Medieval Stained Glass Art of stained glass reached height between 1150 and 1500 Created for great cathedrals to enhance the beauty of their setting and to inform the viewer through narrative or symbolism Subject matter was generally religious, though "portraits" and narrative scenes also give valuable insights into the culture of the time Sand and wood ash (potash) are basic ingredients for making glass Mixture is melted into liquid, when cooled it becomes glass Glass is colored with powdered metals that are added to the mixture
Contemporary Stained Glass: Louis Comfort Tiffany American artist best known for his work in stained glass Most associated with Art Nouveau period Used cheap jelly jars and bottles because they had mineral impurities finer glass lacked When he was unable to convince fine glassmakers to leave the impurities in, he began making his own glass Used opalescent glass in a variety of colors and textures to create a unique style of stained glass Created his own company that is known world wide for its stained glass lamps, windows, and other interior items.
TASKFor this project youwill be creating awatercolorlandscape paintingthat incorporatesand utilizes acombination ofmedieval andcontemporarystained glass styles.
STEP 1: ReferencesResearch and find landscape reference images. Think aboutwhat type of landscape you want to create. Consider… Types of vegetation Differences in terrain/climate Is there any architecture? Is there a strong foreground, middle ground and background?
Step 2: PlanningFor this project, more than any before, PLANNING is ESSENTIAL. Create a few compositional sketches using your references Use more than one reference image if needed Experiment with different ways to fragment the image to achieve a “stained glass” style Think about different color options/schemes to use
Step 2: PlanningWhen planning consider your use of SPACEFOREGROUNDMIDDLE GROUNDBACKGROUND
Step 3: Final DrawingOnce I’ve approved your “stained glass” composition, youmay begin to draw VERY LIGHTLY on final watercolor paperwith pencilDark pencil lines will show through on your watercolor. TOO DARK!!! NO!!! VERY LIGHT!!! YES!!!
Step 4: Painting/Inking Apply watercolor using the techniques discussed and practiced in class – reference color planning, make use of test strips and your color wheel while you apply color. After you have applied color to your “stained glass” and it has dried, use a fine tip sharpie to trace over the fragmented lines of the “glass” to mimic the style of stained glass.