William Shakespeare• William Shakespeare was born on April 26th, 1564.• Shakespeare died on April 26th, 1616.• William’s father was John, a local business man, and his mother was Mary.• William was the third oldest child. Shakespeare had seven brothers and sisters.
William Shakespeare• Shakespeare and his family lived in Stratford Upon Avon.• Stratford is about 100 miles outside of London.• Shakespeare had a fourth grade education and never attended a university.
William Shakespeare• In 1582 Shakespeare, then 18, married 26 year old Anne Hathaway.• The eight year age gap was unusual for the time.• At the time they were married Hathaway was pregnant with their first child, Susanna.• Shakespeare did not like his wife
William Shakespeare• Anne and William had two other children, twins Judith and Hamnet.• At the age of eleven Hamnet passed away.• Shakespeare was very distraught by the death of his son and paid tribute to him in the play Hamlet.
William Shakespeare• Shakespeare had a very small family for the time, usually people had larger families due to high child mortality rates.• Though Shakespeare’s family resided in Stratford Shakespeare spent the majority of his time in London.• Shakespeare resided in Stratford only during the winter.
Shakespeare’s Poetry• Shakespeare is know for his invention of the Shakespearean sonnet.• This sonnets are 14 lines long.• Have an ABAB, CDCD, EFEF, GG rhyme scheme.• Are all written in Iambic Pentameter.• Iambic Pentameter has 10 syllables per line and follow an unstressed/stressed pattern.• The last two rhyming lines are called a Heroic Couplet
Shall I compare thee to a summers day? AThou art more lovely and more temperate: BRough winds do shake the darling buds of May, AAnd summers lease hath all too short a date: B U / U / U / U / U /Sometime too4 hot the6eye of8heaven shines, C 2 10And often is his gold complexion dimmd; DAnd every fair from fair sometime declines, CBy chance or natures changing course untrimmd; DBut thy eternal summer shall not fade ENor lose possession of that fair thou owest; FNor shall Death brag thou wanderst in his shade, EWhen in eternal lines to time thou growest: FSo long as men can breathe or eyes can see, GSo long lives this and this gives life to thee. G
Shakespeare’s Poetry• Shakespeare wrote 154 Shakespearean Sonnets• Shakespeare also wrote poetry that didn’t follow the Shakespearean sonnet format however he is most famous for the Shakespearean Sonnet.
Shakespeare’s Plays• Shakespeare wrote three main types of plays.1. Comedies2. Histories3. Tragedies• Shakespeare began his career with the comedies and ended with the tragedies.
Shakespeare’s Comedy• Shakespeare’s comedy generally involves some sort of romantic folly where there are mismatched romantic pairings.• One trait of Shakespeare’s comedy is that nobody will die.• There is a dark side to Shakespeare’s comedy, characters will often go through a dramatic series of events.
Shakespeare’s Tragedy• Shakespeare’s tragedy involves a main character who is a prominent figure in his/her society.• There is always a flaw in this person’s character that he/she doesn’t realize.• The main character will always fall from power.• The main character will always die.
Shakespeare’s History• Shakespeare’s histories are both a comment on previous rulers as well as current rulers.• Shakespeare would often point out what he thought was wrong with the government in his plays.• Because he was sponsored by the king he needed to hide this fact, which he did by writing about fictional or past rulers.
Shakespeare’s Plays• Shakespeare wrote 13 Comedies.• Shakespeare wrote 10 Histories.• Shakespeare wrote 15 Tragedies.• As Shakespeare got older his writing became darker and darker, thus he ended his career writing tragedies.
Shakespeare’s Plays• Shakespeare’s plays typically have five acts.• Typically there is a character of lower class who can see through all of the confusion in the play and tells the audience what is really going on.• Shakespeare also relies on soliloquies and asides to inform the audience of plot.
Soliloquy• A soliloquy is anytime where a character is alone on stage and talking to the audience.• The character will break the fourth wall and tell the audience what he/she is thinking.• Typically in tragedy this is where we learn the main characters tragic flaw.
Aside• An aside is similar to a soliloquy but the character is not alone on the stage.• Again the fourth wall is broken, but only the audience knows what is going on.• Modern examples of the aside can be seen in TV shows like Malcolm in the Middle and Saved by the Bell.
Shakespeare’s Life• Shakespeare was a wealthy man for his time. He owned part of his theatre, The Globe, so he received a portion of the profits from his plays.• Shakespeare became the official playwright of the king. His performance group was originally Lord Chamberlain’s Men and later became The King’s Men.
Shakespeare’s Theatre• The Globe Theatre was built outside of London, theatre was performed here due to the Puritans.• The original Globe burned down during Shakespeare’s time.• During a performance of Henry the VIII in 1613 an errant cannon shot caught the thatch roof on fire.
Shakespeare’s Theatre• A second Globe was built less than 60 miles from the site of the original Globe in 1614.• This second Globe also burned down (though after Shakespeare’s death).• A third Globe was built in 1997 outside of London at the site of the original Globe.
Shakespeare’s Theatre• At the time women were not allowed to act on stage.• Because of this men performed all the roles. Boys below the age of thirteen performed the roles of women.• To compensate for this romantic scenes were often conducted behind a curtain.
Shakespeare’s Theatre• Shakespeare did not write down any of his plays.• Actors memorized the lines as they performed the plays.• After Shakespeare’s death The King’s Men recorded all of his plays on paper to pay tribute to Shakespeare.• Because of this there are slight differences in the various copies of his plays.