Farming of fish and shellfish has gained significant grounds in several parts of the world .
Now a days disease is main problem in aquafarming.
In recent years ,lot of attention is being given to health management using various forms of immunoprophylactic techniques such as vaccination and immunostimulation .
To reduce immunoprophylactic application ,it is vital to have insight into specific and non specific defense mechanism of farmed animal .
Through disease process studies ,it is very well known that a pathogen can cause disease only if it can overcome the non specific and specific defense barriers of the host and successfully establish and proliferate