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Rise of Nation States in Medieval Europe

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Rise of Nation States in Medieval Europe

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Rise of Nation States in Medieval Europe

  1. 1. The Rise of NationThe Rise of Nation StatesStates In EuropeIn Europe
  2. 2. • In the Late Medieval Period,In the Late Medieval Period, European monarchiesEuropean monarchies consolidated powerconsolidated power andand began forming nation-states.began forming nation-states. • Nation-state = politicalNation-state = political organization that has its ownorganization that has its own independentindependent governmentgovernment
  3. 3. Nation-state vs. City-stateNation-state vs. City-state  SameSame IndependentIndependent political entities.political entities.  DifferentDifferent Nation-StatesNation-States control a muchcontrol a much largerlarger territory.territory. What is a Nation-StatesWhat is a Nation-States
  4. 4. Nation-StateNation-State Bonds that create a nation-state Nationality Language Culture History Religion Territory Nation-State Defends the nation’s territory Represents nation to rest of world Embodies people and its ideals
  5. 5. Nation-StatesNation-States • European kings, intent onEuropean kings, intent on building a nation-state,building a nation-state, expanded their territoriesexpanded their territories and consolidated theirand consolidated their power.power.
  6. 6. EnglandEngland
  7. 7. EnglandEngland •William the ConquerorWilliam the Conqueror • Not accepted by Anglo-Not accepted by Anglo- Saxons, WilliamSaxons, William defeateddefeated Harold ofHarold of Wessex’sWessex’s army at thearmy at the Battle of HastingsBattle of Hastings toto take crowntake crown • Crowned King William ICrowned King William I of England in 1066of England in 1066
  8. 8. EnglandEngland • William the ConquerorWilliam the Conqueror • Leader of theLeader of the Norman ConquestNorman Conquest (from what becomes France)(from what becomes France) • UnitedUnited most of Englandmost of England • William kept records of the typesWilliam kept records of the types and value of property in booksand value of property in books called thecalled the Doomsday BooksDoomsday Books
  9. 9. England about 878 http://www.youtube.com/watch ? v=aTIon_U9jik&list=PLF78AE A66545C9BCE&index=7
  10. 10. England after the Norman Conquest
  11. 11. EnglandEngland Common lawCommon law (law made by(law made by court decisions)court decisions) has itshas its beginningsbeginnings during the reignduring the reign of Henry IIof Henry II
  12. 12. EnglandEngland King JohnKing John  Considered one ofConsidered one of thethe worst kingsworst kings inin English historyEnglish history  Signed theSigned the MagnaMagna CartaCarta Limited the powerLimited the power of the kingof the king Certain liberties toCertain liberties to freedmanfreedman
  13. 13. Evolution of ParliamentEvolution of Parliament 1066 – William of Normandy began the1066 – William of Normandy began the FeudalFeudal systemsystem and asked advice from his tenants-in-and asked advice from his tenants-in- chief before making decisions.chief before making decisions. 1215 – Tenants-in-chief made King John sign1215 – Tenants-in-chief made King John sign the Magna Carta limiting the power of thethe Magna Carta limiting the power of the monarchmonarch Gradually hisGradually his royal councilroyal council developed into thedeveloped into the parliament.parliament.  Parliament was divided intoParliament was divided into 22 houseshouses House ofHouse of LordsLords & House of& House of CommonsCommons  Parliament has worked over time to limit the power ofParliament has worked over time to limit the power of the monarchy and Parliament power increases.the monarchy and Parliament power increases.
  14. 14. EnglandEngland TheThe HundredHundred Years’ WarYears’ War betweenbetween England andEngland and France definedFrance defined England as aEngland as a nationnation
  15. 15. FranceFrance
  16. 16. FranceFrance Hugh CapetHugh Capet established theestablished the French throne inFrench throne in Paris and hisParis and his dynastydynasty graduallygradually expanded theirexpanded their control over the restcontrol over the rest of Franceof France
  17. 17. France about 893France about 893
  18. 18. FranceFrance Joan of ArcJoan of Arc  Helped toHelped to unifyunify FranceFrance  Led many armiesLed many armies to victory duringto victory during the Hundred Yearsthe Hundred Years War.War.  Burned at theBurned at the stakestake as a Heretic.as a Heretic.
  19. 19. FranceFrance The Hundred Year’s WarThe Hundred Year’s War betweenbetween England andEngland and FranceFrance helped definehelped define France as a nation.France as a nation.
