Ch 11 section 1
Advantages and Disadvantages
 North

 South

 Larger population

 Smaller population

 22 million

 9 million

 Mor...
Financing the War
 North

 South

 Legal Tender Act

 Had to tax with tariffs

 Created a national

currency and allo...
Politics
 North

 South

 War Democrats

 States Rights

 Supported war and

wanted the union to
restore the way it w...
Modern War
 Used trenches and rifles created a deadly

situation where high casualties occurred
 Attrition-the wearing d...
Chapter 11-Section II
 Conscription-requiring people to serve in military
 North tried to get volunteers by offering a b...
Merrimack/Virginia vs. Monitor
Notable battles of Civil War
 Battle

Result

 First Battle of Bull Run
 Battle of Shiloh

 Battle of Murfreesboro
 S...
Emancipation Proclamation
 A decree freeing all slaves in states still

in rebellion with the United States

 Did not ap...
Reasons for and Results of
Emancipation Proclamation

Reasons for

Emancipation
Proclamation

Effect on the
War
Chapter 11 section 3
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Ch 11 sect 1

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American History Ch 11-1

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Ch 11 sect 1

  1. 1. Ch 11 section 1
  2. 2. Advantages and Disadvantages  North  South  Larger population  Smaller population  22 million  9 million  More to choose from  Less people to chose for army and support efforts for the war from and less support  Most of the generals were from the south  More well trained soldiers
  3. 3. Financing the War  North  South  Legal Tender Act  Had to tax with tariffs  Created a national currency and allowed the govt to print paper money  Greenbacks  Paper money that was green  Inflation rate rose 80% during the war  Northern Naval Blockade made it difficult for the South to trade  Taxed its own people  Ppl were already in debt and resented the tax  Printed its own money  Was worthless— created 9,000 % inflation
  4. 4. Politics  North  South  War Democrats  States Rights  Supported war and wanted the union to restore the way it was  South was an association of independent states  Peace Democrats  Weak Federal govt.  Opposed war and  Made the war effort wanted to negotiate rather than fight more difficult  President Jefferson  Copperheads-nickname Davis of peace democrats  Conscription-forced military service  Habeas corpus-right to a trial..Lincoln  Tried conscription and martial law—many leaders dissented from these ideas  Trent affair-delegates sent to Europe to gain
  5. 5. Modern War  Used trenches and rifles created a deadly situation where high casualties occurred  Attrition-the wearing down of one side by another  South picked battles carefully  Attack and retreat method called a defensive war of attrition  North used the Anaconda plan  Surround the South with navy and army and slowly choke the south into surrender
  6. 6. Chapter 11-Section II  Conscription-requiring people to serve in military  North tried to get volunteers by offering a bounty or bonus to those who served for three years  Congress passed the Militia Act  Gave Lincoln the authority to call up state militias  Later a national draft was created  Union navies used a blockade of Southern ports to try and squeeze the life out of union ports  South used blockade runners or small ships to use the cover of night to smuggle goods in and out of port cities
  7. 7. Merrimack/Virginia vs. Monitor
  8. 8. Notable battles of Civil War  Battle Result  First Battle of Bull Run  Battle of Shiloh  Battle of Murfreesboro  Seven Days Battle  Second Battle of Bull Run
  9. 9. Emancipation Proclamation  A decree freeing all slaves in states still in rebellion with the United States  Did not apply to border states—kept their loyalty
  10. 10. Reasons for and Results of Emancipation Proclamation Reasons for Emancipation Proclamation Effect on the War
  11. 11. Chapter 11 section 3

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