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  1. 1. A.I. && ROBOTICS By :Jasdeep kaur
  2. 2. Artificial Intelligence Artificial intelligence (AI) is technology and a branch of computer science that studies and develops intelligent machines and software.
  3. 3. Intelligent Machines • Intelligence is the ability to learn about, to learn from, to understand about, and interact with one’s environment. • Artificial Intelligence (AI) is usually defined as the science of making computers do things that require intelligence when done by humans. • A.I is the study of ideas that enable computers to be intelligent.
  4. 4. How Does AI Works?? Artificial intelligence works with the help of : • Artificial Neurons (Artificial Neural Network) • Scientific theorems(If- Then Statements, Logics)
  5. 5. What is Neural Networking?? Artificial neural networks are composed of interconnecting artificial neurons (programming constructs that mimic the properties of biological neurons).
  6. 6. Sec 2: ANN 6 Dendrites: Accepts Inputs Soma: Processes the Inputs Axon: Turns the processed inputs into outputs Synapses: The electrochemical contact between neurons
  7. 7. An Artificial Neuron W 1W 2 W 3 Wn W0 f X1 X2 X3 Xn Axons Synapses Dendrites Body (Soma) Axon Bias Output (y)
  8. 8. Examples Of Artificial Intelligence Expert Systems!!  An expert system is a computer program that is designed to hold the accumulated knowledge of one or more domain experts  It reasons with knowledge of some specialist subject with a view to solving problems or giving advice  They are tested by being placed in the same real world problem solving situation
  9. 9. Applications of Expert Systems PROSPECTOR: Used by geologists to identify sites for drilling or mining PUFF: Medical system for diagnosis of respiratory conditions
  10. 10. Applications of Expert Systems LITHIAN: Gives advice to archaeologists examining stone tools DENDRAL: Used to identify the structure of chemical compounds. First used in 1965
  11. 11. Robotics The most emerging field of AI is robotics. Robots are physical agents that perform tasks by manipulating the physical world. They are equipped with sensors to perceive their environment and effectors to assert physical forces on it .
  12. 12. Robotics and AI Artificial intelligence is a theory. The base object is the agent who is the "actor". It is realized in software. Robots are manufactured as hardware. The connection between those two is that the control of the robot is a software agent that reads data from the sensors, decides what to do next and then directs the effectors to act in the physical world.
  13. 13. Robotics as a career option Robotics being an applied course prefers students who have completed their graduation in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, instrumentation engineering or computer engineering with an interest in robotics and artificial intelligence. Being in the field of computers you have a great opportunity to persue your career in this expanding field. Opting such a advancing field will surely assure you a bright future.
  14. 14. Universities Of Robotics Science in India • Indian institute of robotics, Chennai • IITs in Mumbai, Chennai, Delhi, Kanpur, Kharagpur • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore • National Institute ofTechnology • University of Hyderabad • Jadavpur University • Birla Institute ofTechnology and Science