Child labour

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Child labour

  1. 1. CHILD LABOUR Jatin Kumar Enrol No: 11115045
  2. 2. ChildLabour 1.Defination 2.History 3.Industry involved child Labour 4.Howtostopit
  3. 3. Defination Child Labour = Employment of children at regular and sustained labour By UNICEF: A child involved in a labour activity if between 5-11 years of age.
  4. 4. Cont. • By India’s Census Office(2001): Participation of child less than 17 years of age in any economic productive activity with or without componsation ,wages or profit.
  5. 5. History 1.International Revolution: four year old children work in production factory 2.Victorian era: notorious for employing young children in factory and mines and as chimney sweeps. Ex. Charles Dickens-12 yr
  6. 6. Cont. 3. England and Scotland(1788): 2/3 of workers in 143 water power cotton mill
  7. 7. Cont. • UNICEF: (2011) 150 million child in age of 5-14 yr. 16 % are involved in child labour. 90% involved in domestic labour are girls. • ILO:(2010) sub saharan africa =1 in 4 ,aged 5-17. Asia Pacific= 1 in 8 Latin America = 1 in 10
  8. 8. India in 2013-2014 • 2nd highest where 1st is africa • 17 million as child labour presently • 19% - domestic help • 85% of working children - unorganised sector
  9. 9. Cont. • 2 million – sex worker age of 5-15yr 3.3 million – age of 15 – 18yr • 1 in 8 Indian child in world.
  10. 10. WORK INVOLVED CHILD LABOUR
  11. 11. Mining
  12. 12. prostitution
  13. 13. Agriculture
  14. 14. Quarrying
  15. 15. Clothing factory
  16. 16. Cigarette factory
  17. 17. Cardboard factory
  18. 18. Polishing shoes
  19. 19. Cleaning
  20. 20. Work in all types of weather for minimal pay.
  21. 21. Causes of child labour 1. Orphans 2.Willingness to exploit their children 3.Unemployment of elders
  22. 22. Cont. 4. Parents illiteracy 5. Ineffective enforcement of rules 6. Seen as a cheap labour
  23. 23. Consequences 1. Phisical Injuries and multilations 2. Poisoning to body 3. Growth Deficiency
  24. 24. Cont. 4. Long term health problem 5. HIV/AIDS or other STD 6.Exhaution and malnutrition
  25. 25. How to stop 1. More Employment 2. Education 3. Strict impliment of rules banning child labour
  26. 26. Cont. 4. Strong implementation of right to education rule 5. Take initiatives e.g. MV Foundation
  27. 27. LAWS: 1. Article 24 of constitution of India prohibit child labour 2. Factories act 1948 3.Mines Act 1952
  28. 28. Cont. 4. Orrisa child labour (prohobotion and regulation) rule 1994 5.Right of child to free and complsury education act 2009 6. Child labour (prohibition & regulation) act 1986
  29. 29. Thank you
  30. 30. References 1. www.wikipedia.com 2. http://www.friendsofsbt.org/statistics 3. http://www.tnchildlabour.tn.gov.in/causes.htm 4. http://rishikeshydv.blogspot.in/2012/06/child-labour-in- india.html 5. www.google.com

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