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BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN EN AMÉRICA <ul><li>ALALC / ALADI:  Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia ,  Ecuador,  M é xic...
BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN   EN AMÉRICA   (continuación) <ul><li>Mercado Común Centro Americano   - MCCA   -  El Salvador, Gua...
BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN   EN AMÉRICA   (continuación) <ul><li>Asociación de Estados del Caribe - AEC   -  12 Estados del CA...
BID “spaguetti bowl”
 
BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN:  Europa <ul><li>Unión Europea:  </li></ul><ul><li>De Mercado Común a Unión Europea </li></ul><ul><...
 
BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En el Africa <ul><li>Unión Aduanera y  Económica de Africa Central –UDEAC- :  Congo Brazzaville, R...
BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En  Asia <ul><li>Asociación de Naciones de Asia Sudoriental (Association of Southeast Asian Nation...
BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En el Africa <ul><li>COMESA: Mercado Común del Este de Sudáfrica: 21 países; Comunidad Económica d...
BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En el Africa   (Continuación) <ul><li>Unión del Magreb Árabe – UMA –  Marruecos, Argelia, Túnez Ma...
OTROS BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN <ul><li>En el Próximo y Medio Oriente: </li></ul><ul><li>Consejo de Cooperación del Golfo: Pe...
OTROS BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN:  En Oceanía <ul><li>ANZCERTA: ( Australia New Zeland Closer Economic Relations Trade Area)  ...
OTROS BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN <ul><li>Cooperación Económica de Asia y el Pacífico: APEC  : Nuevo mapa de relaciones económi...
 
 
GRUPO DE LOS TRES (G-3)* (*)   No es N-S pero copia ALCAN MERCOSUR Mercado Comun 2005 ALADI - 1980 ACUERDOS DE ALCANCE REG...
ACUERDOS INTERNACIONALES: VISIÓN PANORÁMICA <ul><li>La apertura creciente    interés en la demanda (exportación)    nego...
EL MOMENTO DE LAS NEGOCIACIONES COMERCIALES – INTERDEPENDENCIAS  <ul><li>La  OMC , post Cancún, en espera de revitalizar s...
TIPO DE ACUERDO SEGÚN ÁMBITO TEMÁTICO  <ul><li>Acuerdos de Complementación Económica ( ACE ), en ALADI </li></ul><ul><li>T...
ACUERDOS  – INTEGRACIÓN <ul><li>En los acuerdos de integración (subregional), dos factores a destacar:  </li></ul><ul><ul>...
ACUERDOS INTERNACIONALES: VISIÓN PANORÁMICA <ul><li>La apertura creciente    interés en la demanda (exportación)    nego...
ESTRATEGIAS DE INSERCIÓN Y POLÍTICAS DE DESARROLLO PRODUCTIVO <ul><li>Inserción comercial  para el desarrollo productivo  ...
 
 
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Bloques Económicos

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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy &amp; Proven Way to Build Good Habits &amp; Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Bloques Económicos

