WH Ch 1-1

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WH Unit 1 Ch 1

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WH Ch 1-1

  1. 1. World History Chapter 1 Section 1,2 Mr. Owens
  2. 2. Before History  The period before history- prehistory- is the period for which we have no written records.  We know about prehistory from archaeological and biological information.
  3. 3. Before History  Archaeologists and Anthropologists create theories based on this information.  Archaeology studies the structure of past societies by analyzing the artifactstools, household items, weapons, buildings, artwork, religious figures, etc. that people left behind.  Anthropology focuses more on culture by studying artifacts and human remains.
  4. 4. Before History  For example- by studying tools and weapons scientists create theories about the economic and military structures of a society.  Examining bones and hides can tell us about the diet of people.  Most times, archaeologists and anthropologists use scientific methods to create their theories.
  5. 5. Before History  One valuable dating method is radiocarbon dating.  This method dates accurately up to 50,000 years old. Thermoluminescence measures accurately up to 200,000 years old.  Biological methods such as DNA and blood molecule analyses also give us information about societies of prehistory.
  6. 6. Early Stages of Development  The earliest humanlike beings, called australopithecines (“southern apes”) by their discoverer, Donald Johnson, lived in Africa three to four million years ago.  They were the first hominids (creatures to walk upright) to make tools.
  7. 7. Early Stages of Development  Homo erectus marks the next stage of human development. These species date from about 1.5 million years ago.  Homo sapiens (“wise human beings”) emerged about 250,000 years ago. Two groups emerged from thisNeanderthals and Homo sapiens sapiens. The Neanderthals died out because of conflict between the two groups.
  8. 8. Early Stages of Development  Homo sapiens sapiens was the first group that looked like us. They appeared in Africa between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago. All humans today belong to this subgroup of Homo sapiens.

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