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Verb Conjugation PPT for Spanish

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Ppt Vc

  1. 1. Verb Conjugation: Present Tense
  2. 2. You already know a few verbs in the present tense for Spanish. Necesito I need Necesitas You need. Necesita He needs. Tengo I have Tienes You have Tiene He has Quiero I want Quieres You want Quiere He wants Verbs in Spanish are a little different from the verbs in English. Although they do much of the same thing, you are unaware of it in English. In Spanish, however, conjugation is very important.
  3. 3. First, Let’s review what a verb is. According to Webster’s Dictionary, a verb is : any member of a class of words that are formally distinguished in many languages, as in English by taking the past ending in -ed, that function as the main elements of predicates, that typically express action, state, or a relation between two things, and that (when inflected) may be inflected for tense, aspect, voice, mood, and to show agreement with their subject or object. Let’s review the parts of a sentence, in particular locating the verb. Subject verb noun Subj. Verb noun
  4. 4. Now, let’s see those same sentences in Spanish. First, they will be in English as a reminder. Subject verb noun Subj. Verb noun Subject verb noun Subj. Verb noun
  5. 5. A verb represents the action of a sentence. It shows the reader what is happening and to whom it is happening. Verbs do the same thing in Spanish. In English, whenever we want to clarify who is performing the action, we insert the subject. You, me, Paul, Jane, Mr. Johnson, we, you all, they, are all samples of subjects that we use. In Spanish, however, it is not always neccesary to put the subject into the sentence, because the conjugation of the verb tells us who the subject is. Every verb has six different combinations for each tense. DON´T LET THIS FREAK YOU OUT! IT IS EASIER THAN YOU THINK!
  6. 6. Let´s start with the basics. Every verb has an infinitive. An infinitive is a verb that has not been conjugated. Necesitar to need. All infinitives end with –ar, -er, or –ir. AR ER IR Necesitar to need Tener to have Vestir to dress Comprar to buy Querer to want Dormir to sleep Estudiar to study Correr to run Sacudir to dust Buscar to look Volver to return Sentir to feel Limpiar to clean Leer to read Preferir to prefer Lavar to wash Conocer to know Introducir to introduce
  7. 7. For now, we will stick with –ar verbs. They have very few irregular conjugations. This is how you conjugate regular –ar verbs Take the infinitive, and drop the –ar ending This is the stem of the verb. Then add the appropriate ending.
  8. 8. -AR Verb Endings
  9. 9. -AR Verb Endings
  10. 10. Many people will use a handy chart to remember these! Yo Nosotros -o -amos Tú Vosotros Él Ellos -as -aís Ella Ellas -a -an Usted Ustedes Now, with the verb comprar Yo Compro Nosotros Compramos Compro Compramos Tú Compras Vosotros compraís Compras Compraís Él Ellos Compra Compran Ella Compra Ellas Compran Usted Ustedes
  11. 11. Whew! That was a lot of information really quick! Let´s do a quick review! Remember when I said that the basics of a language are important, because you have to know those to build up to the next level? This is why. Let´s review the different subjects real quick. Yo I Tú You, informal. To your friends Él-Ella-Ud. He-She-You formal. To adults, people that you don´t know. Nosotros We Vosotros You all, informal. Only used in Spain. Ellos-Ellas-Uds. They (group of boys), They (group of girls), You all formal.
  12. 12. Connect the subjects!! Yo We Tú They-boys Él You all Informal Ella I Usted You informal Nosotros You formal Vosotros She Ellos You all formal Ellas They girls Ustedes He
  13. 13. Let´s start putting this to actual use Sacan ustedes una hoja de papel limpia. Take out a sheet of clean paper. 1. Using the directions above, find the verb. Usa los direcciones encima de aquí, escoger el verbo. 2. Change the sentence to say ´´I take out a clean sheet of paper.´´ 3. Change the sentence to say ´´We take out a clean sheet of paper.´´ 4. Change the sentence to say ´´You (familiar) take out a clean sheet of paper 5. Change the sentence to say ´´You (formal) take out a clean sheet of paper.
  14. 14. Corrigen sus papeles por favor!! Correct your papers please!! 1. Sacan – sacar – to take out 2. Yo saco una hoja de papel limpia. 3. Nosotros sacamos una hoja de papel limpia. 4. Tú sacas una hoja de papel limpia. 5. Usted saca una hoja de papel limpia. Buen Trabajo!
  15. 15. Use the chart from before to conjugate the following verbs Sacar Sentar Comprar Lavar Buscar Limpiar Nadar Estudiar Regalar Cortar Ganar Cocinar Necesitar Borrar Escuchar Llevar Mirar Graduar Levantar Presentar
  16. 16. Translations Sacar To take out Sentar to sit Comprar To buy Lavar to wash Buscar to look for Limpiar to clean Nadar to swim Estudiar to study Regalar to give a gift Cortar to cut Ganar to win Cocinar to cook Necesitar to need Borrar to erase Escuchar to listen Llevar to wear-carry Mirar to watch Graduar to graduate Levantar to lift Presentar to present
  17. 17. Mira! Lo que pasamos hoy y lo que aprenden hoy va a ser en el examen la semana que viene! Es importante que practican esto mucho para aprenderlo mejor, y para entender el idioma más. Todo los verbos que aprendemos hoy necesitan ustedes aprender de memoria para que puedan entender lo que les diré a ustedes y también para que puedan tomar más clases de español en el futuro. Look! What we went over today and what you all learned today will be on a test next week! It is important that you practice this a lot in order to understand it better, and in order to understand the langauge more. All of the verbs that we learned today you all need to memorize in order to understand what I will be saying to you all and also so that you can take more Spanish classes in the future.
  18. 18. For Review. ªAll of your subjects need to be memorized soon. ªLook over all of the new verbs ªPractice, practice, practice! The more you practice the better you will be. ªDon´t be afraid to ask questions! The more you ask, the more I can respond to. Para Repasar. ªTodos las sujetas necesitan ser memorizada rápida. ªRepasan todos los verbos nuevos. ªPratique, Practique, Practique! La más que practiques la mejor será. ªNo se preocupes preguntarme! La más que me preguntas, la mejor que puedo responder a ustedes.
  19. 19. Do activities 4-7 on page ?? For tomorrow. Prepare yourself to learn –er and –ir verbs, along with the irregular –ar verbs. Please! Bring your book to class tomorrow, we will be using it.
  20. 20. Verb noun