  1. 1. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN EN AMÉRICA <ul><li>ALALC / ALADI: Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia , Ecuador, M é xic o , Paraguay, Perú, Uruguay Venezuela y Cuba </li></ul><ul><li>North American Free Trade Agreement N AFTA Canadá, Estados Unidos y México . </li></ul><ul><li>  Mercado Común del Sur - MERCOSUR Argentina,Brasil,Paraguay , Uruguay y Venezuela como socios plenos. Bolivia y Chile Mienbros Asociados </li></ul><ul><li>Comunidad Andina de Naciones- CAN Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú - Chile Miembro Asociado --- Venezuela? </li></ul>
  2. 2. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN EN AMÉRICA (continuación) <ul><li>Mercado Común Centro Americano - MCCA - El Salvador, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Honduras y Costa Rica. </li></ul><ul><li>Caribbean Comunity CARICOM - Antigua y Barbuda, Barbados, B e lice, Dominica, Granada, Guyana, Haití, Jamaica, Bahamas, Saint Kilts y Nevis, San Vicente y Granadinas, Santa Lucía, Suriname Trinidad y Tobago ) . Monserrate no participa </li></ul><ul><li>G3 Colombia, México y Venezuela </li></ul><ul><li>Sistema de Integración Centro Americana – SICA – Belice, Costa Rica, El salvador, Guatemala , Honduras, Nicaragua y Panamá. P articipan la Repúblca Dominicana como Estado Asociado; Mexico como observador regional y China y España , como observadores extra regionales . </li></ul>
  3. 3. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN EN AMÉRICA (continuación) <ul><li>Asociación de Estados del Caribe - AEC - 12 Estados del CARICOM, cinco de Centroamérica, el grupo del G3 </li></ul><ul><li>= Gran Caribe como Zona de Cooperación </li></ul>
  4. 4. BID “spaguetti bowl”
  5. 6. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: Europa <ul><li>Unión Europea: </li></ul><ul><li>De Mercado Común a Unión Europea </li></ul><ul><li>La Europa de los 15 </li></ul><ul><li>La Europa de los 25 </li></ul><ul><li>La UE Actual 27 países: </li></ul><ul><li>Alemania, Austria, Bélgica, Bulgaria, Chipre, Dinamarca, España, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, Estonia, Finlandia, Francia, Grecia, Hungría, Irlanda, Italia, Letonia, Lituania, Luxemburgo, Malta, Países Bajos, Polonia, Portugal, Reino Unido, República Checa, Rumania y Suecia. En la lista de candidatos se encuentran Macedonia, Croacia y Turquía. </li></ul>
  6. 8. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En el Africa <ul><li>Unión Aduanera y Económica de Africa Central –UDEAC- : Congo Brazzaville, República Centroafricana, Gabón, Chad, Camerún Y Guinea Ecuatorial </li></ul><ul><li>Comunidad de desarrollo de Africa Meridional – SADC - Angola, Botswana, la  República Democrática del Congo, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauricio, Mozambique, Namibia, Sudáfrica, Swazilandia, T anzania,  Zambia y Zimbabwe. </li></ul><ul><li>Comunidad Económica de Estados de Africa Occidental-ECOWAS- Nigeria, Níger, Burkina Faso, Benin, Cabo Verde, Senegal, Costa de Marfil, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Liberia, Malí, Sierra Leona y Togo. </li></ul>
  7. 9. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En Asia <ul><li>Asociación de Naciones de Asia Sudoriental (Association of Southeast Asian Nations ) , ASEAN </li></ul><ul><li>Australia, Brunei, Canadá, Indonesia, Japón, Corea del Sur, Malasia, Nueva Zelanda, Filipinas, Singapur, Tailandia, Estados Unidos, China, Hong-Kong, Taipei, México, Papua-Nueva Guinea, Chile, Perú, Rusia y Vietnam. </li></ul><ul><li>La profunda crisis del Foro de Cooperación Económica de Asia-Pacífico, ha dado origen al Área de Libre Comercio de la ASEAN (ASEAN Free Trade Area, AFTA) creada en 1992 por: Filipinas, Indonesia, Malasia, Singapur, Tailandia, Brunei, Vietnam, Camboya, Laos y Myanmar. </li></ul>
  8. 10. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En el Africa <ul><li>COMESA: Mercado Común del Este de Sudáfrica: 21 países; Comunidad Económica del Africa Oriental –CEAOR:Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania -Cooperación del Africa Oriental y Austral: Conferencia para la Coordinación del Desarrollo del Sur de Africa- SADCC o Grupo de Lusaka; SADC, Área preferencial de Comercio – PTA </li></ul><ul><li>Comunidad Económica de Africa Occidental – CEAO: Alto Volta, Costa de Marfil, Senegal, Nigeria, Mali y Mauritania hoy ECOWAS /CEDAO– Comunidad Económica de los Estados del Oeste Africano: 6 + Gambia, Ghana, Guinea – Conakry, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Sierra Leona y Togo. </li></ul>
  9. 11. BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En el Africa (Continuación) <ul><li>Unión del Magreb Árabe – UMA – Marruecos, Argelia, Túnez Mauritania y Libia </li></ul><ul><li>Comunidad del África Oriental </li></ul><ul><li>Kenia, Uganda y Tanzania (Burundi y Ruanda) </li></ul><ul><li>Unión Africana Todos los países del continente africano excepto Marruecos </li></ul><ul><li>La CFA Agencia monetaria basada en el Euro. </li></ul><ul><li>. </li></ul>
  10. 12. OTROS BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN <ul><li>En el Próximo y Medio Oriente: </li></ul><ul><li>Consejo de Cooperación del Golfo: Península arábiga </li></ul><ul><li>En Asia Meridional: </li></ul><ul><li>Asociación Meridional para la Cooperación Regional SAARC: India, Pakistán, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Butan, y las Islas Maldivas. ZLC </li></ul><ul><li>En el Sudeste Asiático: </li></ul><ul><li>Asociación de Naciones del Sudeste Asiático: ASEAN </li></ul><ul><li>Filipinas, Indonesia, Malasia, Brunei, Singapur, Tailandia, Laos, Birmania y Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Agrupación Económica de Asia oriental: Los anteriores + Japón, las dos Coreas, China, Taiwan y Hong Kong. </li></ul>
  11. 13. OTROS BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN: En Oceanía <ul><li>ANZCERTA: ( Australia New Zeland Closer Economic Relations Trade Area) ZLC de Australia y Nueva Zelanda </li></ul><ul><li>SPARTECA ( South Pacific Regional Treaty on Economic and Comercial Cooperation) Acuerdo Regional de Cooperación Comercial y Econó- mica en el Pacífico Sur. Repúblicas Insulares / Colonias del Pacífico </li></ul>
