Final Review

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Final Review

  1. 1. REVIEW
  2. 2. 1.- Acording to the Bible:James was a ……………………. with his father and brother
  3. 3. 2.- His brother was:St.……………………. the ……………………..
  4. 4. 3.- Some authors think thatJames was …………. of Jesus
  5. 5. 4.- The legend holds it that just before his Crucifixion, Jesus divided up the world among his Apostles. Peter went to…
  6. 6. 5.- And James went to…
  7. 7. 6.- Wich of these people lived in the peninsula before the Romans…?  Iberians  Celts  Phoenicians  Greeks  Visigoths  Carthaginians
  8. 8. 7.- James is sent to Hispania On his way back to Holy Land,still in Hispania at Caesaraugusta… What happened?
  9. 9. 8.- James is the first Apostle to die for Jesus In wich Century?
  10. 10. 9.- What is the Traslatio?
  11. 11. 10.- The boat finaly stopped in… A- Santiago de Compostela B- Padrón C- Iria Flavia D- Finisterre
  12. 12. 11.- The very bad Queen of the land was…
  13. 13. 12.- After the fall of the Roman Empire, the………………………..came to Hispania
  14. 14. 13.- The fights between Visigoths caused abig change in Spanish History…
  15. 15. - 14.- In the IX Century a Christian hermit heard music and saw lights shining over a small cave in the woods on Mount Libredón…what was his name?- A- Palaio- B- Pelayo- C- Paio- D- Pedro
  16. 16. 15. -Pelayo took the Bishop to the site and he authenticated the bonesas those of the Apostle St. James and his disciples.Who was this Bishop? A- Teodoro B- Teodomiro C- Teodorico D- Teodoredo
  17. 17. 16- The king went to see the relics and built a small church.He’s the first pilgrim. A- Alfonso I B- Alfonso IV the Cruel C- Alfonso II the Chaste D- Alfonso III the Saint
  18. 18. 17- The name Compostela means: A- Field of Tombs B- Field of Compost C- Cemetery D- Field of Stars
  19. 19. 18- Why was so important to identify that tomb as the burial place of st. James?A- After the fall of the Roman Empire, the new kingdoms werecompeting to get more land for its needs.B- After the fall of the Roman Empire, the new kingdoms werecompeting to proof wich one was more Christian.C- After the fall of the Roman Empire, everybody was looking forSt. James.
  20. 20. 19- Santiago Matamoros (Moor-slayer) appeared during the battle of: A- las Navas B- Midway C- Almansa D- Clavijo
  21. 21. 20- The reason for the battle was:A- the Christians were conquering territoriesB- the Christians refused to pay a taxC- the Moors refused to pay a tax
  22. 22. 21.- Why this legend?A- To help the Christians fight the MuslimsB- To consolidate the King’s position against the rest ofChristian kingdoms…
  23. 23. 22.- Priscillian was…. A- A theologian B- A Bishop C- A religious leader
  24. 24. 23.- Why was so important to make pilgrimages in the MiddleAges? What was there to make such a dangerous thing worth it?
  25. 25. 24.- What is a relic?A- Pieces of the body of a SaintB- Pieces of clothes of a SaintC- Anything related to a Saint (bones, cloth, hair, blood,etc…)
  26. 26. 25.- A church with a relic A- Attracts more people B- Has more money C- Has more power
  27. 27. 26.- The 3 most important places for Christians were: A- Jerusalem, Rome & Santiago B- Jerusalem, Santiago & Bethelem C- Jerusalem, Rome & Israel D- Jerusalem, Santiago & Italy
  28. 28. 27.- Why the pilgrimage to Santiago was different?
  29. 29. 28.- Which of these reasons for pilgrimage is correct? 1.- Devotion. 2.- Praying for a Miracle. 3.- Adventure & business. 4.- Tourism 5.- For money. 6.- To help somebody else. 7.- Penance.
  30. 30. 29.- Which one is NOT a symbol of a pilgrim? A- Walking stick B- Pumpkin C- Scallop D- Broad brim hat E- Boots F- Cape or cloak
  31. 31. 30.- Christian Kings helped the pilgrimage by A- Tax exemptions B- Building bridges, roads & hospitals C- Allowing religious orders establishing monasteries D- Bringing the Army to the roads to protect pilgrims E- New laws to protect the pilgrims
  32. 32. 31.- The CODEX CALIXTINUS is a compilation of booksrelating to St James and the pilgrimage. How many? A- 12 B- 73 C- 5 D- 7
  33. 33. 32.- The Codex Calixtinus was written by A- a French monk B- a Galician monk C- a French King D- a Spanish Bishop
  34. 34. 33.- The Monasteries were important becauseA- they were the keepers of armies during the Middle AgesB- they were the keepers of knowledge during the Middle AgesC- they helped the pilgrims during the Middle AgesD- they spread new forms of art throughout the Christendom.E- They helped repopulate conquered territories.
