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History of cardiac tamponade


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History of cardiac tamponade

  1. 1. History of Cardiac Tamponade MR Physical Exam Session
  2. 2. Elisabeth of Wittelsbach • Queen of Hungary, empress of Austria • Incognito trip to Geneva, Switzerland in September 1898 • Stabbed by Luigi Lucheni, an Italian anarchist, while waiting to board a steaboat • Fell to the ground, but then was helped to her feat without consequence • Minutes later, became pale and lost consciousness • Rushed to a local practitioner, who noted a coin-sized area of blood under her left breast. – Wound probed but she died within minutes
  3. 3. Partial autopsy report • “Lesions described have been produced by a long instrument of triangular shape with more or less blunted edges. The general direction of the wound corresponds to a line slightly directed from top to bottom and from outside to inside. Death was undoubtedly caused by a progressive and slow blood leak, sufficient to compress the heart and to suspend its functions. The finding of a voluminous blood clot occupying the pericardium is absolute proof of it.”