  12. 14. OTROS BLOQUES DE INTEGRACIÓN <ul><li>Cooperación Económica de Asia y el Pacífico: APEC : Nuevo mapa de relaciones económicas internacionales: orilla asiática del Pacífico y el frente de las Américas al mismo océano : Australia, Brunei, Canadá, China, Corea del Sur, EE.UU., Filipinas, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Japón, Malasia, México, Nueva Zelanda, Papúa Nueva Guinea, Singapur, Tailandia, Taiwan Vietnam - Perú, Colombia. </li></ul><ul><li>Area del Río Tumen : Corea del Norte, China y Rusia. </li></ul>
  13. 17. GRUPO DE LOS TRES (G-3)* (*) No es N-S pero copia ALCAN MERCOSUR Mercado Comun 2005 ALADI - 1980 ACUERDOS DE ALCANCE REGIONAL ACUERDOS DE ALCANCE PARCIAL COMERCIO PREFERENCIAL REDUCCION TARIFAS ALCAN (NAFTA) TLC CHILE-USA TLC CA-USA M é todo Diferente COMUNIDAD ANDINA 1996 Mercado Común 2005 PACTO ANDINO 1969 Union Aduanera ACP TERCERA GENERACION (Norte-Sur) ACP SEGUNDA GENERACION (Regionalismo Abierto) ACP PRIMERA GENERACION (Sustituci ó n Importaciones)
  14. 18. ACUERDOS INTERNACIONALES: VISIÓN PANORÁMICA <ul><li>La apertura creciente  interés en la demanda (exportación)  negociación de acuerdos comerciales </li></ul><ul><li>Niveles de acuerdos y negociación: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilateral : OMC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plurilateral e interregional : [APEC] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferenciales entre socios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interregionales : TLCs y otros (c/UE, EEUU, otros), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plurilateral hemisférico: (  ALCA ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subregionales : MERCOSUR, CAN, MCCA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilaterales : varios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> (“ spaghetti bowl ”) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. EL MOMENTO DE LAS NEGOCIACIONES COMERCIALES – INTERDEPENDENCIAS <ul><li>La OMC , post Cancún, en espera de revitalizar su Ronda “Doha” del Desarrollo </li></ul><ul><li>El APEC , revitalizado y se generan TLCs </li></ul><ul><li>El ALCA , reorientado y flexible luego de Miami (nov.2003), por definir sus alcances comunes mínimos </li></ul><ul><li>El MERCOSUR y la CAN con nuevos impulsos y proyectos hacia una mayor integración y coordinación </li></ul><ul><li>Los acuerdos bilaterales –intra e interregionales (TLCs)- en nueva dinámica en el marco de la lentitud de las negociaciones globales </li></ul>
  16. 20. TIPO DE ACUERDO SEGÚN ÁMBITO TEMÁTICO <ul><li>Acuerdos de Complementación Económica ( ACE ), en ALADI </li></ul><ul><li>Tratados de Libre Comercio ( TLC ) </li></ul><ul><li>Integración subregional </li></ul>Temas Ejemplos Comercio de -Chile-Colombia Bienes (agrícolas, Bolivia- industrials) y sus CAN- MERCOSUR Normas ACE + servicios, - varios México y Chile inversiones, otros NAFTA, CAFTA, + solución de …. Controversias (  ALCA ) Unión Aduanera + MERCOSUR Coord. de Políticas CAN, … (o supranacionalidad),  Mercado único y más
  17. 21. ACUERDOS – INTEGRACIÓN <ul><li>En los acuerdos de integración (subregional), dos factores a destacar: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>*proximidad *similar nivel de desarrollo </li></ul></ul><ul><li>El aprendizaje en ese marco permite una inserción más amplia  REGIONALISMO ABIERTO </li></ul><ul><li>La evolución conduce a un regionalismo más profundo: avance en temas como (CEPAL 2002): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>infraestructura, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>coordinación macroeconómica, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>políticas sociales, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complementación productiva </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>poder negociador respecto a terceros </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. ACUERDOS INTERNACIONALES: VISIÓN PANORÁMICA <ul><li>La apertura creciente  interés en la demanda (exportación)  negociación de acuerdos comerciales </li></ul><ul><li>Niveles de acuerdos y negociación: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multilateral : OMC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plurilateral e interregional : [APEC] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preferenciales entre socios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interregionales : TLCs y otros (c/UE, EEUU, otros), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plurilateral hemisférico: (  ALCA ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subregionales : MERCOSUR, CAN, MCCA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bilaterales : varios </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> (“ spaghetti bowl ”) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 23. ESTRATEGIAS DE INSERCIÓN Y POLÍTICAS DE DESARROLLO PRODUCTIVO <ul><li>Inserción comercial para el desarrollo productivo en el contexto de múltiples acuerdos y negociaciones </li></ul><ul><li>Para ello, son necesarias políticas complementarias a la política comercial: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>de infraestructura física y tecnológica </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tecnológicas, de innovación, de información </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>de educación/ capacitación </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>regulatorias y de competencia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>de fomento productivo, pymes y otras </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Los “ espacios de política ” en las negociaciones y objetivos de equidad </li></ul><ul><li>Importancia de diversos actores en la formulación de las políticas – la negociación “interna” y su incidencia en las negociaciones internacionales NECESIDAD DE UN DEBATE ESTRATÉGICO </li></ul>

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