  35. 35. 34.- The “founder” of western monasticism, the man who wrotethe main “Rule” for monks was: A- Saint Benedict B- Sant Yago C- Saint Mark
  36. 36. 35.- The religious order that helped the pilgrimage to Santiago by building monasteries & hospitals was. A- Clooney B- Cluny C- Císter D- the Cluniacs
  37. 37. 35.- What is “Ora et Labora”? A- Pray & Fight B- Fight & Work C- Pray & Work D- Think & Work
  38. 38. 36.- Military Orders appearedA- following the First Crusade  (1099 d. C.)B- in the XII centuryC- in the XIII century
  39. 39. 37.- What is a Military Order?A- Soldiers who protect the roadsB- Monks who help pilgrimsC- Monk soldiersD- Monks in the Army
  40. 40. 38.- The Military Order of The Poor Fellow-soldiers Of Christ arecalled Templars because. A- They used to build temples everywhere B- Their first site was at the temple of Solomon in Jerusalem C- Their first site was at the temple of Abraham in Jerusalem D- Their first site was at the temple of Santiago
  41. 41. 39.- The Military Order of Santiago was established in the A- X century B- XI century C- XII century D- XIII century
  42. 42. 40.- The Military Order of Santiago initial purpose was A- to provide protection for pilgrims B- provide hospital services to sick pilgrims C- to help repopulate the conquered territories
  43. 43. 41.- The Military Order of Santiago’s symbol wasA- B- C-D- E- F-
  44. 44. 42.- The Military Order of Santiago’s Cross represents A- The martyrdom of Santiago B- The power of the Church C- The fight for Christ
  45. 45. 1.- It’s called Romanesque because ofA- was invented by the Ancient RomansB- the use of Ancient Roman’s technical solutionsC- was originally from Rome, Italy
  46. 46. 2.- It’s a style thatA- was present just in SpainB- was all around EuropeC- was created in France
  47. 47. 3.- The spread of Romanesque architecture was due toA- the end of the invasionsB- the weakness of Al-andalusC- the peace between Christian Kingdoms
  48. 48. 4.- The Romanesque came to the Peninsula thanks to: A- The Order of Santiago B- the Order of Cluny C- Saint Benedict D- The Knights Templars
  49. 49. 5.- The Romanesque came to the Peninsula through:
  50. 50. 6.- Romanesque Architecture  A  S  S
  51. 51. 7.- Churches made to last for ever, they used A- Wood B- Bricks C- Stone D- Ashlars
  52. 52. 8.- The main characteristic is the use of
  53. 53. 9.- The typical vault of the Romanesque is A- Rounded Vault B- Circular Vault C- Ojival vault D- Barrel Vault
  54. 54. 10.- Thick supports are needed in the exterior to support the weight of the arches. They’re called
  55. 55. 11.- The naves are separated by A- Pillars B- Columns C- Seats D- Walls
  56. 56. 12.- The first Romanesque Floor Plans were A- Latin Cross B- Basilical C- Squared D- Ugly
  57. 57. 13.- but the most typical isA- Latin CrossB- BasilicalC- SquaredD- Ugly
  58. 58. 14.-A- TranseptB- AmbulatoryC- ApseD- ApsidiolesE- TowersF- CrossingG- Main Nave
  59. 59. 15.-A- TranseptB- AmbulatoryC- ApseD- ApsidiolesE- TowersF- CrossingG- Main Nave
  60. 60. 16.-A- TranseptB- AmbulatoryC- ApseD- ApsidiolesE- TowersF- CrossingG- Main Nave
  61. 61. 17.-A- TranseptB- AmbulatoryC- ApseD- ApsidiolesE- TowersF- CrossingG- Main Nave
  62. 62. 18.-A- TranseptB- AmbulatoryC- ApseD- ApsidiolesE- TowersF- CrossingG- Main Nave
  63. 63. 19.-A- TranseptB- AmbulatoryC- ApseD- ApsidiolesE- TowersF- CrossingG- Main Nave
  64. 64. 19.-A- TranseptB- AmbulatoryC- ApseD- ApsidiolesE- TowersF- CrossingG- Main Nave
  65. 65. 20.- The tower above the crossing is the A- Cimarro B- Columnii C- Cimborrio D- Cimera
  66. 66. 21.- Romanesque Portal A- Splay B- Order C- Tympanum D- Lintel E- Pier
  67. 67. 22.- Romanesque Portal A- Splay B- Order C- Tympanum D- Lintel E- Pier
  68. 68. 23.- Romanesque Portal A- Splay B- Order C- Tympanum D- Lintel E- Pier
  69. 69. 24.- Romanesque Portal A- Splay B- Order C- Tympanum D- Lintel E- Pier
  70. 70. 25.- Romanesque Portal A- Splay B- Order C- Tympanum D- Lintel E- Pier
  71. 71. 26.- Mudéjar isA- a Muslim who submitted to the rule of the Christian kings.B- the Romanesque made by Muslims.
  72. 72. 26.- Mudéjar style isA- a Muslim who submitted to the rule of the Christian kings.B- the Romanesque made by Muslims.
  73. 73. 27.- What is the Pórtico de la Gloria
  74. 74. 28.-
  75. 75. 29.- The land granted by a lord in exchange for services is A- a Vassal B- a fief C- a mansour
  76. 76. 30.- The Lord givesA- - military protection - legal defense - landB- - military help - advice - part of the profits
  77. 77. 31.- The social pyramid

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