NORTH AMERICA
United States,
Canada and
Greenland
North America
Covers an area of 9.3
million sq. miles.
Bounded by the
Atlantic Ocean to its
east and the Pacific
Ocean t...
I. Physical Features
A. In North American there are both old and
young mountains.
1. Young folded mountains run along the ...
2. The ancient Appalachian Mts. Run along the
eastern length of the USA; their highest peak,
Mt. Mitchell, has an altitude...
North
American
Mountains
3. Several important rivers flow through North
America.
a. Missouri River 2,540 miles
b. Mississippi River 2,340 miles
c. ...
II. Climate and Vegetation
A. North America contains a board range of temperate
climates from warm temperate along the eas...
B. Extensive forests occur in temperate North
America, ranging from the predominantly
deciduous forests found in eastern p...
 Red Wood Trees California, USA.
C. Extensive grasslands cover the interior of the
continent.
1. Tall-grass prairies occur where rainfall in over 30 inches...
D. In Alaska and Canada north of the boreal
forest, there is a belt of tundra where small
shrubs, lichens, and grasses gro...
III. Population
A. North America had a population of 529
million people.
1. High living standards are reflected in the hig...
IV. Agriculture
A. North America is gifted with water resources,
arable land, forests, and fishing areas.
1. These favorab...
B. The extensive forests which still remain,
following large-scale deforestation in the
19th
century, are exploited for th...
V. Industrialization
A. Natural resources, technological innovation,
and well-developed infrastructure facilities,
includi...
B. North America has extensive mineral wealth.
1. Extensive deposits of iron ore and coal have been
the cornerstone of the...
VI. Languages
A. English is the dominant language in
North America, except in the Canadian
province of Quebec, where Frenc...
VII. Boundary disputes and Wars
A. There are no major boundary disputes in the region,
nor has the region been directly af...
U.s. and canada
U.s. and canada
U.s. and canada
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U.s. and canada

  1. 1. NORTH AMERICA United States, Canada and Greenland
  2. 2. North America Covers an area of 9.3 million sq. miles. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean to its east and the Pacific Ocean to its west.
  3. 3. I. Physical Features A. In North American there are both old and young mountains. 1. Young folded mountains run along the western part of the continent from Alaska to the Central American isthmus and include a number of active volcanoes. a. Part of these mountains are the Rocky Mts. b. Several peaks in the Rocky Mts. Exceed 13,200 ft.
  4. 4. 2. The ancient Appalachian Mts. Run along the eastern length of the USA; their highest peak, Mt. Mitchell, has an altitude of 6,683 ft. a. An extensive coastal plain lies between this chain and the Atlantic Ocean. b. Plains and lowlands are found in the continent’s interior. c. Glaciers, which covered much of this area during the ice ages, sculpted the rocky plateaus of Canada and deposited sediments as cast plains that straddle Canada and the USA.
  5. 5. North American Mountains
  6. 6. 3. Several important rivers flow through North America. a. Missouri River 2,540 miles b. Mississippi River 2,340 miles c. The St. Lawrence River links the Great Lakes of Canada and the USA to the Atlantic Ocean. d. The Rio Grande flows between the USA and Mexico. 3. There are several large lakes of which Lake Superior, which covers 31,699 sq. miles, is the largest.
  7. 7. II. Climate and Vegetation A. North America contains a board range of temperate climates from warm temperate along the east coast and Mediterranean in southern California to cooler moist climates in northwest and northeast USA and Canada. 1. Most of N.A. is humid, except for a dry belt across the southwest of the USA and basins within the Rockies. 2. An extensive tornado zone is found in the continental interior of the USA. 3. Tropical Hurricanes often strike the southeastern parts of the USA.
  8. 8. B. Extensive forests occur in temperate North America, ranging from the predominantly deciduous forests found in eastern parts of the USA to the short-tree boreal forests of the subarctic. 1. Tall trees such as redwoods and firs are found along the Pacific coastline. a. Other trees include; maple, ash, and oak. b. Deer, brown and grizzly bears, lynx, and beavers are found in these forests. 2. Boreal forests are home to migrating animals such as deer, elk, caribou, and moose.
  9. 9.  Red Wood Trees California, USA.
  10. 10. C. Extensive grasslands cover the interior of the continent. 1. Tall-grass prairies occur where rainfall in over 30 inches, and short-grass prairies where precipitation is around 15 inches. 2. Large herds of bison once roamed these areas, but they were practically eradicated by hunting.
  11. 11. D. In Alaska and Canada north of the boreal forest, there is a belt of tundra where small shrubs, lichens, and grasses grow. 1. Migrating herds of caribou, reindeer and lemmings live in this zone, along with bears, wolves, foxes, and lynx.
  12. 12. III. Population A. North America had a population of 529 million people. 1. High living standards are reflected in the high life expectancies. a. 75.9 years for males. b. 81 years for females. 2. The low population growth rate of less than one percent also reflects an advanced level of development. a. Approximately 80.8% of the population is urbanized.
  13. 13. IV. Agriculture A. North America is gifted with water resources, arable land, forests, and fishing areas. 1. These favorable conditions, coupled with scientific farming practices, have enabled the establishment of highly productive agricultural industries. a. These include grain farming, such as wheat and maize; livestock for meat and dairying; cotton; and intensive farming of fruit and vegetables.
  14. 14. B. The extensive forests which still remain, following large-scale deforestation in the 19th century, are exploited for their valuable timbers. 1. Large areas have been reforested in order to produce a long-term sustainable industry.
  15. 15. V. Industrialization A. Natural resources, technological innovation, and well-developed infrastructure facilities, including energy supplies, have combined to make North America the world’s most important manufacturing region. 1. Continuous innovation has enabled it to withstand strong competition from European and Asian industrial nations.
  16. 16. B. North America has extensive mineral wealth. 1. Extensive deposits of iron ore and coal have been the cornerstone of the steel industry. 2. The Cordillera belt contains a large number of metallic ores including copper, zinc, molybdenum, gold, and silver. 3. Nickel and iron ore are extracted from ancient plateau rock in Canada. 4. Among minerals used for energy supplies, coal, petroleum, and natural gas deposits are widespread. 5. Although a large petroleum producer, the USA must also import large quantities because of heavy consumption.
  17. 17. VI. Languages A. English is the dominant language in North America, except in the Canadian province of Quebec, where French is the main language. 1. Some surviving American Indian languages are spoken by minority groups. 2. Spanish is spoken in many parts of USA. a. California, New Mexico, Texas, Florida and New York.
  18. 18. VII. Boundary disputes and Wars A. There are no major boundary disputes in the region, nor has the region been directly affected by land war in recent decades. 1. The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 have left a feeling of vulnerability, especially in the USA.

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