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Modernismo - Gaudí

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Modernismo - Gaudí

  1. 1. MODERNISMEMODERNISME
  2. 2. Modernisme • Barcelona, Catalonia late 19th c. And early 20th c. • Architectural style, which also involves other arts (painting and sculpture), and especially the design and decorative arts • Part of a general trend that emerges in Europe (known in each country as modernism, art nouveau, etc.) • Modernisme is basically derived from the English Arts and Crafts movement and the Gothic revival
  3. 3. Modernisme Predominance of the curve and the dynamic shapes over the straight line
  4. 4. Modernisme Rich decoration and detail
  5. 5. Modernisme Frequent use of vegetal and other organic motifs
  6. 6. Modernisme Asymmetry
  7. 7. Modernisme Use of “industrial” materials, like iron forgery, ceramics and stained glass
  8. 8. • In the context of a spectacular urban and industrial development • It is a style for the Catalan industrial bourgeoisie, whoIt is a style for the Catalan industrial bourgeoisie, who built industrial buildings and summer residencesbuilt industrial buildings and summer residences (families like the(families like the GüellGüell,, BatllóBatlló oror MiláMilá) Modernisme
  9. 9. • His big passions in life: architecture, nature, religion. an organic style inspired by nature He rarely drew detailed plans of his works, instead preferring to create them as three-dimensional scale models and molding the details as he was conceiving them. Antoni Gaudí
  10. 10. Gaudí's first work was a set of lampposts for the Plaça Reial in Barcelona Antoni GaudíAntoni Gaudí
  11. 11. • First years under the influence of neo-Gothic art and Oriental styles
  12. 12. Orientalist works
  13. 13. His relationship with Eusebi Güell • Güell was a wealthy industrialist and entrepeneur • He was so impressed with his first works that he wanted to meet Gaudí • They became friends and Güell became Gaudí's main patron and sponsor
  14. 14. Naturalist period • He perfected his personal style, inspired by the organic shapes of nature. • New structural solutions • Shapes and volumes devoid of rational rigidity or any classic premise
  15. 15. Casa Calvert
  16. 16. Porta Miralles
  17. 17. Güell Park
  18. 18. Güell Park Originally part of a commercially unsuccessful housing site The focal point of the park is the main terrace, surrounded by a long bench in the form of a sea serpent.
  19. 19. Güell Park To design the curvature of the bench surface Gaudí used the shape of buttocks left by a naked workman sitting in wet clay
  20. 20. Güell Park New techniques in the treatment of materials, Trencadís, made of waste ceramic pieces
  21. 21. Curvy shapes and natural materials
  22. 22. The light • MediterraneanMediterranean • GodGod • NatureNature • ReligionReligion
  23. 23. Nature & Geometry
  24. 24. CASA BATLLÓ
  25. 25. CASA MILÁ LA PEDRERA
  26. 26. Furniture
  27. 27. La Sagrada Familia From 1915 Gaudí devoted himself almost exclusively to his most ambitious building, the Sagrada Família, a synthesis of his architectural evolution
  28. 28. The workshop today
  29. 29. TEMPLE WORK BEGAN IN 1882TEMPLE WORK BEGAN IN 1882
  30. 30. Destruction of Gaudí study workshop during the civil war (1936) burning Gaudí plans and drawings.
  31. 31. The discovery in the municipal archives of the sketches signed by Gaudí, has allowed to know the heights of the towers and most of the details
  32. 32. • It has a cruciform plan, with a five-aisled nave, a transept of three aisles, and an apse with seven chapels • It has three facades dedicated to the birth, passion and glory of Jesus
  33. 33. Façade of the Birth
  34. 34. ONE OF THE INNOVATIVE DESIGN IDEAS WAS THE HEIGHT OF THE TOWERS AT THE FRONT PARABOLIC WITH A TENDENCY TO SPIRAL UPWARD AND PIERCED WITH MANY WINDOWS
  35. 35. Nativity Facade
  36. 36. At the base of the spine turtle (land and sea) as a symbol of time is unchanged Sculpture of st. Barnabe in its current location in naixement façana
  37. 37. THE TEMPLE OF THE HOLY FAMILY MONUMENT - MUSEUM MOST VISITED SPAIN
  38. 38. INTERIOR OF A TOWER
  39. 39. HE DESCRIBES HIS VIEW OF THE FACADE OF THE PASSION OF GAUDÍ AS FOLLOWS: SOMEONE WILL FIND THE DOOR TOO EXTRAVAGANT, BUT I LIKE TO SEE YOUR FEAR, AND TO GET SPARE NO CHIAROSCURO, EVERYTHING SHOULD BE AS BLEAK . ALSO, I'M WILLING TO SACRIFICE THE SAME BUILDING, THE IDEA OF A BLOOD SACRIFICE​​ .
  40. 40. THE FRONT DOOR OF THE GLORY SUBIRACHS WORKS. THE PRAYER OF THE “PARE NOSTRE" CENTRAL DOOR LEFT
  41. 41. Interior
  42. 42. Sculptural cycle of passion is installed on three levels, in ascending order s- shaped to play the calvary of Jesus
  43. 43. SCULPTURAL FORM THAT SYMBOLIZES THE MOUNTAIN OF MONTSERRAT - CAVALL BERNAT
  44. 44. TOMB OF ANTONI GAUDÍ, LOCATED IN THE CRYPT OF THE HOLY FAMILY

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