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Lesson #5 between the wars


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Lesson #5 between the wars

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Lesson #5 between the wars

  1. 1. OGT Buckledown Lesson 5 Between the Wars
  2. 2. Many Germans believed their leadershad betrayed them by signing an unfair treaty to end WWI. Germany had to;1. Pay war damages.2. Give away colonies.3. Reduce territory in Europe.4. Disarm.5. Prohibited from rebuilding a military.
  3. 3. What was the U.S. foreign policy following WWI? American people and Congress did not want any involvement in world affairs, except for trade.
  4. 4. Europe begins to fall to totalitarian regimes. When the German economy collapsed Germans became desperate. They looked to Adolf Hitler leader of the Nazi party to save the country.
  5. 5. Hitler’s control of Germany Used secret police to place all aspects of citizen life under their control. Reminded Germans of the humiliating WWI defeat. Promised to make Germany strong again.
  6. 6. Hitler’s control of Germany Hitler believed that German people belonged to a superior race, Aryans , who were the rightful rulers of the world. Began a campaign of persecution and harassment of German Jews.
  7. 7.  Italy saw a solution to Italy its economic problems in the Fascist party. Fascist party was led by dictator Benito Mussolini. Mussolini made all other political parties illegal.
  8. 8. Great Depression swept over the world. Fascists and Nazis gained followers. By 1932 the Nazi party was the strongest political party in Germany.  Hitler became chancellor.  Within a year, Hitler was the absolute ruler of Germany.  Began to build up army to extend territory.
  9. 9. Complete quick review #1 NOW!!!
  10. 10. Effects of the Great Depression on Industrialized Europe. The economies of Europe were tied to the United States economy. Lowered demand for goods resulted in lower production and widespread unemployment.  Many businesses failed.
  11. 11. How did countries deal with the depression? Italy Germany Spain Japan
  12. 12. Dictators gave rise to militarist states. Supported strong national armies and police to crush dissent and extend the borders of their empires.
  13. 13. Complete quick review #2 NOW
  14. 14. The Russian Revolution Caused by dissatisfaction with government CZAR policies. Serfs lived on the nobles land. Russian Nobles By 1700 serfs were little better than slaves.  They lived in poverty and had little opportunity for Russian Serfs education of any kind.
  15. 15. Causes of the Russian Revolution 1890 people were starving due to bad harvests. Workers in cities were dissatisfied with rising industrialization.  Workers began to form unions.
  16. 16. Causes continued In 1917 Worker strikes, public anger over impending military defeat food shortages, and economic collapse made Russia ripe for Revolution. Czar Nicholas II had no support.  Forced out of office.  Imprisoned.  Shot to death along with his whole family.
  17. 17. Karl Marx Argued that worker control of society would lead to greater fairness and eventual end of the need for government. Marxists est. the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party in 1898. Party split into two groups.  Bolsheviks- Communists.  Mensheviks
  18. 18. New Government in Russia Government attempted to bring order to society and improve conditions for workers.  Policies were unsuccessful. Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin took over the government.  Lenin pulled Russia out of WWI.
  19. 19. Russia signed peace treaty with Germany. The treaty gave away much of Russia’s resources and industries, as well as some of its rich land, to the Germans. In 1922 the Bolsheviks created the USSR  Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
  20. 20. Complete quick review #3 NOW
  21. 21. Colonial Rebellion in Asia and Middle East Following WWI Burma, Indochina, and Indonesia began to seek independence. Desire for self-rule created the National Indonesian Party in 1927.  Will not have complete independence for several decades.
  22. 22. India Independence movement Mohandas Gandhi urged people for 15 years to resist the government nonviolently. The British government created the Government in India Act in 1935.  This act gave Indians a voice in the government and est. providences governed only by Indians.
  23. 23. Middle East Many countries in the Middle East expected freedom following WWI because they supplied the Allies with Oil during the war.  In 1922 Britain allowed an Arab prince to become king of Iraq.  The same year Egypt won its independence.  Iran was taken over in 1925.  Saudi Arabia was established in 1932.
  24. 24. Complete quick review #4and Test your knowledge NOW! !