Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Lec5 research proposal writing


Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

Lec5 research proposal writing

  1. 1.  describes the whole process of research to be undertaken  a written plan of study
  2. 2.  It is a straight-forward document  It is NOT a literary production  It is clearly organized
  3. 3.  Title page  Purpose or hypothesis and specific objectives  Discussion of significance of need (justification)  Review of work done or being done (literature)  Materials and Methods  Discussion of possible outcomes (conclusions)  Time frame, budget, and biography of investigators
  4. 4.  SPECIFIC and as brief as is possible consistent with giving information  As a general rule should not exceed 15 words  contain the subject matter of the study, the locale of the study, the population involved, and the period when the data were gathered or will be gathered.
  5. 5. Comment on this  TheAmazing Production of Polyclonal and MonoclonalAntibodiesAgainst Pseudomonas solanaceum, E.F. Smith for Diagnosis of BacterialWilt in Banana.
  6. 6. The Introduction should contain the following subheadings:  Background of the Study  Statement of the Problem  Research Objectives  Hypothesis  Significance of the Study  Scope and Limitations  Definition of KeyTerms (if applicable)
  7. 7.  the proponent cite the background of the study by quoting some statements from published materials relevant to the proposed study to give the reader a bird’s eye view of the study.   the proponent can also state the rationale of the study or justification for doing the study but not so extensive since there is another segment where the proponent can explain this called “Significance of the Study”.
  8. 8.  A general statement of the whole problem followed by specific questions or subproblems into which the general problem is broken up.
  9. 9.  statement of purpose for which the investigation is to be conducted. It differs from a research problem by being stated in a declarative form.
  10. 10.  only EXPERIMENTAL studies need expressly- written hypothesis
  11. 11.  Rationale, timeliness, and/or relevance of the study  possible solutions to existing problems or improvement of unsatisfactory conditions.  Who are to be benefited and how?  Possible contribution to the fund of knowledge.
  12. 12.  a brief statement of the general purpose of the study  the subject matter and topics studied and discussed  the locale of the study, where the data were gathered or to be gathered  the population or universe from which the respondents were selected  the period of the study.
  13. 13.  only the terms, words, or phrases which have special or unique meanings in the study are defined  terms should be defined operationally, i.e. how they are used in the study  definitions should be as brief, clear, and unequivocal as possible.
  14. 14.  a summary of the writings of recognized authorities and of previous research provides evidence that the researcher is familiar with what is already known and what is still unknown and untested
  15. 15.  this section tells the reader exactly how the study will be conducted and to ensure that a competent worker could repeat your experiment and compare his/her results with your own.  this section must directly satisfy the criterion of replication.
  16. 16.  who will be the research participants (or what population of plants or animals), how many of them, their characteristics (number, species, strain number, sex, age, weight, etc.), and how will they be selected.
  17. 17.  Any mention of commercially marketed equipment should be accompanied by the firm’s name and the model number, or in the case of a measuring instrument, a reference that will enable the reader to obtain the same scale
  18. 18.  A 2 x 6 factorial experiment will be conducted using lambs fed ad libitum in individual pens indoors.This will comprise two basal diets (kale and Lucerne) and five levels of SMCO supplementation (0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, and 1.6 D.M.). As SMCO supplementation depressed voluntary intake, the sixth supplementary treatment will be comprised of animals offered control kale and Lucerne diets (i.e. without any SMCO added) but with intake restricted to the same level as to be achieved by the groups supplemented with 1.6% SMCO.There were four replicate animals in each of the 12 treatment groups, giving 48 animals in the complete experiment.  Source: Mountier NS, Lucas RJ (1981)
  19. 19.  details about levels of statistical significance applied in hypothesis testing, or any special statistical tests or analyses done.This depends on the objectives as well as the chosen research design.
  20. 20.  This section should show the skeleton or dummy tables or data sheets.  Provides clues as to how the data will be best presented, whether in tables or figures.
  21. 21.  accurate preliminary list of the articles cited in your review of related literature.  Additional literature may be added later.  Follow a consistent style throughout  Any error can destroy your credibility and diminish the chance for acceptance of your proposal.
  22. 22.  allow yourself enough time but don’t be wasteful  know exactly how much time is given to you by the grantor or adviser