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Chapter 2 Section 1
Mesopotamia
Fertile Crescent
• Land area between the Tigris and Euphrates
rivers.
• Called MESOPOTAMIA or land between rivers
• Locate...
Government
• Formed city-states….cities that had their own
government
• First people were Sumerians
• Had walls built of m...
Empires
• Large political state under the rule of one ruler
• First was started by Sargon

• Babylonian Empire was led by ...
Customs and Traditions
• Patriarchal society
• Society dominated by men
• Women had less rights

• Polytheism
• Belief in ...
Sumerian Inventions
• Wagon Wheel
• Potters wheel
• Sundial

• Arch
• Math and Astronomy
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WH Ch 2-1

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WH Unit 1 Ch 2-1

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WH Ch 2-1

  1. 1. Chapter 2 Section 1 Mesopotamia
  2. 2. Fertile Crescent • Land area between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. • Called MESOPOTAMIA or land between rivers • Located in current day Iraq
  3. 3. Government • Formed city-states….cities that had their own government • First people were Sumerians • Had walls built of mud, used arches and domes • Center of city was a religious temple called a ziggurat • Gods were thought to have ruled the cities making them a theocracy or a govt. by divine authority • Later kings took power
  4. 4. Empires • Large political state under the rule of one ruler • First was started by Sargon • Babylonian Empire was led by King Hammurabi • Started the Code of Hammurabi • 282 laws dealing with all aspects of life • Was uniform throughout the Babylonian Empire
  5. 5. Customs and Traditions • Patriarchal society • Society dominated by men • Women had less rights • Polytheism • Belief in many gods • Cuneiform • Early system of writing • Scribes were the first record keepers
  6. 6. Sumerian Inventions • Wagon Wheel • Potters wheel • Sundial • Arch • Math and Astronomy

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