors and actresses should be able to play their parts so well that they almost become the characters they play.
  9. 9. 1.PROPER CASTING 2.SATISFACTORY MAKE-UP 3.INTELLIGENT UNDERSTANDING OF THE ROLE 4.SKILLFUL PICTURING OF THE NECESSARY EMOTIONS 5.NATURALNESS IN ACTING 6.SKILLFUL USE OF DIALOGUE 7.PROPER TIMING 8.EXPRESSIVENESS OF EYES AND MOUTH
  10. 10. SETTING, COSTUME AND MAKE-UP
  11. 11. SETTING – Conveys an immense amount of information; setting must be authentic that they do not distract the audience from the story.
  12. 12. COSTUMES  Reveal class, psychological state, self-image  suggest delicacy, dignity etc. Symbolize something  suggest change and transition
  13. 13. MAKE-UP  To change the actors’ appearance To change complete realism To suggest a typical or specific
  14. 14. SOUND
  15. 15. SOUND EFFECTS – gives a scene a feeling of authenticity
  16. 16. 1.High-pitched sounds – generally produce a sense of tension 2.Low-frequency sounds – used to emphasize dignity or solemnity 3.Loud Sound- tend to be forceful, intense and threatening 4.Quiet Sound – tend to be delicate, hesitant and often weak 5.Fast-Tempo – for greater tension 6.Off-Screen Sound 7.Absolute Silence – tends to call attention to itself
  17. 17. MUSIC – can be both real or unreal
  18. 18. SPOKEN LANGUAGE - It develops characterization, it develops dramatic situations, it sharpens the expressiveness of an image.
  19. 19. CINEMATOGRAPHY
  20. 20. 1.Close-up 2.Medium Shot 3.Long-Shot 4.Low-Angle Shot 5.High Angle Shot 6.Zoom 7.Freeze 8.Cut 9.Fade 10.Wipe 11.Pan
  21. 21. LIGHTING 1.Front Lighting 2.Back Lighting 3.Top Lighting 4.Side Lighting 5.Bottom Lighting
  22. 22. DIRECTION
  23. 23. A Good Director 1.A good director must know a good story when he sees it 2.A good director must have an interest in the picture he is making 3.A good director must know what the camera can do 4.A good director must know the art of story-telling 5.A good director must be able to convey his ideas to the players

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