  20. 20. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War CausesCauses 1.1.Long term conflict betweenLong term conflict between England and France,England and France, mostly overmostly over English controlEnglish control of landsof lands claimed by Franceclaimed by France
  21. 21. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War CausesCauses 2.2.The desire by French kingsThe desire by French kings toto expand their powerexpand their power
  22. 22. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War CausesCauses 3.3.Edward IIIEdward III of Englandof England claimed to be the King ofclaimed to be the King of France in 1337.France in 1337.
  23. 23. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War CausesCauses 4.4.Rivalry over tradeRivalry over trade –– economic rivalry.economic rivalry.
  24. 24. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War CausesCauses 5.5.Each nation had a growingEach nation had a growing sense of themselves assense of themselves as unique from one another.unique from one another. GrowingGrowing patriotism orpatriotism or national pridenational pride..
  25. 25. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War EffectsEffects 1.1.French kings doFrench kings do expandexpand their powertheir power
  26. 26. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War EffectsEffects 2.2.English kings lost powerEnglish kings lost power (mostly over the kingdoms’(mostly over the kingdoms’ finances - power of thefinances - power of the purse)purse) to Parliamentto Parliament
  27. 27. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War EffectsEffects 3.3.English lost their holdEnglish lost their hold overover those disputed Frenchthose disputed French landslands
  28. 28. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War EffectsEffects 4.4.New military technology isNew military technology is developed –developed – England –England – Longbow; France - cannonLongbow; France - cannon
  29. 29. Hundred Years’ WarHundred Years’ War EffectsEffects 5.5.With the rise of gunpowderWith the rise of gunpowder weaponry,weaponry, castles andcastles and knights are obsoleteknights are obsolete..
  30. 30. RussiaRussia
  31. 31. Mongol conquestMongol conquest  Golden Horde, led byGolden Horde, led by Ghengis Khan, conqueredGhengis Khan, conquered early Russia.early Russia.  Massive destructionMassive destruction occurred; towns wereoccurred; towns were destroyed and people weredestroyed and people were killed. (Kiev destroyed!)killed. (Kiev destroyed!)  Russia was in state ofRussia was in state of decline and cut off fromdecline and cut off from Western Europe underWestern Europe under Mongol rule.Mongol rule. RussiaRussia
  32. 32. Mongol conquestMongol conquest  Moscow grew in importance after Kiev’s destruction.Moscow grew in importance after Kiev’s destruction.  Church grew more powerful because the MongolsChurch grew more powerful because the Mongols tolerated the Eastern Orthodox Church.tolerated the Eastern Orthodox Church.  Trade routes between China and Eastern EuropeTrade routes between China and Eastern Europe opened up.opened up. RussiaRussia
  33. 33. Emergence of RussiaEmergence of Russia  Princes gained more power under MongolPrinces gained more power under Mongol rule and adapted the Mongol leadershiprule and adapted the Mongol leadership model of absolute rule.model of absolute rule. RussiaRussia
  34. 34. RussiaRussia Ivan the GreatIvan the Great drove thedrove the Mongols outMongols out ofof Russia,Russia, centralized powercentralized power in Moscow andin Moscow and expanded (united)expanded (united) the Russianthe Russian nation.nation.
  35. 35. RussiaRussia •Ivan the Great tookIvan the Great took the title czar (Caesar),the title czar (Caesar), and vowed to carry onand vowed to carry on the traditions of Romethe traditions of Rome and Constantinople.and Constantinople.
  36. 36. RussiaRussia Moscow became theMoscow became the capital of Russiacapital of Russia As the traditions ofAs the traditions of Rome andRome and Constantinople areConstantinople are carried on, Moscow incarried on, Moscow in Russia became knownRussia became known as the “Third Rome.”as the “Third Rome.”
  37. 37. RussiaRussia •The religion ofThe religion of the Russians wasthe Russians was of course,of course, thethe Eastern OrthodoxEastern Orthodox ChurchChurch, which, which helped tohelped to unifyunify the nationthe nation
  38. 38. SOL Review QuestionSOL Review Question What civilization have we studied that most influenced art and architecture, (like this church - St. Basil’s) in Russia?
  39. 39. SpainSpain
  40. 40. SpainSpain Ferdinand and Isabella unifiedFerdinand and Isabella unified the country andthe country and expelled all theexpelled all the Jews and Muslim MoorsJews and Muslim Moors inin 1492.1492.
  41. 41. SpainSpain Spanish empireSpanish empire expanded intoexpanded into the Westernthe Western HemisphereHemisphere (the(the Americas)Americas) especially underespecially under Charles V.Charles V.

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