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Lets Kick Out Obesity- Olsen & Jason

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Lets Kick Out Obesity- Olsen & Jason

  1. 1. Lets Kick Out Obesity By: Olsen Noel Jeune Jason Brown
  2. 2. Community Assessment weight (kg) / [height (m)]2 Example: Weight = 68 kg, Height = 165 cm (1.65 m) Calculation: 68 ÷ (1.65)2 = 24.98 Dietary Physical activity Medical history Psychosocial and psychiatric history BMI (Weight over height) OR weight (lb) / [height (in)]2 x 703 Example: Weight = 150 lbs, Height = 5'5“ (65") Calculation: [150 ÷ (65)2] x 703 = 24.96
  3. 3. Obesity • Obesity is defined as excess body fat. • Because body fat is difficult to measure directly, obesity is often measured by body mass index (BMI), a common scientific way to screen for whether a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. • BMI measures weight in relation to height • Adults with a BMI between 18.5 and 24.9 are normal. • BMI between 25.0 and 29.9 are considered overweight. • BMI of 30 or more are considered obese. • BMI of 40 or more are considered extremely obese.
  4. 4. Facts: • In 2009, about 2.4 million more adults were obese than in 2007. • In every state, more than 15% of adults are obese, and in nine states, over 30% of adults are obese. • Recent estimates of the annual medical costs are as high as $147 billion . • Approximately 17% (or 12.7 million) of children and adolescents aged 2— 19 years are obese • The prevalence of obesity among children aged 2 to 5 years decreased significantly from 13.9% in 2003-2004 to 8.4% in 2011-2012. • In 2011-2012, the prevalence among children and adolescents was higher among Hispanics (22.4%) and non-Hispanic blacks (20.2%) than among non-Hispanic whites (14.1%).
  5. 5. • In 2014, two-thirds of adults and nearly one-third of children struggle with overweight and obesity. • If obesity rates stay consistent, by 2030, 51 percent of the population will be obese by 2030. • Twenty years ago, no state had an obesity rate above 15 percent. Today there are 41 states with obesity rates over 25 percent, according to the Trust for American's Health. • 72% of older men and 67% of older women are now overweight or obese.
  6. 6. What can obesity lead to • Obesity can cause many other health problems, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and some types of cancer. These are some of the leading causes of death in the U.S. • Obesity can cause sleep apnea and breathing problems and make activity more difficult. • Obesity can also cause problems during pregnancy or make it more difficult for a woman to become pregnant.
  7. 7. Why is this an epidemic • Some Americans have less access to stores and markets that provide healthy, affordable food such as fruits and vegetables, especially in rural, minority and lower-income neighborhoods. • Restaurants, snack shops, and vending machines provide food that is often higher in calories and fat than food made at home. • It is often easier and cheaper to get less healthy foods and beverages. • Foods high in sugar, fat, and salt are frequently advertised and marketed.
  8. 8. What can be done Promotions • First Lady Michelle Obama launched the Let’s Move! program which seeks to eliminate childhood obesity within a generation. • Empowering parents and caregivers. • Providing healthy food in schools. • Improving access to healthy, affordable foods. • Increasing physical activity.
  9. 9. States can: • Provide supermarkets and farmers’ markets with incentives to establish their businesses in low-income areas and to offer healthy foods. • Expand programs that bring local fruits and vegetables to schools, businesses, and communities. • Support hospital programs that encourage breastfeeding. • Adopt policies that promote bicycling and public transportation. Communities can: • Create and maintain safe neighborhoods for physical activity and improve access to parks and playgrounds. • Advocate for quality physical education in schools and childcare facilities. • Encourage breastfeeding through peer-to- peer support programs. • Support programs that bring local fruits and vegetables to schools, businesses, and communities.
  10. 10. All people can • Eat more fruits and vegetables and fewer foods high in fat and sugar. • See http://www.mypyramid.gov/ • Drink more water instead of sugary drinks. • Limit TV watching in kids to less than 2 hours a day and don’t put one in their room at all. • Support breastfeeding. • Promote policies and programs at school, at work, and in the community that make the healthy choice the easy choice. • Try going for a 10-minute brisk walk, 3 times a day, 5 days a week. • See http://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivit y/everyone/guidelines/adults.html.
  11. 11. References: • http://www.cdc.gov/obesity/data/childhood.html • http://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/pdf/2010-08-vitalsigns.pdf • http://www.obesitycampaign.org/obesity_facts.asp • http://www.letsmove.gov/

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