1. Why did King Louis XVban Diderot’sEncyclopedia?Answer He was warned that theEncyclopedia wasdangerous to France.
2. After King Louis XV read therights of the crown, hestated, “I don’t know why Iwas told so many bad thingsabout this work.” Give threereasons why his guestsargued not to ban theEncyclopedia.AnswerThey argued that people are afraid ofnew ideas they do not understand.The Encyclopedia shows howintelligent the French nation iscompared to others.Even if, as the king has beentold, some parts of the book arefaulty, the entire work should not bebanned.
3. What did Voltairemean by “Envy andignorance did nothold themselvesbeaten”?AnswerThose who distrustedor feared theEncyclopediacontinued to attack it.
4. In one of Voltaire’s letters, hestates, “Twenty in-folio volumes willnever cause a revolution; it’s thelittle portable 30 cent book whichare to be feared.” Discuss why asmaller, less expensive book couldhave a greater effect on peoples’ideas and beliefs and how it mightlead people to revolt against theircountry.AnswerAlmost anyone would be able toafford a small, inexpensive book.Whatever information theEncyclopedia contained thatmight cause the masses to revoltwould probably be read only bythe wealthy, whose support for theking was unlikely to change.