I. Israel and the Palestinians A. In 1967 the Six-Day war between Israel and its Arab neighbors. 1. Israel was victorious. Territory nearly tripled. i. Gaza Strip and the West Bank were acquired.
ORB. 1979 President Jimmy Carter organized talked that became known as the Camp David Accords. 1. This peace treaty ended a 30 year war between Egypt and Israel. i. The U.S. agreed to provide economic and military assistance to both countries and to help negotiate an end to the dispute between the Israelis and the Palestinians. 2. This treaty angered many Arab states because they lost Egypt as an ally against Israel.
C. Extensive peace talks (1993, 1995, 1998, and 1999) led to Israel’s withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and West Bank. 1. Suicide bombings by Islamic militants continued to terrorize the people who live there.
D. July 2000 Bill Clinton tried to foster a peace agreement between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. 1. After two weeks of negotiations talks ended without a treaty. i. Violence between the two groups continues to be problem for the Middle East.
II. Iraq A. 1990 Iraq invaded Kuwait. George H.W. Bush sent U.S. military forces to the Persian Gulf region. 1. Saddam Hussein, ignored warnings to remove his troops. 2. January 1991 the Persian Gulf War began with air raids and the following month, Iraqi forces were driven out of Kuwait. i. The U.S. also tried to destroy Iraq’s ability to build W.M.D.s. ii. 2003 the U.S. and Britain sent forces into Iraq to overthrow Hussein and destroy and W.M.D.s.
III. India and Pakistan A. This area has been tense since the partition of India following WWII. 1. Three wars have been fought over the disputed region of Kashmir. 2. By 1998 both countries have tested nuclear weapons. i. Many fear the consequences if another war were to break out.
IV. Yugoslavia A. The fall of the Soviet Union allowed Serbian and Croatian nationalists to drive Yugoslavia to civil war. 1. Both territories declared independence in 1991. 2. In an attempt to keep Bosnia from achieving independence, Serbs in Bosnia Herzegovina and the Yugoslav government began to kill Muslims within Bosnia.
B. 1998 Kosovo began to seek independence from Yugoslavia and unite with Albania. 1. NATO and U.N. Troops eventually stopped the fighting, but Bosnia remained ethnically divided.B. With the formation of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003, it secured the disappearance of Yugoslavia.
V. Africa A. With the collapse of colonial rule many dictators will assume power in many African Countries. 1. Nigeria and Uganda has been site of tribal conflicts because of the variety of ethnic and religious groups which has prevented the formation of stable governments. i. Poverty, wars, lack of food, and poor medical care has continually prevented African countries from modernizing their economies.