Lets Kick Out Obesity
By: Olsen Noel Jeune
weight (kg) / [height (m)]2
Example: Weight = 68 kg, Height = 165 cm
Calculation: 68 ÷ (1.65)2 = 24.98
Psychosocial and psychiatric history
BMI (Weight over height)
OR weight (lb) / [height (in)]2 x 703
Example: Weight = 150 lbs, Height = 5'5“
Calculation: [150 ÷ (65)2] x 703 = 24.96
• Obesity is defined as excess body fat.
• Because body fat is difficult to measure directly, obesity is often
measured by body mass index (BMI), a common scientific way to
screen for whether a person is underweight, normal weight,
overweight, or obese.
• BMI measures weight in relation to height
• Adults with a BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 are normal.
• BMI between 25.0 and 29.9 are considered overweight.
• BMI of 30 or more are considered obese.
• BMI of 40 or more are considered extremely obese.
• In 2009, about 2.4 million more adults were obese than in 2007.
• In every state, more than 15% of adults are obese, and in nine states, over
30% of adults are obese.
• Recent estimates of the annual medical costs are as high as $147 billion .
• Approximately 17% (or 12.7 million) of children and adolescents aged 2—
19 years are obese
• The prevalence of obesity among children aged 2 to 5 years decreased
significantly from 13.9% in 2003-2004 to 8.4% in 2011-2012.
• In 2011-2012, the prevalence among children and adolescents was higher
among Hispanics (22.4%) and non-Hispanic blacks (20.2%) than among
non-Hispanic whites (14.1%).
• In 2014, two-thirds of adults and nearly one-third of children struggle
with overweight and obesity.
• If obesity rates stay consistent, by 2030, 51 percent of the population
will be obese by 2030.
• Twenty years ago, no state had an obesity rate above 15 percent.
Today there are 41 states with obesity rates over 25 percent,
according to the Trust for American's Health.
• 72% of older men and 67% of older women are now overweight or
What can obesity lead to
• Obesity can cause many other health problems, such as heart
disease, stroke, diabetes, and some types of cancer. These are some
of the leading causes of death in the U.S.
• Obesity can cause sleep apnea and breathing problems and make
activity more difficult.
• Obesity can also cause problems during pregnancy or make it more
difficult for a woman to become pregnant.
Why is this an epidemic
• Some Americans have less access to stores and markets that provide
healthy, affordable food such as fruits and vegetables, especially in
rural, minority and lower-income neighborhoods.
• Restaurants, snack shops, and vending machines provide food that is
often higher in calories and fat than food made at home.
• It is often easier and cheaper to get less healthy foods and beverages.
• Foods high in sugar, fat, and salt are frequently advertised and
What can be done
• First Lady Michelle Obama launched the Let’s Move!
program which seeks to eliminate childhood obesity within a
• Empowering parents and caregivers.
• Providing healthy food in schools.
• Improving access to healthy, affordable foods.
• Increasing physical activity.
• Provide supermarkets and
farmers’ markets with incentives
to establish their businesses in
low-income areas and to offer
• Expand programs that bring
local fruits and vegetables to
schools, businesses, and
• Support hospital programs that
• Adopt policies that promote
bicycling and public
• Create and maintain safe
neighborhoods for physical
activity and improve access to
parks and playgrounds.
• Advocate for quality physical
education in schools and
• Encourage breastfeeding through
peer-to- peer support programs.
• Support programs that bring local
fruits and vegetables to schools,
businesses, and communities.
All people can
• Eat more fruits and vegetables and
fewer foods high in fat and sugar.
• See http://www.mypyramid.gov/
• Drink more water instead of sugary
• Limit TV watching in kids to less
than 2 hours a day and don’t put
one in their room at all.
• Support breastfeeding.
• Promote policies and programs at
school, at work, and in the
community that make the healthy
choice the easy choice.
• Try going for a 10-minute brisk
walk, 3 times a day, 5 days a week.